UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK banned reporting of his arrest, denied him a lawyer, and is trying to have him assassinated in prison. Regardless of how you feel about his views, this is a totalitarian government.

Tommy Robinson isn't the first to that the UK has jailed after a secret trial. Melanie Shaw tried to expose child abuse in a Nottinghamshire kids home -- it wasn't foreigners doing the molesting, but many members of the UK's parliament. The government kidnapped her child and permanently took it away. Police from 3 forces have treated her like a terrorist and themselves broken the law. Police even constantly come by to rob her phone and money. She was tried in a case so secret the court staff had no knowledge of it. Her lawyer, like Tommy's, wasn't present. She has been held for over 2 years in Peterborough Prison. read, read

Rite of Memphis-Misraïm

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Rite of Memphis-Misraim
Rite of Memphis-Misraïm.png
Type Masonic Rite
Purpose Front for subversive political activity, played role in 19th century revolutions
Location
  • International

The Rite of Memphis-Misraim is a Freemasonic rite which was formed by the merging of the two rites of Memphis and Misraïm under the influence of General Garibaldi in 1881.

The Rite of Misraïm

From as early as 1738, one can find traces of this Rite filled with alchemical, occult and Egyptian references, with a structure of 90 degrees. Joseph Balsamo, called Cagliostro, a key character of his time, gave the Rite the impulse necessary for its development. Very close to the Grand Master of the Order of the Knights of Malta, Manuel Pinto de Fonseca,[1] Cagliostro founded the Rite of High Egyptian Masonry in 1784. Between 1767 and 1775 he received the Arcana Arcanorum, which are three very high hermetic degrees, from Sir Knight Luigi d’Aquino, the brother of the national Grand Master of Neapolitan Masonry. In 1788, he introduced them into the Rite of Misraïm and gave a patent to this Rite.

It developed quickly in Milan, Genoa and Naples. In 1803, it was introduced by Joseph, Michel and Marc Bedaridde. It was forbidden in 1817, following the incident of the Four Sergeants of La Rochelle and the uneasiness caused by the Carbonari.

The Rite of Memphis

The Rite of Memphis was constituted by Jacques Etienne Marconis de Nègre in 1838, as a variant of the Rite of Misraïm, combining elements from Templarism and chivalry with Egyptian and alchemical mythology. It had at least two lodges (“Osiris” and “Des Philadelphes”) at Paris, two more (“La Bienveillance” and “De Heliopolis”) in Brussels, and a number of English supporters. The Rite gained a certain success among military Lodges. It took on a political dimension and in 1841 it became dormant, probably because of the repression following the armed uprising of Louis Blanqui’s Société des Saisons in 1839. With the overthrow of Louis-Philippe in 1848, the Order was revived on March 5, with its most prominent member being Louis Blanc, a socialist member of the provisional government with responsibility for the National Workshops.

In 1850 Les Sectateurs de Ménès was founded in London which proved popular with refugees fleeing France for London at that time. About ten lodges were set up by French refugees, the most important being La Grand Loge des Philadelphes chartered in London on January 31, 1851, which continued to exist until the late 1870s. During this time it had about 100 members, often called Philadelphes. Between 1853 and 1856 other lodges of the Rite of Memphis were established.[2]

In 1856, Benoît Desquesnes, the exiled secretary of the Société des Ouvriers Typographes de Nord proposed that the higher degrees of the Rite of Memphis were not only superfluous, but undemocratic and inconsistent with the Masonic ideals of equality. Despite the attempts of Jean Philibert Berjeau to dissolve the Philadelphes, they implemented this proposal and elected Edouard Benoît as master. This group became renowned for their involvement in revolutionary politics. However the Gymnosophists and the L'Avenir lodges remained with Berjeau. In 1860 the number of degrees was reduced to 33, and by 1866 Berjeau dissolved them, most of the Gymnosophists joining the Philadelphes.[3]

The Rite of Memphis-Misraïm

In 1881, General Giuseppe Garibaldi prepared to fuse the two Rites, which would be effective as of 1889. Its popularisation was greatly increased owing to the works of English Masonic scholar John Yarker, who became Deputy Grand Master in 1900 and Grand Master in 1902. He was succeeded in this office by noted occultist Theodor Reuss in 1913.

