UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK banned reporting of his arrest, denied him a lawyer, and is trying to have him assassinated in prison. Regardless of how you feel about his views, this is a totalitarian government.

Tommy Robinson isn't the first to that the UK has jailed after a secret trial. Melanie Shaw tried to expose child abuse in a Nottinghamshire kids home -- it wasn't foreigners doing the molesting, but many members of the UK's parliament. The government kidnapped her child and permanently took it away. Police from 3 forces have treated her like a terrorist and themselves broken the law. Police even constantly come by to rob her phone and money. She was tried in a case so secret the court staff had no knowledge of it. Her lawyer, like Tommy's, wasn't present. She has been held for over 2 years in Peterborough Prison. read, read

Red Orchestra

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Red Orchestra, (German: rote Kapelle), was a name chosen by RSHA referring to a spy ring operating against Germany during early WWII.

RSHA, the counter-espionage arm of the SS, referred to resistance radio operators as 'pianists', their transmitters as 'pianos', and their supervisors as 'conductors'.[1] Compare Schwarze Kapelle (Black Orchestra), coined by the Gestapo for a different group.

German counter-intelligence operations

RSHA subsumed three independent espionage networks as "Red Orchestra":

  • the Lucy spy ring (German: die roten Drei) in Switzerland,
  • the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group in Berlin,
  • the Trepper group in Germany, France, and Belgium.

In 1942, RSHA established the Red Orchestra Special Detachment (German: Sonderkommando Rote Kapelle). It included representatives of the Gestapo, Abwehr, and the SD.[1] Its newly constructed mobile radio direction finders triangulated many spy shortwave stations fairly quickly, which lead to the demise of Red Orchestra in a fast succession of steps.

Trepper Group

Léopold Trepper was an stalinist agent of the GRU. In early 1939, he was sent to Brussels, posing as a Canadian industrialist, to establish a commercial cover for a spy network in France and the Low Countries. Trepper established the cover firm the "Foreign Excellent Raincoat Company" in Brussels, an export firm with branches in many major European ports. Following the fall of Belgium in May 1940, he moved to Paris and established the cover firms of Simex in Paris and Simexco in Brussels. Both companies sold black market goods to the Germans such as Organisation Todt and made a profit doing so. Belgian-born socialite Suzanne Spaak joined the Trepper Group in Paris after seeing the conduct of the Nazi occupiers in her country.

Trepper claimed to have directed about seven GRU networks in France, and the network steadily gathered military and industrial intelligence in occupied Europe, including data on troop deployments, industrial production, raw material availability, aircraft production, and German tank designs. Trepper was also able to get important information through his contacts with highly placed German officials. Posing as a German businessman, he held dinner parties at which he acquired information on the morale and attitudes of German military figures, troop movements, and plans for the Eastern Front.

In addition, contacts between the Simex company and its main customer, the Fritz Todt Organization, provided information on German military fortifications and troop movements. As a further bonus, these contacts supplied some of Trepper's agents with passports that allowed them to move freely in German-occupied areas.

In December 1941, German security forces shut down Trepper's transmitter in Brussels. Trepper himself was arrested on 5 December 1942 in Paris.[2]

At once he enthusiastically volunteered to work for the Germans, and proactively began transmitting disinformation to Moscow. In September 1943 he escaped and went into hiding with the French Resistance. The owners of most houses where Trepper tried to hide from RSHA were executed, which was a risk Trepper was happy to take.

Operations by the Trepper ring had been entirely eliminated by spring of 1943 by RSHA. Most agents were executed, including Suzanne Spaak at Fresnes Prison, just thirteen days before the Liberation of Paris in 1944. Trepper himself survived the war and was immediately imprisoned in the USSR.

Red Three

This part of the Red Orchestra was outside the direct reach of German security forces: Die Roten Drei (Sender) (the Red Three (stations)") in Switzerland. It was headed by Alexander Radó (codename DORA), a Jewish émigré from Hungary, Communist, and geographer. The Roten Drei was founded in 1936, when Radó arrived in Geneva. By April 1942, the organization had been established with Radó as group leader, and also had three codenamed subgroup leaders:

A liberally estimated 5'000+ messages were sent by the Rote Drei within the span of about 3 years. [1]

Radó's group collected much information in Switzerland, and had some contacts inside Germany. Radó was also in touch with the Lucy spy ring, which had very valuable contacts inside Germany, and was allegedly linked to British intelligence.

