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- This article describes the extent of Jewish influence and not its causes or how it is used. These topics are covered in other articles. See international Jewry and Jewish privilege.
The extent of Jewish influence has been remarkably large in many countries.
- 1 Austria
- 2 France
- 3 Germany
- 4 Hungary
- 5 Poland
- 6 Romania
- 7 Russia
- 8 United States
- 9 Videos
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Jews were approximately 3.5% of the population up to 1940.
During various year during the 1873-1910 period Jews were 40% the directors of the public banks, 70% of the members of Vienna stock exchange, 62% of lawyers, 50% of doctors, 57% of journalists, 25% of university faculty memebers, and 50% of directors who had directorships in more than 7 industrial companies simultaneously.
During various year during the 1918-1929 period Jews were 23.7% of professors, 55% of jewelers, 71% of booksellers, 26% of booksellers, 35% of shoe manufacturers and 45% of hat manufacturers.
Jews were 0.2% of the population in 1890, 0.8% in 1940 manly due to immigration, and 0.86% in 2002.
There seem to be relatively little data on Jewish influence in France. In the middle of the 19th century about a third of the banks were run and owned by Jews. The Rothschilds were almost certainly the richest family in France during the 19th and 20th centuries. In the 1930s an estimated 15% of doctors were Jews. In 1895 one deputy in the French Parliament asked "what measures the government intends to take to stop the predominance of Jews in various branches of the French administration".
In the post-WWII period at least six Jews have been the Prime Ministers.
Jews were 1% of the German population in 1871 and 0.95% in 1910.
In 1908-1911 Jews were 36% of prominent businessmen and 21.7% of millionaires. 31% of the 29 families owning more than 50 million marks were Jewish.
In 1925 Jews were 16% of physicians, 15% of dentists, and the 25% of lawyers. In 1928 Jews held 80% of the leading positions at the Berlin stock exchange. In 1930 43% of private bankers were Jewish. In 1930 75% of playwrights were Jews as were in 1931 50% of theatre directors. A "large number" of the prominent actors and actresses were Jewish.
Due to different inheritance law in Germany journalism and small shop business was not as much dominated by Jews, as for example in Hungary. In Hungary each child inherited some land, in Germany only the oldest, therefore younger children went into the cities and also took jobs as journalist or salesman.
Jews were approximately 5% of the population during the 19th century, 5.9% in 1920, and 5.1% in 1930.
In 1920 Jews were 54% of the owners of prominent commercial businesses, 12.5% of the owners of industrial enterprises, 60% of doctors, 51% of lawyers, 39% of privately employed engineers and chemists, 34% of journalists, 29% of musicians and owned 85% of banks and other financial institutions.
In 1930 Jews owned 61.7% of the commercial firms and 47.4% of the industrial firms employing more than 20 people. They were 71% of the most wealthy taxpayers.
After 1945, during the whole Bolshevistic rule, all leading positions were filled with Jews, the only exception was the István Dobi, who used to be a socialdemokrat before 1945, a boozy person. Culture, diplomacy, education, industry and also agriculture was lead by Jews. Jewish lead police force turned to a helper and accomplice of the Jewish terrorists. Jewish leading position is kept even in 2012.
Jews were approximately 10% of the population in 1570, 10.5% of the population in 1921 and 9.8% in 1931.
In Poland Jews were present since the earliest Middle age. Polish kings and noblemen often took Jews' service for tax collecting, as treasurers or bankers. In 1897, Jews owned nearly 60 percent of Warsaw’s major private banks. Elsewhere in Congress Poland, this figure rose to more than 90 percent. 
Despite the very high population percentage the Jewish influence was limited after independence by the Jews being excluded to varying degrees from the public institutions including higher education. Despite this, in 1931 Jews were 54% of private doctors, 43% of private school teachers (but only 2.5% of state school teachers), and 22% of journalists.
More generally, the centrist Peasant Party in a 1935 statement described the overall socioeconomic situation as "Poles have no middle class of their own."
During Bolshevism, Jews were, as in all bolshevistic countries, the leading force behind destruction and terror.
Jews in 1930 were 4.2% of the population.
In 1937 Jews were 50% of army doctors, 80% of textile engineers, 70% of journalists, 40% of lawyers, and 99% of stockbrokers.
Jews were 4.0% of the population in 1900, 1.8% in 1926 with the decline due to factors such as the independence of Poland and emigration, 1.2% in 1985, and 0.16% in 2002 with the decline due to emigration mainly to Israel.
In 1889 Jews were 43% of apprentice lawyers. In 1910 they were 35% of the mercantile class. In Kiev in 1914 they were 37% of managers.
