Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite in France

From en-Rightpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite in France is the leader of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry in France. The jurisdiction of France is the oldest in Europe as it was founded in 1804 (a section in Milan was founded a year later). Two Frenchmen were also involved in instituting the original organisation in Charleston, South Carolina in 1801. In fact the Scottish Rite descends in part from the Rite of Perfection, associated with the Frenchman Étienne Morin.

In France there are three major organisations claiming to represent the Scottish Rite. It originally worked with the Grand Orient de France, but retaininng independence. In 1815 many members left to found the Suprême Conseil Grand Collège du REAA du GODF officially merging this faction to the Grand Orient. While the minority who remained would later found the Grand Loge de France in 1894. A third schism occured in 1964 with the creation of the Grande Loge nationale française and its Suprême Conseil pour la France which is recognised as the "regular" faction by the Americans.

Sovereign Grand Commanders

Concordat with Grand Orient de France.

Name Period Details
Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse 1804–1806 Founding member of Supreme Council in Charleston. His father was Admiral François Joseph Paul de Grasse who fought at the Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War.
Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès 1806–1821 Author of the Napoleonic code, supporter of the the Revolution of 1789. He was Second Consul under Napoleon Bonaparte. Responsible for legalising sodomy.

Merger with Supreme Council of the French Islands of America. Rupture with Grand Orient.

Name Period Details
Jean-Baptiste Cyrus de Timbrune de Thiembronne 1821–1822 General active during Revolution of 1789, the Napoleonic Wars and also after the Restoration (although he remained a liberal throughout).
Louis Philippe de Ségur 1822–1825
Claude-Antoine-Gabriel de Choiseul 1825–1838
Élie Decazes 1838–1860 Prime Minister of France, 1819–1820.
Jean-Pons-Guillaume Viennet 1860–1868
Bénédict Allégri 1868–1869
Adolphe Crémieux 1869–1880 Jew. Leader of the Alliance Israélite Universelle.
Louis Proal 1880–1899
Jean-Marie Raymond 1899–1914
Albert Coutaud 1914–1917
Réné Raymond 1918–1924
Gustave Desmons 1924–1926
René Raymond 1926–1958
Jacques Maréchal 1959–1961
Charles Riandey 1961–1964
Stanislas Bonnet 1965–1967
Henri Bittard 1967–1975
Alexis Zousmann 1975–1978 Jew.
Albert Chevrillon 1978–1990
Paul Veysset 1990–2000
Hubert Greven 2000–2009
Claude Collin 2009–present

See also

External links

Part of a series of articles on
Freemasonry
Freemason
Core Articles

Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · Masonic Lodge · Masonic Lodge Officers · Grand Master · Prince Hall Freemasonry · Regular Masonic jurisdictions

History

History of Freemasonry · Liberté chérie · Masonic manuscripts

Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia (which sadly became a Zionist shill), page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite in France and/or Wikipedia (is liberal-bolshevistic), page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite in France, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.