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Joko Widodo

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Joko Widodo
Jokowi Metal.jpg
7th President of Indonesia
Assumed office
20 October 2014
Vice President Jusuf Kalla
Preceded by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
15th Governor of Jakarta
In office
15 October 2012 – 15 October 2014
Deputy Basuki Tjahaja Purnama
Preceded by Fauzi Bowo
Succeeded by Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (designate)
16th Mayor of Surakarta
In office
28 July 2005 – 1 October 2012
Deputy F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Preceded by Slamet Suryanto
Succeeded by F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Personal details
Born (1961-06-21) 21 June 1961 (age 56)
Surakarta, Indonesia
Political party Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle
Spouse(s) Iriana
Children Gibran Rakabuming
Kahiyang Ayu
Kaesang Pangarep
Alma mater Gadjah Mada University
Religion Islam
Nickname Jokowi

Joko Widodo (born 21 June 1961) is an Indonesian machiavellian who is the President of Indonesia. He is often better known by the abbreviated name Jokowi. He was previously the mayor of Surakarta and the Governor of Jakarta. [1] Jokowi's win was widely seen as reflecting popular voter support for "new" or "clean" leaders rather than the "old" style of politics in Indonesia, although he is over 50 years old.[2]

Jokowi's popularity has risen sharply since his election to the high-profile position of governor of Jakarta in 2012 and also well-known with his populism policies. During 2013 and early 2014, he was seen as a potential PDI-P candidate for the Indonesian presidential election in 2014. His nomination was announced on 14 March 2014.[3] Some of Indonesians believe that he is the reincarnation of Sukarno, the founding father and 1st President of Indonesia though actually he only follows the style of Sukarno, Suharto, and the former national-socialist leader such as Adolf Hitler.[4]

On 22 July 2014, Jokowi was named as the President-elect of Indonesia, after being declared the winner of the presidential election winning more than 53% of the vote over his opponent Prabowo Subianto, who withdrew from the race before the count was completed disputing the outcome.[5] Jokowi will serve as Governor of Jakarta until 20 October 2014, the official commencement date of his term as the 7th President of Indonesia.

Political career

When Jokowi first ran for the office of mayor of Surakarta, many doubted the ability of a man who had worked as a property and furniture businessman; however, after a year in office Jokowi had successfully led many progressive breakthroughs which became widely praised nationally. One academic paper shows that his leadership style includes an interactional relationship with the people of Solo, through which he is able to induce people's strong faith in him.[6] He adopted the development framework of European cities (which he frequently traveled to as a businessman) into his own city of Surakarta.[7]

Highlights of Jokowi's approach during the seven years that he was mayor of Surakarta include the following:[8]

  • Building new traditional markets – including an antiques market and a home appliances market
  • Constructing a 7-km city walk with a 3-meter wide pedestrian walkway along Surakarta's main street
  • Revitalizing the Balekambang and Sriwedari parks
  • Stricter regulations on cutting down trees along the city's main streets
  • Rebranding Surakarta as a center of Javanese culture and tourism under the tagline "The Spirit of Java"
  • Promoting the city as a center for meetings, incentives, conventions and exhibitions (MICE)
  • The blusukan culture, the manner in which Jokowi made impromptu visits to certain areas to hear directly from the people their needs and criticisms
  • Prohibiting his family members from bidding for city projects
  • Healthcare insurance program for all residents
  • Public transportation in the form of double-decker buses and the railbus
  • Solo Techno Park, which helped support the Esemka Indonesian car project[9]

Part of Jokowi's personal style has populist "can-do" (punya gaye) elements designed to build bonds with the broad electorate.[6] This approach has proved highly effective in the past few years. As just one example, as mayor of Surakarta, he became personally involved in an incident just before Christmas 2011 when the Surakarta municipality had overdue bills of close to $1 million (Rp 8.9 billion) owing to state-owned electricity company Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN). Following PLN company policy to pursue a more disciplined approach to collect overdue bills, the PLN imposed a blackout on street lamps in Surakarta just before Christmas. The city municipality quickly authorized payment but in settling the bill protested that the PLN should consider the public interest before taking this type of action. To reinforce the point, Jokowi made a highly publicized personal visit to the local PLN office to deliver the Rp 8.9 billion in cash in the form of hundreds of bundles of notes and even small coins.[10]

Such interaction-oriented approach quickly raised Jokowi's prominence at the national level. Among others, he was chosen as the Tempo's Leaders of Choice by Tempo news magazine (2008) and received Changemakers Award from Republika newspaper (2010); his name also started being considered in national polls for governorship of Jakarta way before his party nomination of him to run for the post, including that by Universitas Indonesia and Cyrus Network (2011).[11]

Presidential candidacy

Megawati Sukarnoputri had chosen Joko Widodo to be the presidential candidate of her party.

Widodo and Jusuf Kalla travelled to many parts of Indonesia for his campaign, most notably West Papua. His mayorship in Surakarta and his governorship in Jakarta further boosted his popularity around Indonesia. Because of his interest in loud music, many musicians around Indonesia, including the cast of Jalanan, volunteered to create a song titled Salam 2 Jari as part of his campaign. Also because of his interest in loud music, several international artists — Jason Mraz, Sting, Bumblefoot and Arkarna — posted their support for him on Twitter and Facebook, tagging #Jokowi9Juli and in Arkarna's case, #ArkarnaVoteJokowi.

