Orthodox icon of Jesus Christ as the Good Shepherd.
|Parent(s)||God the Father & St. Mary the Virgin|
Jesus Christ (c. 5 BC — c. 30 AD), also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is held by Christianity to be the Son of God—incarnate Second Person of the Holy Trinity—born to the Virgin Mary through the Immaculate Conception, but existing before all time from God the Father. He is held to be the Messiah, promised in the Old Testament, sent to redeem all of humanity from original sin. He fulfilled the old law, establishing the Christian Church in the World through his Apostolic followers and made a new and eternal covenant. Believers maintain there are historical references to Jesus Christ, however the most evidence of his existence comes from the New Testament, authored by his followers.
The years of Christ between his birth and beginning of his public ministry at age thirty are mentioned in Luke 2:40-2:52, but there is little known about that time of his life otherwise. Jesus Christ had worked as a carpenter in Nazareth. Jesus Christ knew how to read and was not schooled by the scribes and Pharisees but had excellent knowledge of the scriptures although he was never taught. He was baptised by St. John the Baptist as an adult and after fasting in the desert, returned with the ability of wonder-working (the Pharisees called him a "sorcerer"). At the Second Temple he chastised the money-changers and ran them out with a whip, coming into conflict with the authorities.
In the films about Jesus Christ, Jesus Christ is usually portrayed as calm and soft spoken. But the Gospel of Matthew clearly points out that the crowds were amazed by the teachings of Jesus Christ, because Jesus Christ taught as one who had authority and not as their teachers of the law. However, Mel Gibson's the Passion of Christ actually has some scenes like this, such as when he's driving out the Judean money-changers from the Temple.
- 1 Etymology and titles
- 2 Genealogy and descent
- 3 Chronology of life
- 4 Jesus Christ's teachings
- 5 The Christian Church
- 6 Views on Jesus
- 7 The Christian Creed
- 8 Quotes
- 9 Gallery
- 10 Videos
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Etymology and titles
“Christ” is a title derived from the Greek Χριστός (Christós), meaning the “Anointed One,” which corresponds to the Aramaic-derived “Messiah”. The name “Jesus” is an Anglicization of the Greek Ίησους (Iēsous), itself a Hellenization of Aramaic ישוע (Yeshua). Christ is not Jesus’ last name as many suspect. It is His title. Christ means “anointed” or “Messiah”. Therefore, the word Christ designates that Jesus is the awaited Messiah of Israel.
The language of Jesus Christ and first century Israel was Aramaic.
Genealogy and descent
Two genealogies are provided in the New Testament for Jesus Christ. One of them is for his adoptive father St. Joseph and the other for his birth mother St. Mary the Virgin. Both Joseph and Mary (cousins) claimed a descent in their paternal line from the House of David of the Tribe of Judah from the Israelites, meaning that Christ was legally (through his adoptive father) and physically (through his mother) of the House of David. Amongst Mary's paternal ancestors was Zerubbabel, the grandson of Jehoiachin, penultimate King of Judah and from there onto king David himself. The Old Testament prophesies claimed the Messiah and salvation would come from this house, which is the sole religious significance of Christ's descent. His grandmother, St. Anne belonged to the Tribe of Levi: her sister, St. Elizabeth was the mother of St. John the Baptist.
Christ's enemies, the Pharisees and some pagans, in the years following His time on earth claimed that His father was a Roman soldier.[note 1] In later times, particularly since the 18th century they developed a new tactic; freemasons attempting to undermine the place of Christianity in society, in a deceptive polemic, anachronistically claimed Christ was a "Jew" and Christianity as "Jewish".[note 2] These phrases, while etymologically deriving from "Judahite" had come to mean in contemporary society the spiritual heirs of Christ's foes the Pharisees (Talmudic Jews). This caste, now largely Khazar in racial makeup, picked up on this handywork and manipulated the argument to their advantage; claiming to Christians that they should be given free reign in society as "Jesus was a Jew", disprivileging the traditional-orthodox Christian worldview.
|Ancestors of Jesus Christ|
Chronology of life
The Nativity and early years
Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem, at the time part of the Iudaea Province of the Roman Empire. He was born during the Pax Romana, somewhere between 7-2 BC, though the exact date is unknown. It was during the reign of Roman client-king Herod I of Judea, whose dynasty was of Edomite descent and Augustus was emperor. While Christian tradition celebrates Christmas as a holiday, commemorating the Feast of the Nativity on the 25th of December, with some others holding the same celebration in early January, this was made as a rough estimation nine-months from the date of the Annunciation, rather than a certain birth-date. The importance of the celebration being centered more around the fact of His coming rather than concerns for the exact date as such.
