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Pope John XIII
|Papacy began||1 October 965|
|Papacy ended||6 September 972|
|Birth name||Giovanni Crescenzi|
Rome, Papal States
6 September 972|
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
|Other Popes named John|
After a period as bishop of Narni, he was elected Pope John XIII five months after the death of Pope Leo VIII as a compromise candidate with the agreement of Emperor Otto I (936–973). John XIII's behaviour and foreign backing made him disliked in Rome. There was a revolt that resulted in his temporary banishment in December 965, but he returned to Rome in November 966.
On Christmas 967, John XIII crowned Otto I's son Otto II as co-Emperor. Otto II afterwards married the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimisces, princess Theophanu, as part of the ongoing attempt to reconcile Eastern and Western Churches. John XIII created new Latin archbishoprics in southern Italy, thus reducing the influence of the Byzantine Empire and Eastern Orthodox Church there.
- (Italian) Crescenzi family
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- Richard P. McBrien, Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI, (HarperCollins, 2000), 160.
- The Papacy:An Encyclopedia, Ed. Philippe Levillain, (Routledge, 2002), 841.
- McBrien, 161.
|Catholic Church titles|
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