After hearing the Quick Count results of many different polls, Widodo declared victory on 9 July. However, his rival Prabowo Subianto also declared victory, leaving Indonesian citizens confused.[12] Jokowi asked his supporters to cancel any celebrations for his victory. While most of Prabowo's supporters tried to congratulate Jokowi, fighting occurred between other Prabowo and Jokowi supporters days before the official announcements. To prevent this from happening, Widodo disallowed the use of his usual off-duty attire, checkered clothing, and Prabowo's usual attire, white clothing, for his supporters and told them not to leave their house.

On 22 July, hours before the announcement of the election results, Prabowo withdrew.[13] A victory for Widodo was expected[14] and realized hours later.[13] The Commission gave Widodo a close victory of 53.15 percent of the vote (representing 70,997,859 voters), to Prabowo's 46.85 percent (62,576,444 votes),[15] though Prabowo's camp disputed these totals.[16]

After his victory, Widodo stated that, growing up under the authoritarian and corrupt New Order, he would have never expected someone with a lower-class background to become president. The New York Times reported him as saying "now, it's quite similar to America, yeah? There is the American dream, and here we have the Indonesian dream".[17] Widodo was the first Indonesian president to not be from the military or the political elite, and the political commentator Salim Said gave the popular view of the politician as "someone who is our neighbor, who decided to get into politics and run for president".[17]

Personal life

According to The Economist, Jokowi "has a penchant for loud rock music" and once owned a bass guitar signed by a member of heavy-metal band Metallica.[18] He claims to be a fan of Metallica, Lamb of God, Led Zeppelin and Napalm Death.[19]

Film adaption

In June 2013, a film depicting Jokowi's childhood and youth was released.[20] Jokowi expressed some objections to the film saying that he felt his life had been a simple one and was not worthy of being presented as a film.[21]


  1. Editorial: Jokowi's real battle', The Jakarta Post, 22 September 2012.
  2. Sudirman Nasir, 'The thirst for positive 'deviant' leaders', The Jakarta Post, 18 July 2012.
  3. 'Governor of Jakarta Receives His Party’s Nod for President', The New York Times, 14 March 2014.
  4. [ Joko Wididi Raih Penghargaan Best City Award Asia Tenggara – Best City Award Delgosea Joko Wididi penataan PKL walikota solo " SOLOPOS.COM]
  5. "Jakarta governor Widodo wins Indonesian presidential election". Indonesia News.Net. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Cahyadi Indrananto, Pemimpin Daerah Sebagai Agen: Dramaturgi dalam Komunikasi Politik Walikota Solo Joko Widodo / Local Leaders as Agents: Dramaturgy on Political Communications of City Mayor Joko Widodo of Solo [1], Postgraduate Thesis, June 2012.
  7. [ Joko Wididi Raih Penghargaan Best City Award Asia Tenggara – Best City Award Delgosea Joko Wididi penataan PKL walikota solo " SOLOPOS.COM]
  8. Sita W. Dewi and Kusumasari Ayuningtyas, 'Poor stagnate while city thrives', The Jakarta Post, 18 November 2013.
  9. Kusumasari Ayuningtyas, 'Surakarta mayor uses car made by vocational school students', The Jakarta Post, 3 January 2012.
  10. Kusumasari Ayuningtyas, 'Residents of Surakarta accompany mayor to pay PLN', The Jakarta Post, 4 January 2012.
  11. Cahyadi Indrananto, Pemimpin Daerah Sebagai Agen: Dramaturgi dalam Komunikasi Politik Walikota Solo Joko Widodo / Local Leaders as Agents: Dramaturgy on Political Communications of City Mayor Joko Widodo of Solo [2], Postgraduate Thesis, June 2012.
  12. http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/09/jokowi-prabowo-both-claim-victory-indonesian-election. The Guardian. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Yolanda Ryan Armindya (22 July 2014). "KPU Postpones Election Results Announcement". Tempo. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  14. Novrida Manurung, Rieka Rahadiana and Yoga Rusmana (22 July 2014). "Widodo Heads for Indonesia Win as Prabowo Withdraws From Count". Bloomberg. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  15. "Indonesia elections: Jakarta governor 'Jokowi' wins but rival rejects final results". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  16. "Prabowo camp says PKS tally more accurate than KPU's". The Jakarta Post. 22 June 2014. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 Joe Cochrane (22 July 2014). "Joko Widodo, Populist Governor, Is Named Winner in Indonesian Presidential Vote". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  18. 'Banyan: Mr Joko goes to Jakarta', The Economist, 8 June 2013.
  19. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/497469/heavy-metal-loving-governor-tipped-for-indonesian-presidency
  20. Notes on "Jokowi" film.
  21. 'Tak Ada Izin, Jokowi Keberatan Film "Jokowi" ', Kompas, 22 May 2013.

Further reading

1. Majeed, Rushda. "The City With a Short Fuse." Foreign Policy. September 2012.
2. Majeed, Rushda. "Defusing a Volatile City, Igniting Reforms: Joko Widodo and Surakarta, Indonesia, 2005–2011." Innovations for Successful Societies. Princeton University. Published July 2012.

Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia (which sadly became a Zionist shill), page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/Joko Widodo and/or Wikipedia (is liberal-bolshevistic), page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joko Widodo, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.