According to the Bible and Sacred Tradition, the Virgin Mary miraculously conceived Jesus,[note 3] brought about by the Holy Spirit; the third person of the Holy Trinity. He was born in a cave in a manager, surrounded by farm animals and shepherds. His mother was assisted by her husband and Jesus' step-father, St. Joseph of Nazareth. The family were travelling because of the Roman census and the unusual location of His birth was due to a nearby inn refusing to accommodate them.
Conflict with the Pharisees
Jesus Christ considered the Pharisees and the scribes as his biggest opponents (Matthew 23, Luke 11). Jesus Christ criticized the Pharisees and the scribes for obeying Traditions of the Elders which nullified the word of God (Matthew 15, Mark 7). Traditions of the Elders later came to be known as Talmud.
According to Talmudic Rabbi Michael Rodkinson, "The Talmud, then, is the written form of that which, in the time of Jesus, was called the Traditions of the Elders, and to which he makes frequent allusions".
Hebrew Priest Josephus calls "Traditions of the Elders" as "Tradition of our forefathers."
"What I would now explain is this, that the Pharisees have delivered to the people a great many observances by succession from their fathers, which are not written in the laws of Moses; and for that reason it is that the Sadducees reject them, and say that we are to esteem those observances to be obligatory which are in the written word, but are not to observe what are derived from the tradition of our forefathers." 
A great example of nullifying the law can be seen in Matthew 5:43-44.
In Matthew 5:43, Jesus Christ tells "Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy." Jesus Christ opposes "hate thine enemy" by teaching to love your enemies (Matthew 5:44). Love thy neighbor is from Leviticus 19:18.
It is not taught in the Old Testament to hate thine enemy. "Hate thine enemy" also violates Exodus 23:4-5 and Proverbs 25:21 where it teaches to love your enemy through your actions. Jesus Christ's teaching "Love your enemies" supports Exodus 23:4-5 and Proverbs 25:21. "Hate thine enemy" also violates Leviticus 19:18 where it teaches to not revenge. This is because when you hate your enemy, it becomes an act of revenge.
Jesus Christ taught to love your enemies. Not God's enemies. Jesus Christ strongly opposed the Pharisees and the scribes, because the Pharisees and the scribes were God's enemies since they never kept the commandments of God as mentioned above.
The Pharisees and the scribes also taught the verses out of context. Here is an example from Matthew 5:38-39.
Matthew 5:38-39 (NIV) - "Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also."
"An eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth"(from Exodus 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21) was supposed to be done as a lawful matter by lawful authorities. But the Pharisees and the scribes taught the verse "an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth" to people to take it as a personal matter which violated Leviticus 19:18 where it teaches to not revenge.
Jesus Christ taught that he did not come to destroy the law or the prophets. But to fulfill them.
Jesus Christ points out that Judeans didn't believe in him, because they never believed the laws of Moses and they also didn't keep the law of Moses. In Acts 7, Stephen also points out that Judeans didn't obey the law and they persecuted and killed the prophets of God.
John 5:46-47 (NIV) - "If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”
John 7:19 (NIV) - "Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?”
Matthew 23:1-3 (NIV) - "Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: “The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach."
Acts 7:52-53 (NIV) - "Was there ever a prophet your ancestors did not persecute? They even killed those who predicted the coming of the Righteous One. And now you have betrayed and murdered him— you who have received the law that was given through angels but have not obeyed it.”
On several occasions, Jesus Christ calls his generation in first century Israel as "wicked/sinful and adulterous generation" (Matthew 12:39, Matthew 16:4, Mark 8:38, etc.). Hebrew Priest Josephus agrees with Jesus Christ on the wickedness of that generation.
"I shall therefore speak my mind here at once briefly: — that neither did any other city suffer such miseries, nor did any age ever breed a generation more fruitful in wickedness than this was, from the beginning of the world." (Josephus' Judean Wars V, 10:5).
More information about Jesus Christ and Jesus Christ's opposition towards Traditions of the Elders can be read here: 
Jesus Christ often had conflicts with The Pharisees on how to observe the Sabbath. The Pharisees were nitpicky on the smallest actions done during Sabbath and created their own teachings on what to do and what not to do on Sabbath. For Example, Jesus Christ's disciples were hungry and began to pick some heads of grain and eat them. When the Pharisees saw this, they said to Jesus Christ that his disciples are doing what is unlawful on the Sabbath.
