UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK banned reporting of his arrest, denied him a lawyer, and is trying to have him assassinated in prison. Regardless of how you feel about his views, this is a totalitarian government.
Tommy Robinson isn't the first to that the UK has jailed after a secret trial. Melanie Shaw tried to expose child abuse in a Nottinghamshire kids home -- it wasn't foreigners doing the molesting, but many members of the UK's parliament. The government kidnapped her child and permanently took it away. Police from 3 forces have treated her like a terrorist and themselves broken the law. Police even constantly come by to rob her phone and money. She was tried in a case so secret the court staff had no knowledge of it. Her lawyer, like Tommy's, wasn't present. She has been held for over 2 years in Peterborough Prison. read, read
Reason (practiced as Reasoning) is 1. using the intellect, 2. verifying facts, 3. logicality and 4. looking for cause and effect, etc. (these four points are manifestations of informal logic). What logic itself actually means is correct reason(ing), as explained in philosophy. Logic has more to do with classification (which is a form of categorical machinery) than with reasoning itself; but real reasoning is analogical to logic, though it is not circularly (or tautologically) self-evident and generally accepted as is the case with formal logic since it is based on “idiosyncratic” topoi. – Conversely one could also say that formal logic (proper logic of textbooks) works with collective (or common or tautological) topoi, which have (simply because of their tautology) absolute validity .
Cultural Marxists call reason a "white Christian male tool of oppression!!" For example, John D. Caputo, Professor of Religion and Humanities at Syracuse University teaches this. Perhaps reason will be replaced with emotional hysteria like what happened in with change to debate format.
Philosophy is the discipline concerned with questions of how one should live (ethics); what sorts of things exist and what are their essential natures (metaphysics); what counts as genuine knowledge (epistemology); and what are the correct principles of reasoning (logic). The word itself is of Greek origin: φιλοσοφία (philosophía), a compound of φίλος (phílos: friend, or lover) and σοφία (sophía: wisdom).
Though no single definition of philosophy is uncontroversial, and the field has historically expanded and changed depending upon what kinds of questions were interesting or relevant in a given era, it is generally agreed that philosophy is a method, rather than a set of claims, propositions, or theories. Its investigations are based upon rational thinking, striving to make no unexamined assumptions and no leaps of faith or pure analogy. Different philosophers have had varied ideas about the nature of reason, and there is also disagreement about the subject matter of philosophy. Some think that philosophy examines the process of inquiry itself. Others, that there are essentially philosophical propositions which it is the task of philosophy to prove.
- History of Philosophy Podcast by Peter Adamson