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Pope Anterus

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Papacy began 21 November 235
Papacy ended 3 January 236
Predecessor Pontian
Successor Fabian
Personal details
Birth name Anterus
Born ???
Died 3 January 236(236-01-03)
Rome, Roman Empire
Papal styles of
Pope Anterus
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style Saint

Pope Saint Anterus was Pope from 21 November 235 to 3 January 236, and succeeded Pope Pontian, who had been deported from Rome along with the antipope Hippolytus to Sardinia.

Anterus was the son of Romulus, born in Petilia Policastro.[1] He was pope for only one month and ten days,[2] and is thought to have been of Greek origin,[1] but the name could indicate that he was a freed slave.[2] He created one bishop for the city of Fondi.[1]


Some scholars believe he was martyred,[1][3] because he ordered greater strictness in searching into the acts of the martyrs exactly collected by the notaries appointed by Saint Clement[disambiguation needed].[1][4]
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Other scholars doubt this and believe it is more likely that he died in undramatic circumstances during the persecutions of Emperor Maximinus the Thracian.[2]


He was buried in the papal crypt of the Catacomb of Callixtus on the Appian Way[1] in Rome. The site of his sepulchre was discovered by De Rossi in 1854, with some broken remnants of the Greek epitaph engraved on the narrow oblong slab that closed his tomb[4] and only the Greek term for bishop readable.[3]

His ashes had been removed to the Church of Saint Sylvester in the Campus Martius[1] and were discovered on 17 November 1595 when Pope Clement VIII rebuilt that church.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 de Montor, Artaud (1911). The Lives and Times of the Popes: Including the Complete Gallery of Portraits of the Pontiffs Reproduced from Effigies Pontificum Romanorum Dominici Basae : Being a Series of Volumes Giving the History of the World During the Christian Era. New York: The Catholic Publication Society of America. pp. 49–50. OCLC 7533337. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Levillain, Philippe; O'Malley, John W. (2002). The Papacy: An Encyclopedia. London: Routledge. pp. 63, 557. ISBN 0415922305.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Marucchi, Orazio; Vecchierello, Hubert (translator) (2003). Manual of Christian Archeology 1935. Kessinger Publishing. p. 48. ISBN 0-7661-4247-7.  Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wikisource-logo.svg "Pope St. Anterus" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bishop of Rome

Succeeded by