St. Louis, Missouri

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City of St. Louis
Independent City
From top left: The Cathedral Basilica, Saint Louis Art Museum, Gateway Arch, St. Louis skyline, Washington University, Apotheosis of St. Louis, Forest Park Jewel Box
Flag of City of St. Louis
Flag
Official seal of City of St. Louis
Seal
Nickname(s): Gateway City, STL, Gateway to the West,[1] Mound City,[2][3]
Coordinates: Lua error: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country United States
State Missouri
County Independent City
Metro Greater St. Louis
Settled 1703
Founded 1764
Incorporated 1822
Government
 • Type Mayor–council government
 • Mayor Francis G. Slay (D)
Area
 • Independent City Template:Infobox settlement/impus/mag
 • Land Template:Infobox settlement/impus
 • Water Template:Infobox settlement/impus
Elevation[4] Template:Infobox settlement/impus
Population (2010)[5] [6]
 • Independent City 319,294 (59th)
 • Density Template:Infobox settlement/impus
 • Metro 2,845,298 (18th)
Demonym(s) St. Louisan
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Area code(s) 314
Website http://stlouis.missouri.org/

St. Louis is an independent city in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and by St. Louis County on the north, south, and west. Sometimes written as Saint Louis, the city is named for King Louis IX of France. St. Louis is known for its French and German heritage and Victorian past. Two events at the beginning of the 20th century, the 1904 World's Fair and 1904 Olympic Games (the first ever held in the United States) are of particular pride to St. Louisans. In the 21st century, St. Louis has transformed from a manufacturing and industrial economy into a globally known locus for research in medicine, biotechnology, and other sciences.

The city has several nicknames, including the "Gateway City", "Gateway to the West", and "Mound City". It is called "Gateway to the West" for the many people who moved west through St. Louis via the Missouri River (first leg of the Oregon Trail) and other wagon trails. "Mound City" originated with the Native American burial mounds that once were common in the city. These were largely destroyed to level the ground as the city grew. The city is also sometimes called "St. Louie", "River City", or "The Lou".

The City of St. Louis lies at the center of Greater St. Louis, a sprawling region which includes counties in the states of Missouri and Illinois, and is the 18th largest metropolitan area in the U.S. with 2,801,033 as of the July 2006 US Census estimate.

For information on the 2014 race riots, see: Ferguson, Missouri race riots

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References

Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia, page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/St. Louis, Missouri and/or Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St. Louis, Missouri, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.