|Republic of Zimbabwe
|Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Work"|
"Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"
Location of Zimbabwe (dark blue)
in the African Union (light blue)
and largest city
|Ethnic groups (2012)|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential republic|
|•||Vice President||Emmerson Mnangagwa|
|•||Vice President||Phelekezela Mphoko|
|•||Lower house||House of Assembly|
|Independence from the United Kingdom|
|•||Declared||11 November 1965|
|•||Recognised||18 April 1980|
|•||Current constitution||15 May 2013|
|•||Total||390,757 km2 (60th)
150,871 sq mi
|•||2016 estimate||16,150,362 (73rd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
|HDI (2015)|| 0.516
low · 154th
|Currency||United States dollar (official for government), South African rand, and many other currenciesa, e.g. Botswana pula, Euro, Indian Rupees, Pound sterling, Australian Dollars. Zimbabwean bond coins are used as a proxy for US dollar and cent coins. Zimbabwean bond notes for 2 and 5 dollars were introduced in 2016 at par value of the US dollar|
|Time zone||CAT (UTC+2)|
|Drives on the||left|
|a.||The Zimbabwean dollar is no longer in active use after it was officially suspended by the government due to hyperinflation. The United States dollar (US$), Euro (€), South African rand (R), Botswana pula (P), Pound sterling (£), Indian rupees (), Australian dollars (A$), Chinese Renminbi (元/¥), and Japanese yen (¥) are legal tender. The United States dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions.|
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, and formerly Southern Rhodesia, the Republic of Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia, is a landlocked country in the southern part of the continent of Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique to the east. The official language of Zimbabwe is English. However, the majority of the population, who are Shona speak Shona; the other native language of Zimbabwe being Sindebele, which is spoken by the Matabele people.
From circa 1250–1629, the area was renowned as a gold trade route by Arabs who built numerous stone structures which have survived to this day. Fairy stories of a great local civilisation of native Africans are inventions. In 1834, the Ndebele people arrived while fleeing from the Zulu leader Shaka, calling the area Matabeleland. In the 1880s, the British arrived in the form of Cecil Rhodes' British South Africa Company. In 1898, the name Southern Rhodesia was adopted.
Under pressure from liberals and socialists in the Western World, notably the USA, UN and UK, to wind down colonial rule, the European Rhodesia government led by Ian Smith made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965. The United Kingdom's socialist government of Harold Wilson deemed this an act of rebellion, but did not re-establish control by force, as proposed by the UK Liberal Party's member of parliament, Jeremy Thorpe, who, at his party's conference in September 1966, urged the bombing by Britain's high-flying 'V-bombers' of the main oil supply route into Rhodesia at Malvernia. Strangely, the UK Conservative Party proceeded to attack Wilson's moves on Rhodesia, notably his appeal to the United Nations Security Council. The former Conservative Cabinet Minister Duncan Sandys, at their October Party Conference, stated that "we do not want Rhodesia to go the way of Ghana, Nigeria, the Congo and Zanzibar. The Rhodesian government, under sanctions and other pressures by the UK government, declared itself a "republic" in 1970, which was immediately recognised by South Africa. Throughout the later 1960s and 1970s a terrorist campaign to take over the country by Joshua Nkomo's ZAPU and Robert Mugabe's Marxist ZANU terrorist groups using assistance from the government of Zambia, and, after the Portuguese left, Mozambique, from the new Marxist regime there also. The leading British organisation to support Ian Smith's government and who monitored events in Rhodesia was the Conservative Monday Club.
Marxists take over
On 18 April 1980, the country attained internationally-recognised independence and along with it a new name, Zimbabwe, new flag, and government led by Robert Mugabe of ZANU. Canaan Banana served as the first president with Mugabe as Prime Minister. In 1987, the government amended the Constitution to provide for an Executive President and abolished the office of Prime Minister. The constitutional changes went into effect on 1 January 1988, establishing Robert Mugabe as President.