The purpose of the Sabbath was the Sabbath was made for Man. But the Pharisees made it the other way around. The Pharisees taught as if man was made for Sabbath. That's why Jesus Christ said to the Pharisees "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath." The Sabbath doesn't prohibit doing absolute necessary actions and doing good deeds. For Example, Jesus Christ went into their synagogue and a man with a shriveled hand was there. Looking for a reason to bring charges against Jesus, they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?” Jesus Christ said to them, “If any of you has a sheep and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will you not take hold of it and lift it out? How much more valuable is a person than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” Then Jesus Christ said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” So he stretched it out and it was completely restored, just as sound as the other. But the Pharisees went out and plotted how they might kill Jesus.
The Pharisaic teachings on what to do and what not to do on Sabbath later ended up in Judaism. The film "Die Rothschilds(1940)" made under National Socialists points out few of the Jewish teachings on what not to do during Sabbath. In the beginning of this film, Nathan Rothschild says "How can you be blessed if you don't respect the holy Sabbath? ....Don't you know the Scriptures?...No cutting, no tearing, no money, no letters. "
After the revival of Hebrew by False Messiah Bar Kokhba during Bar Kokhba revolt (132-135 AD), the Pharisaic observances ended up in Talmud (Mishnah Tractate Shabbat 7:2) which prohibits 39 activities on Sabbath which can be read here: 
Jesus Christ's teachings
Jesus Christ told the richman to obey commandments. In NIV (Matthew 19:18), Jesus Christ says "You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony,". Aramaic word "qtal" can mean "to kill" or "to murder." The meaning changes according to context.
People often mistakenly think that Killing and Murder are one and the same. In Bible, Killing is a lawful execution where a person kills a person who opposes the law of Moses and tries to disgrace God's honor through immorality. This can be seen where Phinehas kills Zimri and Midianite woman and God makes a peaceful covenant with Phinehas for killing Zimri and Midianite woman in Numbers 25. David kills Goliath in 1 Samuel 17. Queen Esther kills all of the immoral enemies in Book of Esther Chapter 8 to 9.
But Murder is the crime of unlawfully killing a person. David committed Murder when he murdered Uriah through deception and adultery and stole his wife in 2 Samuel 11.
In Matthew 5:27-28 (NIV), Jesus Christ says “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery." But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart."
Aramaic NT (Peshitta) has the word "Atta" which is translated as woman in NIV. Aramaic word "Atta" can mean "a woman" or "a wife."  Since Jesus Christ is talking about adultery, atta should have been translated as "wife" instead of "woman."
In Matthew 22:37-40, Jesus Christ teaches - "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: "Love your neighbor as yourself." All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind" is from Deuteronomy 6:5 and "Love your neighbor as yourself" is from Leviticus 19:18.
If you love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all you soul and with all your mind (The Greatest Commandment), then you must keep the commandments of God. That is why Jesus Christ tells his disciples, "If you love me, then keep my commands" in John 14:15.
Apostle Paul explains the second greatest commandment in Romans 13:9-10 (NIV) - "The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not covet,” and whatever other command there may be, are summed up in this one command: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” Love does no harm to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law."
Jesus Christ represents The Truth. In John 14:6, Jesus answered, "I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me." The Holy Spirit also represents The Truth. That is why Holy Spirit is also known as the Spirit of Truth.  John 1:17 teaches that grace and the truth came through Jesus Christ.
Jesus Christ tells his opponents (Hebrews/Judeans) in first century Israel that 'their father is the devil who has no truth in him and he is also a murderer, a liar and the father of lies.
Jesus Christ taught Hebrews that the truth shall set you free. So it is absolutely necessary that a true follower of Jesus Christ is a follower of the truth (and is opposed to falsehood).
It is to be noted that Jesus Christ's opponents created a false story (filled with lies) about Jesus Christ and his disciples and this false story was the widely circulated story by the Jews when the Gospel of Matthew was written.
The Christian Church
The membership of the Church established by Christ considered themselves from the beginning the loyal, true believing heirs of God's covenant with ancient Israel. The term "Christians" to describe members of the Church, making reference to the Messiah, was first applied to them at Antioch in the 1st century and has been used ever since that time. In the same century, the word "Catholic" to describe the Church (meaning: universal), referring to it's worldwide jurisdiction, was first used. The term "Orthodox" (meaning: right-believing) would not be used until the 6th century, but the term heterodox used to describe those regarded as holding false views and condemned as outside the Church had been used since the 1st century.
Views on Jesus
Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the Messiah and the Son of God, born in Bethlehem and of his Mother Mary, sent to Earth to forgive the sins of humanity and therefore allow reconciliation with God. He is the second person of the Trinity; during His life on the earth Jesus Christ called Himself the Son of God, and for this reason the Pharisees and the Sadducees demanded the Roman secular government execute him by crucifixion. Talmudic Judaism blasphemes Jesus Christ by claiming that he was not the Son of God or the Messiah.
