Kormack's Kaledonian Klan
Kormack's Kaledonian Klan was an attempt by Lowland Scots Protestants to mimic the Ku Klux Klan of the United States. The founder of this group was John Cormack of Edinburgh, who was a member of the Orange Order, Protestant Action and the masonic Grand Lodge of Scotland. The organisation was founded in 1935 after members of Protestant Action were humiliated publically due to losing a fight with members of the Catholic Vigilance Association who were largely part of the Irish Catholic diaspora.
Cormack was inspired by his friend Matthew Perkins, a Black African in Liverpool who at the Protestant Reformers' Church had called for the creation of a British version of the KKK. The organisation was Judeophile, opposed to Catholicism (associating it with the Irish) and fascism (associating it with the Italians). The groups which Cormack led were regularly humiliated in fights with the latter two demographies. In the history and culture of Scotland, the group was firmly part of the Jew-loving, Lowland Scots, Orange, loyalist tradition.
|“||Scotland in the 1920s and 1930s proved to be barren ground for the advancement of fascism. The BUF attempted to establish a presence in the central belt of Scotland but with little success. Apart from a few Mussolini-inspired fascist organisations which were established by Italian immigrants to Glasgow in the mid-1920s, and a few high profile Scottish supporters of Mosley's BUF, fascism never gained a foothold of any kind in Scottish political life. However, Scotland did produce a variety of extremist parties. In the 1930s anti-Catholic parties included Protestant Action in Edinburgh who took up to a third of the votes in local council elections. John Cormack of Protestant Action lacked fascist connections and even led physical opposition to Oswald Mosley on his visit to Edinburgh in 1934. The Blackshirts' sympathy for a united Ireland and Mussolini's associations with the Vatican were too much for them to take.||”|
|— Glasgow Digital Library, "Resistance" to fascism.|
- Some details about the Ku Klux Klan in pre-war Scotland at KKKlan.com