Jews were 2% of the population of St. Petersburg before WWI. During various year during the 1881-1915 period they were 43% of stock brokers, 41% of pawnbrokers, 27% of business owners, 16% of brothel owners, 32% of lawyers, 17% of doctors, 52% of dentists, and 40% of bank managers.
Vladimir Lenin's grandmother was a Jew. The Jew Leon Trotsky led the Red Army. The two first official heads of Soviet state as well as the first Communist leaders of Moscow and St. Petersburg were Jews. More generally, 40% of the top Red Army officers, 31% of the Bolshevik delegates at the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets, 37% of the Bolshevik delegates at the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets, and about 25% of the Party's Central Committee in 1919-21 were Jews. When the secret police, the Cheka, was created in 1918, Jews were 19% of the investigators and 50% of the investigators employed in the department for "counter-terrorism". In 1923 the Cheka was replaced by the OGPU. Jews that year were 50% of the governing secretariat of the OGPU and 15% of the top officials. The OGPU was replaced by the NKVD in 1934. Jews that year were 63% of the senior NKVD officials.
In 1939, the year Stalin made an alliance with Hitler, he started to become suspicious about the loyalty of the Jews. This increased with the creation of Israel, a state he suspected Russian Jews might be more loyal to than the Soviet Union. Consequently various purges took place in order to reduce the Jewish influence including a shutting down of all Jewish writers organizations and theatres in 1948-52, the arrest of many Jewish writers, the shooting of 14 out of 15 of the members of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, and exclusion of Jews from top bureaucratic positions. The purges stopped after Stalin died. However, measures such as maximum quotas of Jews in education and employment tried to limit the Jewish influence, at least regarding top positions. Outside of these Jews continued to greatly overrepresented in professional occupations.
Six out of the seven oligarchs who made large fortunes as the oil and gas industries were privatized were Jews.
Jews were 3.55% of the population in 1927 and 2.0% in 2002.
In 2009 they were 32% of those on the Forbes Magazine list of the 400 wealthiest Americans.
A 1969 survey found that at the 17 most prestigious universities Jews were 36%-20% of faculty members. The 3 faculties with the highest percentages were law, sociology, and economics.
A study regarding the situation in 1974 found that Jews were 50% of top intellectuals which was defined as having published in the top twenty intellectual journals. They were 56% of top social scientists and 61% of those in the humanities.
The Pulitzer prize, created by the Jew Joseph Pulitzer, is widely regarded as the most prestigious American literary prize. Jews have won 52% of the Pulitzer prices for nonfiction.
US newspapers have become largely owned by Jews. Examples include the influential New York Times and the Washington Post which have been owned and largely staffed by Jews. The three largest news magazines Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News & World Report are largely owned and run by Jews. A 1982 article noted that the "The most widely read American Journals like Commentary, The Public Interest, The New York Review of Books, New Republic, and Partisan Review are either explicitly Jewish or contain a disproportionate Jewish input."
Jews founded several of the major film studio in Hollywood. They have been very prominent as both producers and stars although the last group have often changed their Jewish name.
A 1980 study stated that Jews then were 30% of the "media elite", defined as those working at the leading TV news divisions, newspapers, and news magazines. They were 46% of directors and producers of Hollywood TV and 66% of directors and producers of Hollywood movies.
A 1990 article listed the top 10 entertainment companies in term of revenues and their CEOs. Eight of the CEOs were Jews.
A 1994 article published the profiles of the 34 most influential media people. 48% were Jews.
An article in 1999 stated that "any list of the most influential production executives at each of the major movie studies will produce a heavy majority of Jewish names".
A 2008 article by a Jewish author noted that all the top executives of the major film studios who that year signed an open letter regarding a labor dispute with the Screen Actors Guild were Jewish. As were the president of the Screen Actors Guild and the "super-agent" who wrote a response to the open letter. The author had to "scour the trades" to find six non-Jews in high positions at entertainment companies. Five refused to be interviewed "apparently out of fear of insulting Jews." The sixth turned out to be a Jew.
The influence of the Israel lobby on US foreign policy has been described as enormous, for example in the book The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy. The authors has stated that the "situation has no equal in American political history". In 1997 members of Congress and their staffs ranked the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (only one part of the lobby) as the second most influential organization in Washington, after the American Association of Retired People but before organizations such as the National Rifle Association and the trade union organization American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations.
- Richard Lynn. The Chosen People: A Study of Jewish Intelligence and Achievement. 2011. Washington Summit Publishers.
- Joel Stein. How Jewish is Hollywood? December 19, 2008. Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/commentary/la-oe-stein19-2008dec19,0,4676183.column
- John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt. The Israel Lobby. Vol. 28 No. 6 · 23 March 2006 pages 3-12. London Review of Books. http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n06/john-mearsheimer/the-israel-lobby