"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii" (transliteration)
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"
and largest city
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|Official languages||Russian; 27 others co-official|
|Ethnic groups (2010)||81.0% Russian, 3.7% Tatar. 1.4% Ukrainian, 1.1% Bashkir, 1.0% Chuvash, 11.8% others|
|Government||Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic|
|•||Prime Minister||Dmitry Medvedev|
|•||Upper house||Federation Council|
|•||Lower house||State Duma|
|•||Grand Duchy of Moscow||1283|
|•||Tsardom of Russia||16 January 1547|
|•||Russian Empire||22 October 1721|
|•||Russian SFSR||6 November 1917|
|•||Part of Soviet Union||10 December 1922|
|•||Russian Federation||25 December 1991|
|•||Total||17,098,242 km2 (1st)
6,592,800 sq mi
|•||Water (%)||13 (including swamps)|
|•||2013 estimate||143,400,000 (9th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
$ 3.380 Trillion ) (PPP; 5th (6th)
|•||Per capita||$23,549 (43th)|
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
|•||Total||$2.014 trillion) (8th)|
|•||Per capita||$14,037 (50th)|
medium · 83rd
|HDI (2013)|| 0.788
high · 55th
|Currency||Russian ruble (RUB)|
|Time zone||(UTC+3 to +12a)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Internet TLD||.ru, .su, .рф|
Russia, also the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country extending over much of northern Eurasia (Europe and Asia). With an area of 17,075,400 km², Russia is by far the largest country in the world, covering almost twice the total area of the next-largest country, Canada, and has enormous mineral and energy resources. Russia has the world's ninth-largest population. Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It is also close to the United States (the state of Alaska), Sweden, and Japan across relatively small stretches of water (the Bering Strait, the Baltic Sea, and La Pérouse Strait, respectively).
Formerly the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), a republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), Russia became the Russian Federation following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. After the Soviet era, the area, population, and industrial production of the Soviet Union (then one of the world's two Cold War superpowers, the other one being the United States) that were located in Russia passed on to the Russian Federation.
After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the newly-independent Russian Federation emerged as a great power and is also considered to be an energy superpower. Russia is considered the Soviet Union's successor state in diplomatic matters and is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It is also one of the five recognised nuclear weapons states and possesses the world's largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is the leading nation of the Commonwealth of Independent States, a member of the G8 as well as other international organisations.
History of Russia can be divided in to several stages.
- The Kievan Rus (882 - 1283)
- Grand Duchy of Moscow (1283 - 1547)
- Tsardom of Russia (1547 - 1721)
- Imperial Russia (1721 - 1917)
- Soviet Russia (1917 - 1991)
- Russian Federation (1991- current)
In both relative and absolute terms, Russia is one of the countries having suffered most in the hands of Communists. The Communist coup of 1917 and power consolidation during the civil war destroyed the existing Russian way of life, wiped away the thin layer of intelligentia that had kept the country on the path of civilization and rendered the Russian people in the hands of Communists who exploited them to spread war and destruction to other countries.
The attempt to build a Communist empire ended in failure and Russia sunk into one of the deepest crises of its history in the 1990s. The number of victims of Communism in Russia is subject to various estimates. According to the Black Book of Communism, some 20 million perished, while academic A. Yakovlev claims that the Communist-triggered civil war alone claimed some 13 million lives, topped by 5,5 million who starved to death in early 1920s and the 5 million famine dead of the 1930s. According to Yakovlev, 20-25 million people were executed or died in prison camps as a result of Communist terror. With millions killed by mass deportations, the number of victims could be between 50-60 million. This figure does not include the estimated 27 million Soviet lives lost in the Second World War that Stalin helped unleash.
Russia has yet to overcome the demographic, social and economic disaster inflicted by Communism.
Post Bolshevism time of 1990s
The history of Russia from 1991 to the present began with the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 26 December 1991, and the establishment of the Russian Federation. Yesterday's сommunists changed signboards and emblems and declared a policy of liberalism. Following the economic collapse of the early 1990s, Russia suffered from a sharp increase in the rates of poverty and economic inequality. Public health indicators shown a dramatic corresponding decline, official life expectancy dropped for men from 64 years in 1990 to 57 years by 1994, i.e. a typical Russian man simply did not survive to the retirement age. 1990s in Russia were also notable for catastrophic war in Chechnya.
Presidency of Putin
On December 31, 1999, President Boris Yeltsin resigned and his oligarchic clans organized the transfer of power to Prime Minister Putin, thereby ensuring their personal security and the welfare of their families.
In 2014, Russia declared it needed to import more negroes to stay competitive in athletic competitions and set out to do just that. The reason negroes run better is because they have narrower hips. Narrower hips means children born will have smaller heads and lower intelligence so there is a tradeoff.
Russian Premier League's ‘Miss Charming’ beauty contest Olga Kuzkova had her title robbed from her in July 2015 after accusations of National Socialist political leanings. She won the title despite having a child (white) because she exercised often. She also was married to the father because she was honorable.
The President is the head of the state, while the Prime Minister is the head of the government.
In 2015, Russia banned all terrorist groups run by George Soros✡ and froze his bank accounts in Russia. In 2016, Russia banned John McCain's terrorist group, International Republican Institute NGO.
Russia's armed forces, if the reservists are included are the largest in the world with 21,476,000 men.
- "The Russian federation: general characteristics". Federal State Statistics Service. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2008.
- "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
- "Human Development Report 2013" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
- Angela Merkel: Germany will become Islamic State!
- International Institute for Strategic Studies; Hackett, James (ed.) (2010-02-03). The Military Balance 2010. London: Routledge. ISBN 1857435575