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Panama

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Republic of Panama
Flag of Panama
Flag
Coat of arms of Panama
Coat of arms
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Panamá  (in Spanish)
Location of Panama
Capital
and largest city
Panama City
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups 58.1% Mestizo
14% Mulatto
6.7% Amerindian
8.6% White
5.5% Asian
7.1% other (2000)
Demonym Panamanian
Government Constitutional Democracy
Ricardo Martinelli
Juan Carlos Varela
Independence
• from Spain
28 November 1821
• from Colombia
3 November 1903
Area
• Total
75,517 km2 (29,157 sq mi) (118th)
• Water (%)
2.9
Population
• May 2010 census
3,405,813
• Density
44.5/km2 (115.3/sq mi) (156th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$44.360 billion[1]
• Per capita
$12,577[1]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$26.778 billion[1]
• Per capita
$7,592[1]
Gini (2002) 46.5
high
HDI (2010) Increase 0.755[2]
Error: Invalid HDI value · 54th
Currency Balboa, U.S. dollar (PAB, USD)
Time zone (UTC-5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +507
ISO 3166 code PA
Internet TLD .pa

Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is the southernmost country of Central America which was detached by the United States from Columbia in 1903. Situated on an isthmus, some categorize it as a part connecting the north and south part of America. It borders Costa Rica to the north-west, former associated state Colombia to the south-east, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. It is an international business center and is also a transit country. In Central America, it is the most industrialized country. Although Panama is also the 3rd largest economy in Central America, after Guatemala and Costa Rica, it has by far the most developed economy and has the largest expenditure on resource consumption, making the country the largest consumer in Central America.[3]

Literature

  • Faley, Geneva Fern: Diplomatic relations between the United States and Panama, 1903-1928 (1928) (PDF-File)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Panama". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  2. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  3. www.ilri.org/contentman/documentos/Sector%20Cárnico%20CA.pdf
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.