President Mugabe, decided upon settling what he saw as 'land issues', which he had promised his terrorist groups during their campaigns he would do, and this emerged as his vital issue in the 1990s, although arbitrary, unlawful and often murderous take-overs of Europeans' farms and homes, a form of ethnic cleansing as practised in Europe by the Communists at the end of World War II, had already commenced. It now gathered pace. Beginning in 2000, Mugabe started to redistribute land stolen from Europeans to his cronies, friends, and others in the standard African manner. Europeans were often raped, tortured during land takeovers, such is being forced to drink diesel fuel.
The result of the collapse of European government, industry, commerce, financial norms, and in particular farming, meant ridiculous hyperinflation and chronic shortages in imported fuel and consumer goods. Hard foreign currency became in short supply. Yet Mugabe, however, claims none of this is his fault and instead his country's financial isolation has been caused through American, British and EU legislation such as the Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery act of 2001 as a form of sanctions. Under ZDERA, the IMF and other financial institutions are prohibited from extending loans, credit or cancelling debt to the government of Zimbabwe. As Zimbabwe needs to import all its energy, and oil is paid for in US dollars, this made the country vulnerable to financial sanctions like ZDERA.
Seasoned observers and those few Europeans remaining in the country testify that Zimbabwe's current economic and food crisis, described by some as the country's worst humanitarian crisis since independence, has been attributed in varying degrees to a drought affecting the entire region, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and the government's activities, price controls and land reforms.
In 2005, the government, led by central bank governor Gideon Gono, started making overtures that white farmers could come back. There were 400 to 500 still left in the country, but the land that had been robbed was no longer productive due to misuse by blacks. In January 2007, the government even let some white farmers sign long term leases. But, at the same time, the government continued to demand that all remaining white farmers, who were given eviction notices earlier, vacate the land or risk being arrested. Mugabe blamed foreign governments who were giving him foreign aid and even claimed fictional "sabotage" as the cause of the fall of the Zimbabwean economy, as well as the country's 80% formal unemployment rate, instead of admitting it was the treatment of white farmers that now makes Zimbabwe a net importer of food. Zimbabwe was once the world's 6th largest producer of tobacco in 2001, but in 2005 it produced less than 1/3 the amount produced in 2000, which was the lowest amount in 50 years. Zimbabwe was once so rich in agricultural produce that it was dubbed the "bread basket" of Southern Africa, while it is now struggling to feed its own population. About 45 percent of the population is now considered malnourished.
The blacks who had stolen the land from whites farmers they murdered, then were subleasing the land to white farmers again because they were better farmers and this was the only way to keep the rapdily growing black Zimbabwe population fed. Mugabe said to this, "What annoys us even more is why our own indigenous farmers sub-lease to the very same white farmers who took our heritage yesterday."
Since black rule, a massive child rape epidemic has been going on in Zimbabwe and it keeps growing. Tens of thousands of children are raped a year, often gang rapes, and often male-on-male sodomy.
In 2016 despite some previous claims by Mugabe that Zimabwe was going to invite white farmers back because the blacks were starving after murdering most of the white food-growers, well they keep on murdering white farmers and robbing their lands from them. The government just comes and violently takes people's land, house, all their possessions including vehicles, kidnaps them to a police station over 60 miles away, and leave the white farmers with huge unpaid bank loans they took to pay for their farming. They give it to rich blacks that live in Europe. So any whites they invited back they just did so they could purchase land, crops, and equipment to which Zimbabwe could rob from them. And the mainstream media covers it all up and NATO of course refuses to do a regime change on Zimbabwe over decades of its genocide against white people.
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- The following languages, namely Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda and Xhosa, are the officially recognised languages of Zimbabwe. (Constitution of Zimbabwe (final draft) Archived 2 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.).
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- [dead link]
- "Faced with famine, Robert Mugabe orders farmers to stop growing food."
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