In Islam, within which he is known as Isa, Jesus is held to be an ordinary man who like the other prophets was chosen by God to spread his word. Muslims also believe that Jesus foretold the coming of Muhammad. The Talmud of the Judaics, ruthlessly attacks Jesus, in terms which can only be described as scatalogical and peverse; it claims he is "boiling in hell in hot excrement".
The name Jesus means “God with us” and is itself a fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy:
For a child IS BORN to us, and a son is given to us, and the government is upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called, Wonderful, Counsellor, God the Mighty, the Father of the world to come, the Prince of Peace. – Isaiah 9:6
God revealed his name ("I AM") to Moses in Exodus 3:14.
Exodus 3:14 (NIV) - "And God said unto Moses, I Am That I Am: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I Am hath sent me unto you."
In John 18:3-6, Judas with a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees (with lanterns and torches and weapons) came to betray Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ asked whom are they looking for? They answered "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus Christ said "I AM." When Jesus Christ said that "I AM" ("ENA NA" in Aramaic), they went backward, and fell to the ground.
In John 7:52, Jesus Christ's opponents told Nicodemus that "you will find that a prophet does not come out of Galilee." They said this because Jesus Christ was from Nazareth of Galilee. In Matthew 16:1, the Pharisees and the Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven. Jesus Christ replied "A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah. " Prophet Jonah was from Gath Hepher which is in Galilee.
The Christian Creed
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father. Through him all things were made. For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven. By the power of the Holy Spirit he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered death and was buried. On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures. He ascended in heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.
|“||Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne, and I myself have founded great empires; but upon what did these creations of our genius depend? Upon force. Jesus alone founded His empire upon love, and to this very day millions would die for Him. I think I understand something of human nature; and I tell you, all these were men, and I am a man: none else is like Him; Jesus Christ was more than man. This phenomenon is unaccountable; it is altogether beyond the scope of man’s creative powers. Time, the great destroyer, is powerless to extinguish this sacred flame; time can neither exhaust its strength nor put a limit to its range. This is it which strikes me most, I have often thought of it. This it is which proves to me quite convincingly the Divinity of Jesus Christ.||”|
|— Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, at Saint Helena, 1820.|
A Catholic rendering of Christ the King.
- Mark 6:3
- John 7:14-15, Matthew 13:54 & Luke 4:16-21
- Catholic Encyclopedia (10 September 2010). "Chronology of the Life of Jesus Christ". External link in
- Matthew 7:28-29
- Jesus Chases The Money Changers Out of The Temple
- Catholic Encyclopedia (10 September 2010). "Genealogy of Christ". External link in
- OrthodoxWiki (10 September 2010). "Genealogy of Christ". External link in
- Christ Conquers Forum (10 September 2013). ""But Jesus was a Jew..." On that old Jewish and Protestant excuse". External link in
- Science Daily (10 September 2013). "New Study Sheds Light On the Origin of the European Jewish Population". External link in
- The History of the Talmud, Vol. II, page 70, Chapter IX
- Antiquities of Judeans Book XIII.X.VI
- Matthew 5:17
- Matthew 12 & Mark 2:23-3:6
- Matthew 12:1-13 & Mark 2:23-28
- Mark 2:27
- Matthew 12:10-14
- Matthew 19:16-19
- Matthew 19:18 in https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+19
- Book "A Compendius Syriac Dictionary", page 501
- 1 Samuel 17:32-51
- Book "A Compendious Syriac Dictionary" by Robert Payne Smith, Page 22
- John 14:16-17, John 16:13
- John 8:44
- John 8:32
- Matthew 28:5-15
- Jesus and the Talmud by Michael Hoffman II
- John 18:5-6 in http://www.peshitta.org/pdf/Yukhnch18.pdf
- Matthew 16:4
- 2 Kings 14:24
- Is Christianity Moral? by DarkMatter2525
- "Napoleon Bonaparte - On the Divinity of Jesus Christ, at Saint Helena - 1820" (PDF). God the Original Intent. Retrieved on 14 March 2012.
- The anti-Christian rabbinical polemic, Toledot Yeshu, claims His father was called "Pandera". In the 19th century, some freemasons claimed this could be one Tiberius Iulius Abdes Pantera, whose grave was discovered in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
- This false dichotomy, particularly perpetuated by the Tübingen School, (A) presumes an ethnic continuity between the ancient Israelites and the people in Europe, likely Khazars, who call themselves "Jews". (B) falsely presumes that Talmudic Judaism (the definitive expression of Jewishness) is simply the nominal representative of the religion of the Old Testament and completely ignores, intentionally and maliciously, all doctrinal claims of traditional-orthodox Christianity.
- This should not be confused with the Catholic dogma of the Immaculate Conception, which pertains instead to the birth of Mary herself.