Currently the Rite of Memphis-Misraïm operates in Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Spain, France, Martinique, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Scandinavia, Switzerland, Russia, Uruguay, USA, and Venezuela.[4]

Degrees

The 33 first degrees are the same with the Scottish Rite ([[Scottish Rite#Degree Structure in the United States and Canada|for the list, click here). The other degrees are:

  • 34° Knight of Scandinavia
  • 35° Knight of the Temple
  • 36° Sublime Negociant
  • 37° Knight of Shota (Sage of Truth)
  • 38° Sublime Elect of Truth (The Red Eagle)
  • 39° Grand Elect of the Aeons
  • 40° Sage Savaistre (Perfect Sage)
  • 41° Knight of the Arch of Seven Colours
  • 42° Prince of Light
  • 43° Sublime Hermetic Sage (Hermetic Philosopher)
  • 44° Prince of the Zodiac
  • 45° Sublime Sage of the Mysteries
  • 46° Sublime Pastor of the Huts
  • 47° Knight of the Seven Stars
  • 48° Sublime Guardian of the Sacred Mount
  • 49° Sublime Sage of the Pyramids
  • 50° Sublime Philosopher of Samothrace
  • 51° Sublime Titan of the Caucasus
  • 52° Sage of the Labyrinth
  • 53° Knight or Sage of the Phoenix
  • 54° Sublime Scalde
  • 55° Sublime Orphic Doctor
  • 56° Pontiff, of Sage of Cadmia
  • 57° Sublime Magus
  • 58° Sage, or Prince Brahmine
  • 59° Sublime Sage, or Grand Pontiff of Ogygia
  • 60° Sublime Guardian of the Three Fires
  • 61° Sublime Unknown Philosopher
  • 62° Sublime Sage of Eulisis
  • 63° Sublime Kawi
  • 64° Sage of Mythras
  • 65° Guardian of Sanctuary - Grand Installator
  • 66° Grand Architect of the Mysterious City - Grand Consecrator
  • 67° Guardian of the Incommunicable Name - Grand Eulogist
  • 68° Patriarch of Truth
  • 69° Knight or Sage of the Golden Branch of Eleusis
  • 70° Prince of Light, or Patriarch of the Planispheres
  • 71° Patriarch of the Sacred Vedas
  • 72° Sublime Master of Wisdom
  • 73° Patriarch, or Doctor of the Sacred Fire
  • 74° Sublime Master of the Stoka
  • 75° Knight Commandel of the Lybic Chain
  • 76° Interpreter of Hieroglyphics, of Patriarch of Isis
  • 77° Sublime Knight or Sage Theosopher
  • 78° Grand Pontiff of the Thebiad
  • 79° Knight, or Sage of the Redoubtable Sada
  • 80° Sublime Elect of the Sanctuary of Mazias
  • 81° Intendent Regulator, or Patriarch of Memphis
  • 82° Grand Elect of the Temple of Midgard
  • 83° Sublime Elect of the Valley of Oddy
  • 84° Patriarch or Doctor of the Izeds
  • 85° Sublime Sage, or Knight of Kneph
  • 86° Sublime Philosopher of the Valley of Kab
  • 87° Sublime Prince of Masonry
  • 88° Grand Elect of the Sacred Curtain
  • 89° Patriarch of the Mystic City
  • 90° Sublime Master of the Great Work
  • 91° Grand Defender
  • 92° Grand Catechist
  • 93° Regulator General
  • 94° Prince of Memphis, or Grand Administrator
  • 95° Grand Conservator
  • 96° Grand and Puissant Sovereign of the Order
  • 97° Deputy International Grand Master
  • 98° International Grand Master
  • 99° Grand Hierophant

See also

References

Footnotes

Bibliography

External links

Part of a series of articles on
Freemasonry
Freemason
Core Articles

Freemasonry · Grand Lodge · Masonic Lodge · Masonic Lodge Officers · Grand Master · Prince Hall Freemasonry · Regular Masonic jurisdictions

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History of Freemasonry · Liberté chérie · Masonic manuscripts