UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK banned reporting of his arrest, denied him a lawyer, and is trying to have him assassinated in prison. Regardless of how you feel about his views, this is a totalitarian government.

Tommy Robinson isn't the first to that the UK has jailed after a secret trial. Melanie Shaw tried to expose child abuse in a Nottinghamshire kids home -- it wasn't foreigners doing the molesting, but many members of the UK's parliament. The government kidnapped her child and permanently took it away. Police from 3 forces have treated her like a terrorist and themselves broken the law. Police even constantly come by to rob her phone and money. She was tried in a case so secret the court staff had no knowledge of it. Her lawyer, like Tommy's, wasn't present. She has been held for over 2 years in Peterborough Prison. read, read

Rerum Novarum

From en-Rightpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Papal Insignia

Rerum Novarum (English: Of New Things) is an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on May 16, 1891. Rerum Novarum was an open letter, passed to all Catholic bishops, that addressed the condition of the working classes. The encyclical is entitled: "Rights and Duties of Capital and Labour". Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler and Henry Edward Cardinal Manning were influential in its composition. It discussed the relationships between labour and capital as well as their mutual duties. It does the same for government and citizens. Of primary concern was the need for some amelioration of

  • "the misery and wretchedness pressing so unjustly on the majority of the working class".

It supported the rights of labour to form unions, rejected communism and unrestricted capitalism, whilst affirming the right to private property. Many of the positions in Rerum Novarum were supplemented by later encyclicals, in particular Pius XI's Quadragesimo Anno (1931), John XXIII's Mater et Magistra (1961), and John Paul II's Centesimus Annus (1991). It was a time when Europe was becoming industrialized and people were moving from the land to the towns. Socialism was a response to capitalism. Karl Marx [ 1818 - 1883 ] was influencing socialists through his most famous work, Das Kapital. GK Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc turned his view into practical politics as Distributism, which aims to spread ownership far wider than capitalism. The Pope also writes about the socialists abusing the working man's despair by making false promises.

Further explanations

  • Rerum Novarum is subtitled "On Capital and Labor". In this document, Leo set out the Catholic Church's response to the social instability and labor conflict that had arisen in the wake of industrialization and had led to the rise of socialism. The Pope taught that the role of the State is to promote social justice through the protection of rights, while the Church must speak out on social issues in order to teach correct social principles and ensure class harmony. He restated the Church's long-standing teaching regarding the crucial importance of private property rights, but recognized, in one of the best-known passages of the encyclical, that the free operation of market forces must be tempered by moral considerations:
  • "Let the working man and the employer make free agreements, and in particular let them agree freely as to the wages; nevertheless, there underlies a dictate of natural justice more imperious and ancient than any bargain between man and man, namely, that wages ought not to be insufficient to support a frugal and well-behaved wage-earner. If through necessity or fear of a worse evil the workman accepts harder conditions because an employer or contractor will afford him no better, he is made the victim of force and injustice."
  • Rerum Novarum is remarkable for its vivid depiction of the plight of the nineteenth-century urban poor and for its condemnation of unrestricted capitalism. Among the remedies it prescribed were the formation of trade unions and the introduction of collective bargaining, particularly as an alternative to state intervention. Rerum Novarum also recognized that the poor have a special status in consideration of social issues: the modern Catholic principle of the "preferential option for the poor" and the notion that God is on the side of the poor found their first expression in this document.

Political effects

Corporatism was favoured by Benito Mussolini, the leader of the Fascists. It is a form of class collaboration, an alternative to class conflict, first proposed in Rerum Novarum, which influenced the Catholic trade unions that organised in the early twentieth century to counter the influence of trade unions founded on a socialist ideology. Theoretical underpinnings came from the medieval traditions of guilds and craft-based economics, and later, syndicalism. Corporatism was later encouraged by Pope Pius XI in his 1931 encyclical Quadragesimo Anno.


This was a political movement put forward by GK Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc in England which looked back to the mediaeval guilds which an important part of life in England, Europe and large parts of the wider world.


Antonio Gramsci was an Italian communist subversive and political writer born in 1891, the year that Rerum Novarum was published. So he must have known and understood it but his Prison Notebooks seem to have little or or nothing on it.

External links

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, page Novarum, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.