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Freemasonry is an international and diversified religious fraternal secret society associated with Liberalism, often used as a front group for the global Jewish conspirators. It is usually mistaken to be or misrepresented as "Christian", even by its own adherents. Through a series of ritualistic degrees, heavy with esoteric symbolism—primarily derived from Kabbalism, Hermeticism and alchemy—in various rites, Freemasonry seeks to instill in its membership a rootless cosmopolitan and egalitarian outlook which it claims is Freemasonic “morality”. When it first emerged freemasonry was largely (and a significant part remains) theosophical and relativist in relation to religion, however, some developed a militant atheism during the 19th century.
The front part of the order is organized into Lodges and Grand Lodges, having its foot soldiers in the Craft Lodges with the ranks of Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason. Behind these exist various rites which lead to the real thoughts and purpose of Freemasonry. To spice up the satanic aims of Freemasonry, they play with symbolism and farcical secrets, and these optical improvements bring many nescient to join Freemasonry which will have to serve the secret uppers.
Generally, Freemasonry relied on the bourgeois for members; both crude social-climbers and naive idealists who claimed to believe in "progress", "enlightenment", "democracy" and "science". In Protestant majority countries of Northern Europe, the states attempted to gentrify national lodges. While in areas under the influence of the rest of the continent, some of the Grand Orient associated Freemasons became very radical, producing violent sects such as the Carbonari and Illuminati; republican, egalitarian, and anti-clerical. Many, if not most of the revolutions, assassinations and other intrigues from at least the 18th to 20th century involved Freemasons.
- 1 Controversies and criticisms
- 2 History
- 3 Jewish connection
- 4 Oaths
- 5 Esotericism
- 6 Quotes
- 7 Gallery
- 8 Videos
- 9 References
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
Controversies and criticisms
Freemasonry has a secretive structure where initiates gradually advance to new "degrees", learn "secrets", and swear to be loyal to one another. This has caused accusations such as of Freemasons forming secret societies and inappropriately promoting the careers and interests of one another.
Another criticism has been by various established religious groups as either openly or indirectly supporting or promoting beliefs contradicting established religion. Such argued non-standard beliefs have included non-orthodox deism, mysticism/occultism and even worship of a "Masonic God" (see Jahbulon). This has may have caused Freemasonry to be avoided by conservatives and favored by some liberals/leftists.
The above characteristics may have contributed to Freemasonry being involved, or alleged to be involved, in many "leftist" conspiracies and revolutions and promoting ideologies such as liberalism. This in particular before communism became an important leftist ideology. The French Revolution is often mentioned example.
Critics of Jewish influence have argued that the "mysteries" of Freemasonry have to some degree been influenced by Kabbalah (partly through Rosicrucianism), that Freemasonry by allowing Jews to be members allowed Jews to gain influence in societies that had historically tried to prevent this through various measures, that several influential Jews have been Freemasons, and that Jews and Freemasons often have had similar aims. This does not necessarily imply an organized conspiracy (see the article on conspiracy theories) but conspiracy allegations have been made (notably in The Protocols of the Elders of Zion). See also Judeo-Masonry.
Freemasonry may have inspired, be associated with, or otherwise has similarities with controversial organizations such as the Illuminati, revolutionary societies such as the Carbonari, and the Jewish B'nai B'rith (which created the Anti-Defamation League).
Origins and Formation of the Brotherhood
The question of the origins of Freemasonry is a multifaceted and often confusing issue. Firstly, because a core element of many degrees of masonry (and paramasonry) which have developed over time, is to weave mythical stories, which have an esoteric, but not always historically factual meaning. For instance the story of the origin in the Knights Templar, which was invented by the Jacobite emigre Andrew Michael Ramsay, has been a popular tale since the 18th century. Another problem, is that Freemasonry has become a focus for various strands of European Occultism and political agendas, which may not have been entirely it's creation, but became connected to it as it was the most widely spread fraternal organisation outside of the Church in Europe: the Rosicrucians, the Martinists, the Illuminati, the Carbonari, the Thelemites, various Kabbalists and Hermeticists are examples of this. Most of these ideas derive, in some way or another, from the broader cultural revolution of Renaissance humanism.
It is held that Freemasonry developed in Scotland, moving from an operative stonemason guild, to the speculative esoteric fraternity in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. The oldest lodge in the world is said to be the Lodge Mother Kilwinning, connected to the old Kilwinning Abbey in Ayrshire. The Schaw Statues of 1589-99 given to William Schaw, the Master of Works, by king James VI Stewart is perhaps the most significant document in regards to this early development. Various non-stonemasons; gentry, architects, academics, tradesmen, philosophers; began to join the lodges in the early 17th century to gain admission to their "mysteries". The system was present in England by 1646, as Elias Ashmole is recorded as a member. Gradually (1640-1717), the stonemasons faded and the lodges became solely speculative in nature.
