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Mahatma Gandhi

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Mohandas Gandhi
The face of Gandhi in old age—smiling, wearing glasses, and with a white sash over his right shoulder
Born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(1869-10-02)2 October 1869
Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire[1]
(now in Gujarat, India)
Died 30 January 1948(1948-01-30) (aged 78)
New Delhi, Delhi, India
Cause of death Assassination by shooting
Resting place Ashes scattered in various Indian rivers
Nationality Indian
Other names Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu, Gandhiji
Education barrister-at-law
Alma mater Alfred High School, Rajkot,
Samaldas College, Bhavnagar,
University College, London
Known for Leadership of Indian independence movement,
philosophy of Satyagraha, Ahimsa or nonviolence,
Movement Indian National Congress
Religion Hinduism, with Jain influences
Spouse(s) Kasturba Gandhi
Children Harilal
Mohandas K. Gandhi signature.svg

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948), known popularly as Mahatma Gandhi was one of the founding fathers of the modern Indian state and an influential advocate of Satyagraha (non-violent protest) as a means of revolution. He married early, at 14 to a 13-year-old girl. He died January 30, 1948 from assassination. The assassin was Nathuram Godse, a Hindu who opposed Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolence.

One thing not known publicly is that he opposed British rule in India because Britain was trying to do away with the more abusive aspects of their caste system and Gandhi didn't like that. He strongly was racist against black people. He even also called them by the racial slur, "kaffir".[2] Even in the 21st century, such a view by Indians against blacks is commonplace.[3]

One of Gandhi's major strategies, first in South Africa and then in India, was uniting Muslims and Hindus to work together in opposition to the freedoms that the British enabled society. In 1919–22, he won strong Muslim support for his leadership in the Khilafat Movement to support the Ottoman Caliphate. By 1924, that Muslim support had largely evaporated because Islam tends not to get along with other religions for very long, except pre-Israel Judaism.[4][5]

Gandhi believed in passive resistance and here's an example of it. You're familiar with how National Socialist Germany was cruel to Jews? In 1946, after Gandhi learned of The Holocaust, he said the Jews should have done passive resistance against Hitler in a suicidal extreme. He said in a 1946 interview, "Hitler killed five million Jews. It is the greatest crime of our time. But the Jews should have offered themselves to the butcher's knife. They should have thrown themselves into the sea from cliffs... It would have aroused the world and the people of Germany... As it is they succumbed anyway in their millions."[6] Gandhi believed this act of "collective suicide", in response to The Holocaust, "would have been heroism".[7]


  1. Gandhi, Rajmohan (2006) pp. 1–3.
  2. The Truth About Gandhi by Stefan Molyneux
  3. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/16e59225cccd4e1c9ed9d0f664c2cdc4/africans-india-face-constant-battles-racism
  4. Kumaraswamy, P. R. (1992). "Mahatma Gandhi and the Jewish National Home: An Assessment". Asian and African studies: Journal of the Israel Oriental Society. 26 (1): 1–13. 
  5. Ghose, Sankar (1991). Mahatma Gandhi. Allied Publishers. p. 164. ISBN 9788170232056. 
  6. Fischer, Louis (1950). The life of Mahatma Gandhi. Harper. p. 348. 
  7. George Orwell, "Reflections on Gandhi", Partisan Review, January 1949.