Some people have speculated that the Lucy ring was used by British intelligence to pass Ultra information to Soviet intelligence without revealing the codebreaking operation that was its source, but most historians don't agree with this theory.[2]

In 1944-1945, Radó was recalled to the USSR, and charged with spying for Britain and the U.S. He was imprisoned for eight years, but was released and rehabilitated after Stalin's death.

Some spy messages from Switzerland have become public and show the amateurish style of those 'agents' constantly short of money and resources.

Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group

The Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group in Berlin was formed by Harro Schulze-Boysen ("Schu-Boy"), a Luftwaffe staff officer, his wife Libertas, Arvid Harnack, a lawyer and economist, his American wife Mildred, and a number of sympathetic friends and acquaintances.

Counterintelligence Corps 1947 file on Red Orchestra member Maria Terwiel.

Schulze-Boysen had been active in opposition to the Nazis before Hitler took power, but then joined the Luftwaffe for "cover". In private, he continued to meet with other anti-Nazis and traitors, including Libertas, whom he married in 1936.

Harnack also had a circle of anti-Nazi and traitor associates. He joined the NSDAP in 1937 for "cover". In 1939, the two groups made contact, and began to work together.

The combined group ran the gamut of German society, including Jews, Communists, communist jews, political conservatives, devout Catholics, and atheists. Their ages ran from 16 to 86, and about 40% were women.

Among its leading members were theatrical producer Adam Kuckhoff and his wife Greta, pianist Helmut Roloff, secretary Ilse Stöbe, diplomat Rudolf von Scheliha, author Günther Weisenborn, potter Cato Bontjes van Beek, Horst Heilmann (an officer in the Cipher Section of OKH), and photojournalist John Graudenz (who had been expelled from the USSR for reporting on the Soviet famine of 1932–1933).

The group gathered intelligence from various sources. The group itself was not in direct contact with the USSR by radio, but via relay e.g. by Trepper's station in Paris.

For the remainder of 1941, the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group gave most of its intelligence to the United States through the American embassy's monetary attaché, Donald Heath. [3]

However, these efforts to inform other governments about Nazi activity and war plans were only a part of their resistance effort. Their primary activity was the distribution of leaflets to incite civil disobedience and cause the Nazis to worry about subversion. They also printed and pasted up anti-Nazi stickers in large numbers, and they helped people in danger from the Nazis to escape the country via an underground network.

The network began to unravel in 1942. The OKH Cipher Section decoded some of Moscow's radio traffic to Trepper, and on July 30th, 1942 the Gestapo arrested radio operator Johann Wenzel (de).

Moscow had sent all the personal addresses in Berlin of the Schu-Boy-Harnack group via radio - presuming that the soviet key was secure - and instructed a soviet spy to visit these places. A little later, RSHA had obtained a printed copy of the book which constituted the cipher-key titled "Le miracle du Professeur Wolman" from a French second-hand book dealer on a dime. Though Trepper's group had managed to destroy the key (the book "Le miracle du Professeur Wolman"), still one of the captured spies had remembered the 5 books' titles present at the spy apartment with the shortwave transmitter tuned in to Moscow at 101, rue de Atrebates, Paris, occupied France. Thanks to Moscow, the Berlin spy cell was bust.

Horst Heilmann tried to warn Schulze-Boysen, but the warning was not in time. Schulze-Boysen was arrested on 30th. of August, and Harnack on 3rd. of September. The rest of the group was arrested within a few weeks, and many were executed not for no reason.

Werther

RSHA never identified a spy codenamed 'Werther' who most likely was a German national traitor and possibly government official, like Hans-Thilo Schmidt.

See also

References

  1. "The Rote Drei: Getting Behind the Lucy Myth" (PDF). cia.gov. pp. 52–53. 
  2. "The Lucy Spy Ring". spymuseum.com. 
  3. Brysac, Shareen Blair (2000). Resisting Hitler: Mildred Harnack and the Red Orchestra. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 225. ISBN 0-19-513269-6.