During the tumultuous era of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, the Masonic Lodges were places which bridged political and religious divisions, with Royalists and Parliamentarians involved. Although members had esoteric interests, they also delved into the emerging natural sciences and Baconian philosophical ideas from his New Atlantis. Significantly, some of the founders of the Royal Society in 1662 were masons, particularly those associated with Gersham College, including Robert Moray and Christopher Wren. It cannot be said that freemasonry at this point had an obviously discernible hostility to throne and altar, or that is paved way for the Whiggish coup d'etat of 1688, which was more the forte of organisations such as the Green Ribbon Club. In fact, the period of the Restoration under king Charles II Stuart, saw them have a significant cultural impact on arts and sciences. When James II Stuart fled to France, some of his Jacobite court members were Freemasons and their military diaspora spread lodges to various countries on the Continent.
In London, a group of masons who frequented the Horn Tavern Lodge under the Huguenot emigre John Theophilus Desaguliers (a friend of numerous notables, including the Duke of Richmond) decided to create a central Grand Lodge in 1717. Originally meant to cover just London, it was soon expanded to become the Premier Grand Lodge of England. At the same time that this was happening, on the Continent, the Jacobite Freemasons; French-allied partisans of the Catholic Stuarts; were still active and would be important until the 1740s.[note 2] Indeed the Chevalier Ramsay, tutor to Bonnie Prince Charlie, was the father of the Templar idea in masonry. It was in fear of this and the political intrigues of the day, that the British government issued an edict against "scandalous clubs". The response from London masonry was the pro-Whig, pro-Hanovarian document The Constitutions in 1723, authored by Presbytarian minister James Anderson. This is the form of masonry which would become a marker of supposed bourgeois "respectability" throughout the emerging British Empire; pro-Protestant, Lockean liberalism and loyal to constitutional monarchism.
Lodges Increase and the Age of Revolutions
The 18th century saw many Grand Lodges emerge and a general spread of masonry in both Europe and the colonies (as far away as the Americas and India), particularly with merchant and military diasporas. In England itself, there were a couple of significant schisms. In 1725, the masons in York renamed themselves the Grand Lodge of All England under Dr. Francis Drake. This represented local elites resisting the centralisation of the London oligarchy. Also around this time the Antient Grand Lodge of England was founded, best known for the workings of Laurence Dermott, a Dublin-born Anglican. Some have suggested that there was a Jacobite influence in both, but the issue does not seem to be primary. The latter was recognised by the Grand Lodge of Scotland and the Grand Lodge of Ireland, representing lesser merchants and people from these countries resident in London who were not as well off as the Premier ("Modern") Grand Lodge. As a self-rationalisation, both of these Grand Lodges attempted to claim that they had more ancient esoteric rites. They both eventually united with the Moderns to form the United Grand Lodge of England by 1813.
Meanwhile, in France, despite monarchial hostility, masons were protected by members of the high aristocracy, such as the Duke of Antin, the Count of Clermont and then the Duke of Orléans. Under the direction of the latter, a member of the Jacobin Club and proponent of liberal Anglomania, the Grand Orient of France was created in 1773. Some resisted this change and organised the Grand Lodge of Clermont, which existed until 1799. The Duke of Orléans, bitterly jealous of his cousin, king Louis XVI Bourbon, helped to prepare the groundwork for the Revolution of 1789.[note 3] Masons in Paris, not least Les Neuf Sœurs Lodge (including Benjamin Franklin and Voltaire) influenced French involvement in the American Revolutionary War (though there were masons on both sides), which weakened the domestic economy. Another piece of masonic subtefuge, the Diamond necklace affair of Joseph Balsamo✡ also whipped the people's passions up against Queen Marie Antoinette Lorraine. Tens of thousands were butchered in the Reign of Terror created by these scoundrels; Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, who gave his name to the guillotine, was a mason.
After the fall of Napoleon (1815) many countries expelled freemasonic organisations, including Austria (1795) and Russia (1822).
Through the World Wars to contemporary
The Association maçonnique internationale (English: International Masonic Association) was an international grouping of freemasonic grand lodges which existed from 1921 until 1950. Most of the founding members were associated with Grand Orient freemasonry; the Grand Orient de France, Grand Orient de Belgique, Grande Loge Suisse Alpina, Grand Orient of Italy and Grand Orient of the Netherlands, but it also included the Grand Lodge of France and the "regular" Grand Lodge of New York. The association collapsed in 1950 as the Grande Loge Suisse Alpina moved away from Grand Orient freemasonry to be recognised as regular by the United Grand Lodge of England.
