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House of Bruce
|House of Bruce|
Armorial of Bruce
|Country||Scotland, England, Normandy|
|Founder||Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale|
|Final ruler||David II of Scotland|
|Current head||Andrew Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin|
|Ethnicity||Normans, Scottish, English (see details)|
The House of Bruce is a noble and previously royal house, most noted for providing two kings of Scotland in the form of Robert the Bruce and David II of Scotland, as well as for their participation in the Wars of the Scottish Succession. Their paternal ancestors were Normans from Brix who arrived on the island after a member of their family was made Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale in 1113, by David I of Scotland. Robert and also David I, had both been allies with Henry I of England in his campaign to recover the Duchy of Normandy. After David split with Henry's successor Stephen, Bruce parted company with him and remained in his English estates at Gisborough, where he founded Gisborough Priory.
It was Robert de Brus, 4th Lord of Annandale who married into the highest ranks of Scottish nobility, to a woman who counted amongst her ancestors David I of Scotland. It is through this link that his son Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale made a claim for the Scottish throne during the succession crisis known as the Great Cause, after the unexpected death of Margaret, Maid of Norway who had been heir to Alexander III of Scotland. However, he lost out to John II of Balliol from the House of Balliol. His grandson Robert the Bruce would later be crowned as king of Scotland by Guardian of Scotland and Bishop of St Andrews, William de Lamberton, during the course of the Wars of the Scottish Succession.
Robert the Bruce also tried to have his brother Edward Bruce set up as puppet-king in Ireland, against the Lordship of Ireland which was a territory of the Plantagenets. However this gained little support from the Irish kings, outside of the O'Neills of Tyrone. The Annals of Loch Cé claimed the Bruce Wars caused widespread famine. The son of Robert the Bruce, David II of Scotland, also reigned as king of Scotland. However he produced no heir and the throne passed to the House of Stewart. Other branches continued on in the Scottish nobility, such as the Earl of Elgin who is currently head. One member, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin, was noted for controversially removing the Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon.
List of monarchs
Kings of Scotland
|Portrait||Name||From||Until||Relationship with predecessor|
| Robert I of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
|25 March 1306||7 June 1329||interregnum under the Guardian of Scotland.|
|David II of Scotland||7 June 1329||22 February 1371||Son of Robert the Bruce.|