We need to get out and vote this year or USA Republicans will lose majority in Congress and Trump will be impeached.
Propaganda, commonly refered to as public relations today, is the dissemination of information aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviour of human beings; either in large numbers or of a select grouping, depending on the intention of the propagandist. The phrase entered the English language in 1718 from Latin and was originally a neutral term used to describe the dissemination of information in favour of any given cause. The word aquired a derogatory association around the First World War.
One of the oldest recorded propaganda in Europe were lies perpetrated by the Romans about the Celts. They claimed things related to the Celts being uncivilized, though the biggest lie they told was that the druids performed human sacrifice. Some people wonder why the war propaganda of WWII has never been corrected when the war propaganda from over a thousand years ago is still believed.
One of the first propagandists were the Jews who became Christians and spoke directly to people. Converting important people was a chosen technique because they had power and influence. That is why Saint Peter went to Rome, the seat of power at the the time. They spread the Bible but it was a hand written Bible in various languages. The Catholic Church had its headquarters in Rome so the Latin version was supreme. Latin was the language of educated men which meant that the illiterate majority only knew what they were being told. The Church had power over minds exercised through its priests.
Later efforts used the newly invented technology of printing. Movable type was developed in Germany around 1450 AD. Martin Luther translated the New Testament from the Greek in 1521-22 AD. This caused major disturbance in Europe and led to the Reformation.
Propaganda can be spread through religion, education, the media and the Internet. Religious leaders claim moral superiority as a reason for putting their positions. Education is prone to be under government control and follow official policy. The media is owned by a small group of people who are suspected of malign intentions. The Internet is a vehicle for the rest of us.
20th and 21st Century propaganda
Newspapers started to spread when paper and printing became less expensive and literacy became more common. The Times, one of the oldest was first published in 1785 AD, in England. The first editor was put in prison for libel. Telling people things did not always find favour.
Magazines came into being and were not necessarily distinct from newspapers. Modern papers are now daily while magazines are less frequent.
Television became a mass medium after the Second World War. Early transmitting stations tended be under government control. They were aware that it had the potential to become a major propaganda weapon. US Vice President Joe Biden has said TV propaganda has changed American culture.
In January 2015, German taxpayer funded television network ZDF released cartoons and a webpages targeting children with propaganda against Germany's peaceful political group, Patriotic Europeans Against Islamisation of the West (PEGIDA). The cartoons with names like “Together Against PEGIDA” poison children's minds.
Propaganda as manipulation
During the 20th Century, however, it became a term of abuse in western countries, because it was seen to mean the intentional dissemination of false, biassed and misleading claims to support or justify political actions or ideologies. This change of view came about because the Soviet Union and Germany's government under Hitler admitted explicitly to using propaganda favouring, respectively, communism and Nazism. The leading propagandist in Germany was Willi Münzenberg, a prominent member of the Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands or Communist Party of Germany. He was an innovator in the field who gave the world Innocents Clubs full of Useful Idiots. It has always been understood that advertising is manipulation but it is transparent on the basic point; it is a way of enticing us to give our money.
Jewish propaganda against Joseph McCarthy by Herblock, from the Washington Post.
We put out white propaganda. Propaganda doesn't mean a lie. It just means a statement--a political or religious system, an idea--something promoting your system, what you believe in. If you're a Christian, your propaganda is promoting The Bible and Christ. But it has a dirty connotation.
|“||Good propaganda does not need to lie, indeed it may not lie it has nothing to fear from the truth. It is a mistake to believe that people cannot take the truth. They can. It is only a matter of presenting the truth to people in a way that they are able to understand. A propaganda that lies shows that it has bad course. It cannot succeed in the long run.||”|
|— Joseph Goebbels|