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Pope Innocent I
|Papacy ended||12 March 417|
|Died||12 March 417|
|Other Popes named Innocent|
Pope Saint Innocent I was pope from 401 to 12 March 417.
According to his biographer in the Liber Pontificalis, Innocent was the son of a man called Innocens of Albano, but according to his contemporary Jerome, his father was Pope Anastasius I (399–401), whom he was called by the unanimous voice of the clergy and laity to succeed (he had been born before his father's entry to the clergy).
Innocent I lost no opportunity in maintaining and extending the authority of the Roman See as the ultimate resort for the settlement of all disputes. His communications with Victricius of Rouen, Exuperius of Toulouse, Alexander of Antioch and others, as well as his actions on the appeal made to him by John Chrysostom against Theophilus of Alexandria, show that opportunities of this kind were numerous and varied. He took a decided view on the Pelagian controversy, confirming the decisions of the synod of the province of proconsular Africa, held in Carthage in 416, which had been sent to him, and also writing in the same year in a similar sense to the fathers of the Numidian synod of Mileve who had addressed him (Augustine of Hippo among them).
The historian Zosimus in his Historia Nova suggests that during the sack of Rome in 410 by Alaric I, Innocent I was willing to permit private pagan practices as a temporary measure. However, Zosimus also suggests that this attempt by pagans to restore public worship failed due to lack of public interest, suggesting that Rome had been successfully Christianized in the last century.
Among Innocent I's letters is one to Jerome and another to John II, Bishop of Jerusalem, regarding annoyances to which the former had been subjected by the Pelagians at Bethlehem. He died on 12 March 417. Accordingly, his feast day is now celebrated on 12 March, though from the thirteenth to the twentieth century he was commemorated on 28 July. His successor was Zosimus.
- Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 132; Martyrologium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2001 ISBN 978-88-209-7210-3)
- "Pope Innocent I". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. http://en.rightpedia.info/w/Wikisource:Catholic_Encyclopedia_(1913)/Pope_Innocent_I.
- Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina
- Fontes Latinae de papis usque ad annum 530 (Papa Felix IV)
- Liber pontificalis
|Catholic Church titles|
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