Alfredo Ottaviani (29 October 1890–3 August 1979) was an Italian Catholic curialist who served as Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office in the Roman Curia from 1959 to 1968. He was made a Cardinal by Pope Pius XII, where he was made Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Domnica. He was from a working-class Roman family and his father was a baker. Ottaviani studied under the De La Salle Brothers and recieved doctorates in philosophy, theology and canon law.
During the Second Vatican Council, Ottaviani was a member of the Coetus Internationalis Patrum and stood up for the Catholic faith against the liberals and the modernists. As part of this he worked closely with Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre. He participated in firey debates with the Jesuit crypto-Jew Augustin Bea.✡ After the Council had been completed, Cardinal Ottaviani tried his best to defend traditional doctrine and theology, before resigning his position and being replaced by Franjo Šeper. Along with Cardinal Antonio Bacci, he authored the so-called Ottaviani Intervention in 1969 to Giovanni Montini, heavily criticising the Novus Ordo, which usurped the Tridentine Mass. Based on a supposed letter to a French cleric, some claim he gave up in later years, however the letter may be a forgery.
|“||There are some who have put forth the claim that Cardinal Ottaviani later backed down and withdrew his support for the Ottaviani Intervention. That claim is entirely based on a letter which the Cardinal is supposed to have written to some French clergyman by the name of Dom Gérard Lafond which has him saying that he never saw the document which he had written a cover letter to, and that whatever fears he had about the new "mass" had been put to rest. By all evidences, that letter is simply and purely nothing but a cheap and poorly done forgery.||”|
|— Griff Ruby, 2002, Resurrection of the Roman Catholic Church: A Guide to the Traditional Roman Catholic Movement.|
- "Chapter 6, Resurrection of the Roman Catholic Church: A Guide to the Traditional Roman Catholic Movement". Griff Ruby. Retrieved on 14 March 2012.
- One of the Last Romans at Rorate-Caeli
- The Ottaviani Intervention at FishEaters.com
- Characters of the Intervention: Ottaviani at A Voice Crying in the Wilderness
- Cardinal Ottaviani gives up and accepts Progressivism at TraditionaInAction.org