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Los Angeles, California

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Los Angeles
City of Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles, Venice, Griffith Observatory, Hollywood Sign
Flag of Los Angeles
Official seal of Los Angeles
Nickname(s): L.A., the City of Angels, the Entertainment Capital of the World
Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California
Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California
Country United States
State California California
County Los Angeles County
Settled September 4, 1781
Incorporated April 4, 1850
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Body Los Angeles City Council
 • Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa
 • City Attorney Carmen Trutanich
 • City Controller Wendy Greuel
 • City 498.3 sq mi (1,290.6 km2)
 • Land 469.1 sq mi (1,214.9 km2)
 • Water 29.2 sq mi (75.7 km2)  5.8%
 • Urban 1,667.9 sq mi (4,319.9 km2)
Elevation 233 (city hall) ft (71 m)
Population (July 1, 2009)
 • City 3,833,995
 • Density 8,205/sq mi (3,168/km2)
 • Urban 14,775,000
 • Metro 15,250,000
 • CSA 17,786,419
 • Demonym Angeleno
  (2nd US, 45th World)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP code 90001–90068, 90070–90084, 90086–90089, 90091, 90093–90097, 90099, 90101–90103, 90174, 90185, 90189, 90291-90293, 91040–91043, 91303–91308, 91342–91349, 91352–91353, 91356–91357, 91364–91367, 91401–91499, 91601–91609
Area code(s) 213, 310/424, 323, 661, 747/818
Website lacity.org

Los Angeles is the largest city in the state of California and the second-largest in the United States. Often abbreviated as L.A., it is rated an alpha world city, having an estimated population of 3.8 million and spanning over 469.1 square miles (1,214.9 square kilometers) in Southern California. Additionally, the Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to nearly 12.9 million people who hail from all over the globe and speak 224 different languages. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populous and one of the most diverse counties in the United States. Its inhabitants are known as "Angelenos".

Los Angeles was founded in 1781, by [[Spanish[[ governor Felipe de Neve as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of Porziuncola). It became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its independence from Spain. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War, Los Angeles and California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thus becoming part of the United States; Mexico retained the territory of Baja California. It was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850 — five months before California achieved statehood.

Los Angeles is one of the world's centers of culture, technology, media, business, and international trade. It is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields, and it is one of the most substantial economic engines of the United States. Los Angeles also leads the world in producing popular entertainment — such as motion picture, television, video games and recorded music — which forms the base of its international fame and global status.


Mexicans Burn American Flag In Los Angeles

Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia, page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/Los Angeles, California and/or Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Los Angeles, California, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.