San Marino

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Republic of San Marino
Flag of San Marino Coat of arms of San Marino
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "Inno Nazionale della Repubblica"
Location of San Marino in Europe
Location of  San Marino  (green)

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

CapitalCity of San Marino
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Largest city Dogana
Official languages Italian
Ethnic groups Sammarinese, Italian
Demonym Sammarinese
Government Parliamentary republic
 •  Captains Regent Maria Luisa Berti
Filippo Tamagnini
Independence from the Roman Empire
 •  Date 3 September 301 (traditional) 
 •  Constitution 8 October 1600 
 •  Total 61.2 km2 (219th)
24 sq mi
 •  Water (%) 0
 •  31 March 2010 estimate 31,716 [1] (209th)
 •  Density 501/km2
1,297.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 •  Total $1.17 billion[2][3] (177th)
 •  Per capita $35,928[2][3] (24th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 •  Total US$1.44 billion[2][3] (163rd)
 •  Per capita US$44,208[2][3] (15th)
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 •  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +378
Patron saint St. Agatha
Internet TLD .sm

The Most Serene Republic of San Marino is a country in the Apennine Mountains. It is a landlocked enclave, completely surrounded by Italy. One of the European microstates, San Marino has the smallest population of all the members of the Council of Europe.

San Marino is the oldest sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, having been founded on 3 September 301 by Marinus of Rab, a Christian stonemason fleeing the religious persecution of Roman Emperor Diocletian.reference required The Constitution of San Marino, enacted in 1600, is the world's oldest constitution still in effect.


  1. Bolletino di StatisticaO - Bollettino I trimestre 2010: Tavola 2.1 - Bilancio Demografico (movimento della popolazione residente), Upeceds, Government of San Marino. Accessed on June 6, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Conto della Generazione dei Redditi Nazionali, Upeceds, Government of San Marino. Accessed on June 6, 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 World Development Indicators, World Bank. Note: "PPP conversion factor, GDP (LCU per international $)" for Italy was used.
Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia, page Marino and/or Wikipedia, page Marino, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.