Pope Pius IX

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Pope Pius IX.

Blessed Pope Pius IX (May 13, 1792February 7, 1878), born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, was the longest reigning Pope in Church history, serving from 16 June 1846 until his death, a period of nearly 32 years. During his pontificate, he convened the First Vatican Council in 1869, which decreed Papal infallibility. The Pope defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, meaning that Mary was conceived without original sin and that she lived a life completely free of sin.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Filippo de Angelis
Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church
1877 – 1878
Succeeded by
Camillo di Pietro
Preceded by
Gregory XVI
Pope
1846 – 1878
Succeeded by
Leo XIII
Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia, page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/Pope Pius IX and/or Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope Pius IX, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.