UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK banned reporting of his arrest, denied him a lawyer, and is trying to have him assassinated in prison. Regardless of how you feel about his views, this is a totalitarian government.

Tommy Robinson isn't the first to that the UK has jailed after a secret trial. Melanie Shaw tried to expose child abuse in a Nottinghamshire kids home -- it wasn't foreigners doing the molesting, but many members of the UK's parliament. The government kidnapped her child and permanently took it away. Police from 3 forces have treated her like a terrorist and themselves broken the law. Police even constantly come by to rob her phone and money. She was tried in a case so secret the court staff had no knowledge of it. Her lawyer, like Tommy's, wasn't present. She has been held for over 2 years in Peterborough Prison. read, read

Gustav Landauer

From en-Rightpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gustav Landauer

Gustav Landauer (April 7, 1870 in Karlsruhe, GermanyMay 2, 1919 in Munich, Germany) was one of the leading theorists on Anarchism in Germany in the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. He was an advocate of communist anarchism and an avowed pacifist. Landauer is also known for his study and translations such as of William Shakespeare's works into German.

Landauer was the second child of a Jewish shoe shop owner in Karlsruhe where he went through school. He was educated in philosophy, German studies and art history at Heidelberg, Strasbourg, and Berlin. After breaking off his studies in 1893, he worked as a freelance journalist and public speaker. His later works show the lasting influence of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Tolstoi but he also felt attracted to the philosophy of Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Proudhon and the anarchist theories of Bakunin and especially Peter Kropotkin.

His second wife, Hedwig Lachmann, was an accomplished translator, and they worked together to translate various works into German, including those of British playwright Oscar Wilde, e. g. Dorian Gray, and the American poet Walt Whitman.

In the spring of 1889 in Berlin Landauer met his sponsor and long-time friend, the author and philosopher Fritz Mauthner for the first time. In April 1891 he joined the Free Volksbühne Berlin and declared his support of the ‘’Friedrichshagen Poet Circle’’ (Friedrichshagener Dichterkreis) for Naturalist literature.

In February 1892 Landauer became member of the ‘’Association of Independent Socialists’’ (Verein Unabhängiger Sozialisten) and of a group of publishers for their mouthpiece ‘’Socialist Organ of the Independent Socialists’’ (Sozialistisches Organ der unabhängigen Sozialisten). In this paper he wrote a number of articles on Art but also critical remarks about political issues as well as on the economical views of Karl Marx and Egon Dühring.

Together with friends from the literature group ‘’The Young’’ (Die Jungen), who also worked with the Association of Independent Socialists, he founded the ‘’New Free Volksbühne’’ (Neue Freie Volksbühne).

In the end of 1892 Landauer married the seamstress Margarethe Leuschner.

In July 1893 the Association of Independent Socialists, in which Landauer had become the leading member of its anarchist wing, split up. In the same month he ended his cooperation with the magazine ‘’Socialist’’ (Sozialist) of which the last issue appeared in January 1895.

At the ’’International Convention of Socialist Workers’’ of the 2nd Socialist International in August 1893 in Zurich, Landauer, as a delegate for the Berlin anarchists, stood for an ‘’anarchist socialism’’. Against an anarchist minority the convention with 411 delegates from 20 countries passed a resolution coming out in favour of participation in elections and political action in parliaments. The anarchists were excluded from the 2nd Socialist International.

Arrestment

For ‘’incitement to civil disobedience’’ in October 1893 Landauer for the first time was arrested and sentenced 2 months in prison. In December these were extended to 9 months which Landauer served in the prison of Sorau (today Żary).

After Landauer had been unable to establish a secure livelihood in Switzerland in 1895 he returned to Berlin where he lived very modestly in a circle of artists, literati, people from theatres and critics. Between 1895 and 1899 he published another magazine titled ‘’Socialist-Anarchist Monthly’’ (Sozialist – Anarchistische Monatszeitschrift).

In 1899 Landauer for the first time met his later second wife, the poet and language teacher Hedwig Lachmann. In September of that year they decided to stay together for a longer period in England, where Landauer became close friends with the Russian anarchist Peter Kropotkin. During this time Lachmann’s and Landauer’s daughter Gudula was born. In 1902 they returned to Berlin.

In 1903 Landauer got a divorce from his first wife and married Hedwig Lachmann the same year. In 1906 their second daughter Brigitte was born.

From 1909 to 1915 Landauer published the magazine ‘’The Socialist’’ (Der Sozialist) in Berlin, which was considered to be the mouthpiece of the ‘’Socialist Federation’’ (Sozialistischer Bund) founded by Landauer in 1908. Among the first members were Erich Mühsam and Martin Buber. As a political organisation the federation remained unimportant.

In these years Landauer himself wrote 115 contributions for the magazine concerning art, literature and philosophy but also contemporary politics. In this magazine he also published to a greater extent own translations of the French philosopher and theorist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Because of the tightening of censorship the magazine had to be closed down.

In 1914 Landauer would not let himself be carried away by the general enthusiasm for the war. Instead, he fought against it from the very beginning from his anarchist and pacifist standpoint.

Because of the increasing difficulties and poverty during the war Landauer and his family moved from Berlin to Krumbach, near Ulm, in south western Germany. Here his wife died 21. February, 1918 of pneumonia.

Bolshevist revolution

Right after the war and the start of the November Revolution (German Revolution) Kurt Eisner sent a letter to Landauer on 14. November 1918 inviting him to participate in the Revolution and the establishment of a soviet republic in Bavaria: ‘’’’What I would like you to do is to contribute in the reconstruction of the souls by speech’’’’.

After the assassination of Eisner by the right-wing extremist student Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley on 21. February 1919 the debates on the question of a council (soviet) system or a parliamentary system in the new Bavarian republic grew in intensity. When the soviet republic was proclaimed on 7. April 1919 against the elected government of Johannes Hoffmann, Landauer became Commissioner of Enlightenment and Public Instruction. The government of the first Soviet Republic of Bavaria (Erste Räterepublik des Freistaates Bayern) was initially dominated by independent socialists and pacifists like Ernst Toller (author and poet) or Silvio Gesell and anarchists like Erich Mühsam or Landauer. Landauer’s first and only decree was to ban history lessons in Bavarian schools.

Three days after the soviet government had been taken over by functionaries of the KPD (Communist Party of Germany) around Eugen Leviné and Max Levien Landauer became disappointed with their policies and resigned from all his political posts on 16. April 1919.

After Munich was reconquered by the German army and Freikorps units, Landauer was arrested on 1. May 1919 and slain one day later in Stadelheim Prison in Munich.

After the National Socialists seized power in Germany in 1933 they destroyed Landauer’s grave, which had been erected in 1925, sent his remains to the Jewish congregation of Munich, charging them for the costs. Landauer was later put to rest at the Munich Waldfriedhof (Forest Cemetery).

Unbalanced-scales.jpg
This section or article contains text from Wikipedia or Metapedia which has not yet been processed. It is thus likely to contain material which does not comply with the Rightpedia guide lines. You can help Rightpedia by editing the article and cleaning it from bias and inappropriate wordings.
Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia (which sadly became a Zionist shill), page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/Gustav Landauer and/or Wikipedia (is liberal-bolshevistic), page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustav Landauer, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.