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|Part of a series on the|
|Pope – Pope Benedict XVI|
|College of Cardinals – Holy See|
|Episcopal polity · Latin Church|
|Eastern Catholic Churches|
|History · Christianity|
|Catholicism · Apostolic Succession|
|Four Marks of the Church|
|Crucifixion & Resurrection of Jesus|
|Ascension · Assumption of Mary|
|Criticism of the Catholic Church|
|Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)|
|Theology · Apologetics|
|Divine Grace · Sacraments|
|Purgatory · Salvation|
|Original sin · Saints · Dogma|
|Virgin Mary · Mariology|
|Immaculate Conception of Mary|
|Liturgy and Worship|
|Roman Catholic Liturgy|
|Eucharist · Liturgy of the Hours|
|Liturgical Year · Biblical Canon|
|Roman · Armenian · Alexandrian|
|Byzantine · Antiochian · West Syrian · East Syrian|
|Church and Science · Ecumenism|
|Church and Evolution · Monasticism|
|Prayer · Music · Art|
The Holy See is the episcopal jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome (who is commonly known as the Pope), and is the preeminent episcopal see of the Catholic Church, forming the central government of the Church. As such, diplomatically, and in other spheres the Holy See acts and speaks for the whole Catholic Church. It is also recognized by other subjects of international law as a sovereign entity, headed by the Pope, with which diplomatic relations can be maintained.
Although it is often referred to by the ambiguous term "the Vatican", the Holy See is not the same as the Vatican City State, which came into existence only in 1929, while the Holy See dates back to early Christian times. Ambassadors are officially accredited not to the Vatican City State but to "the Holy See", and papal representatives to states and international organizations are recognized as representing the Holy See, not the Vatican City State.
- The Holy See's sovereignty has been recognized explicitly in many international agreements and is particularly emphasized in article 2 of the Lateran Treaty of 11 February 1929, in which "Italy recognizes the sovereignty of the Holy See in the international field as an inherent attribute of its nature, in conformity with its tradition, and the requirements of its mission in the world."