Humanitas Lodge, Vienna
The Humanitas Lodge refers to a freemasonic lodge in Vienna, Austria, founded on 26 June 1869. During its early years, because of a curious law in the Austo-Hungarian Empire which meant that freemasonry was illegal in Austria itself, the Jewish and Austrian members from Vienna had to claim that they were conducting ceremonies just over the border in Hungary. Notable members have included Carl Kellner, the founder of the Ordo Templi Orientis, who was initated in 1873. Others have incuded Coudenhove-Kalergi, the ideological founder of the European Union project, through his Paneuropean Union organisation and Simon Popper, the father of Jewish polemicist Karl Popper.
|“||Humanitas was the oldest and largest lodge and had a few hundred members. Masonic lodges provided the bourgeoisie with an alternative to the established social hierarchy. Their leadership came from the bourgeoisie's upper echelons and their members from the solid middle classes: affluent merchants and bankers, well-to-do professionals and professors. Jews were heavily represented giving Austrian lodges a very different profile from their German counterparts.||”|
|— Malachi Haim Hacohen, Karl Popper - The Formative Years, 1902-1945, 2002.|
- Hacohen 2002, p. 42.