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St. Louis, Missouri
|City of St. Louis|
|Nickname(s): Gateway City, STL, Gateway to the West, Mound City,|
|Metro||Greater St. Louis|
|• Type||Mayor–council government|
|• Mayor||Francis G. Slay (D)|
|• Independent City||66.2 sq mi (171.3 km2)|
|• Land||61.9 sq mi (160.4 km2)|
|• Water||4.2 sq mi (11.0 km2)|
|Elevation||466 ft (142 m)|
|Population (2010) |
|• Independent City||319,294 (59th)|
|• Density||5,150/sq mi (1,983/km2)|
|• Metro||2,845,298 (18th)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC−6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC−5)|
St. Louis is an independent city in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and by St. Louis County on the north, south, and west. Sometimes written as Saint Louis, the city is named for King Louis IX of France. St. Louis is known for its French and German heritage and Victorian past. Two events at the beginning of the 20th century, the 1904 World's Fair and 1904 Olympic Games (the first ever held in the United States) are of particular pride to St. Louisans. In the 21st century, St. Louis has transformed from a manufacturing and industrial economy into a globally known locus for research in medicine, biotechnology, and other sciences.
The city has several nicknames, including the "Gateway City", "Gateway to the West", and "Mound City". It is called "Gateway to the West" for the many people who moved west through St. Louis via the Missouri River (first leg of the Oregon Trail) and other wagon trails. "Mound City" originated with the Native American burial mounds that once were common in the city. These were largely destroyed to level the ground as the city grew. The city is also sometimes called "St. Louie", "River City", or "The Lou".
The City of St. Louis lies at the center of Greater St. Louis, a sprawling region which includes counties in the states of Missouri and Illinois, and is the 18th largest metropolitan area in the U.S. with 2,801,033 as of the July 2006 US Census estimate.
- "Visiting the Gateway to The West". Globosapians. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
- St. Louis Public Library on "Mound City".
- STLtoday.com on "The Lou".
- "St. Louis City, Missouri – Population Finder – American FactFinder". U.S. Geological Survey. 1980-10-24. Retrieved 2008-12-23.
- Census shows city is 'hollowing out', St. Louis Post-Dispatch (February 25, 2011)
- St. Louis city QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau (July 1, 2009)