Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite in France
The Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite in France is the leader of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in France. The jurisdiction of France is the oldest in Europe as it was founded in 1804 (a section in Milan was founded a year later). Two Frenchmen were also involved in instituting the original organisation in Charleston, South Carolina in 1801. In fact the Scottish Rite descends in part from the Rite of Perfection, associated with the Frenchman Étienne Morin.
In France there are three major organisations claiming to represent the Scottish Rite. It originally worked with the Grand Orient de France, but retaininng independence. In 1815 many members left to found the Suprême Conseil Grand Collège du REAA du GODF officially merging this faction to the Grand Orient. While the minority who remained would later found the Grand Loge de France in 1894. A third schism occured in 1964 with the creation of the Grande Loge nationale française and its Suprême Conseil pour la France which is recognised as the "regular" faction by the Americans.
Sovereign Grand Commanders
Concordat with Grand Orient de France.
|Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse||1804–1806||Founding member of Supreme Council in Charleston. His father was Admiral François Joseph Paul de Grasse who fought at the Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War.|
|Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès||1806–1821||Author of the Napoleonic code, supporter of the the Revolution of 1789. He was Second Consul under Napoleon Bonaparte. Responsible for legalising sodomy.|
Merger with Supreme Council of the French Islands of America. Rupture with Grand Orient.
|Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Timbrune de Thiembronne||1821–1822||General active during Revolution of 1789, the Napoleonic Wars and also after the Restoration (although he remained a liberal throughout).|
|Louis Philippe de Ségur||1822–1825|
|Claude-Antoine-Gabriel de Choiseul||1825–1838|
|Élie Decazes||1838–1860||Prime Minister of France, 1819–1820.|
|Adolphe Crémieux✡||1869–1880||Jew. Leader of the Alliance Israélite Universelle.|