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Sephardi Jews

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Sephardi Jews is a general term describing a specific kind of Jewish people. There are two types of meanings, either in a narrow or broad sense:

  1. in a narrow sense, Jews descended from the Jews of the Iberian Peninsula before their expulsion in the late 15th century;
  2. in a broad sense, and particularly for religious purposes, Jews who use a Sephardic style of liturgy or otherwise define themselves in terms of the Jewish customs and traditions which originated in the Iberian Peninsula, whether or not they have any historical or ethnographic connection to the Iberian Peninsula. In this broader sense, the term Sephardim includes most Mizrahi Jews, and in Israel sometimes means any Jew who is not Ashkenazi.

The term essentially means "Spanish". It comes from Sefarad, a Biblical location.[1] This location is disputed, but "Sepharad" was identified by later Jews as the Iberian Peninsula, and still means "Spain" in modern Hebrew.

References

  1. Obadiah, 1-20: And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south. (KJV)
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sephardi Jews, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.