The initiative for the AMS was that of Isaac Reverchon✡ who was the Jewish Grand Master of the Grande Loge Suisse Alpina. He was the secretary for the convening meeting in Geneva on 1921. Its purported aim was to maintain existing relations and extend further ones between world liberal freemasonry. The organisation was strongly anti-national, explicitly calling on freemasons to oppose National Socialism on 6 May 1933 at its Congress of Brussles. Francisco Franco also claimed that the Spanish patriotic politician José Calvo Sotelo had been assassinated in 1936 in "accordance with orders from the Grand Secretary of Freemasonry in Geneva."
Freemasonry is notable for it's religious "tolerance" which, especially since the 19th century, allowed Jews to infiltrate the levers of power in a period when mass consciousness was still deeply suspicious of them. In the Middle Ages they were even excluded from key areas of the economy by the Catholic trade guilds. Before this new tolerance of Jews, they had to go to the trouble of pretending to convert to Christianity, like Benjamin Disraeli,✡ now all they had to do was pretend to believe in a "Supreme Architect of the Universe" to be accepted. Originally this policy was to dissuade fratricidal conflict between Christians of the same race in the British Isles during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, but others, with a broader cosmopolitan agenda then extended this to all peoples. This problem is particularly notable in countries like France, where Jews allied with liberal Freemasons to become the new plutocratic ruling caste, deeply hostile to the French majority: this is mentioned in books like La France Juive by Édouard Drumont.
|“||To succeed in their attack against Christian civilization, the Jews of France had to use deceit, to lie, to disguise themselves as freethinkers. If they had said frankly: "We want to destroy that France of old, so glorious, so beautiful, and replace it with domination by a fistful of Hebrews from many lands," our fathers, less soft than ourselves, would not have let this happen. For a long time [the Jews] kept things vague, working with Freemasonry, hiding behind sonorous words: emancipation, enfranchisement, the struggle against superstition and the prejudices of another age.||”|
|— Édouard Drumont, La France Juive, 1886.|
According to Jesus Christ and the Apostle James, people should never swear, not even by God, heaven, or earth, etc. Freemasons contradict this Christian teaching by involving many oaths in their practices.
The general zeitgeist which led to the foundation of freemasonry, emerged broadly as a consequence of the development of Renaissance humanism and cannot be understood outside of it. This moved the intellectual focus of European cultural life away from the sacral scholasticism of the Middle Ages, towards an idea of "perfecting" man and the physical world, through the application of liberal arts and eventually secular scientism. In a quest to retrieve supposedly "hidden" (occult) knowledge, various schools such as alchemy, neoplatonism, hermeticism, kabbalism and other esoteric movements were revived or incorporated into a new humanistic-syncretic culture. Notable 15th century trail-blazers were the Italian humanist Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and Swiss-German physician Paracelsus.
The origins of Freemasonry are obscure, empirical clarity on the subject is further clouded by the crankish, esoteric stories which the Freemasons themselves have concocted over the years to describe the beginning of their group. Involving variously King Solomon, Pythagoras, Moses, the Essenes, the Culdees, the Druids, the Knights Templar and the Rosslyn Chapel. Regardless, some serious minded historians such as David Stevenson, have traced its origins back to Scotland in the 16th century, influenced heavily by the wider Rosicrucian craze in Europe.
|“||Today's races and classes will disappear owing to the disappearing of space, time, and prejudice. The Eurasian-Negroid race of the future, similar in its outward appearance to the Ancient Egyptians, will replace the diversity of peoples with a diversity of individuals. The main representatives of the brain aristocracy: of capitalism, journalism and the literate are Jews. The superiority of their spirit predestines them to become a main factor of the future nobility.||”|
|— Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, spiritual father of the EU, freemason of the Humanitas Lodge, Vienna.|
|“||After five years of folly and weakness, miscalled politeness, tact, discretion, care for the feeling of others, I am weary of it. I say today: the hell with Christianity, Rationalism, Buddhism, all the lumber of the centuries. I bring you a positive and primaeval fact, Magick by name; and with this I will build me a new Heaven and a new Earth. I want none of your faint approval or faint dispraise; I want blasphemy, murder, rape, revolution, anything, bad or good, but strong.||”|
|— Aleister Crowley, discussing his freemasonic views to Gerald Kelly.|
|“||Lucifer, the Light-bearer! Strange and mysterious name to give to the Spirit of Darkness! Lucifer, the Son of the Morning! Is it he who bears the Light, and with its splendors intolerable blinds feeble, sensual, or selfish Souls? Doubt it not!||”|
|— Albert Pike, re-organiser of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, Morals and Dogma.|
|“|| It was during that period that I became interested in freemasonry.
In the eighteenth century freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A freemason Novikov was exiled to Siberia by a freemason Empress.
I discontinued my work on Freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. The work on freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development.
|— Leo Trotsky,✡ Bolshevik butcher and Red Army terror leader, giving a shout out to the lodge.|
- In no way should the Highland Scots, the Gaels, be blamed for this. It is the Lowland Scots, particularly those of Norman ancestry and feudal baring, who are guilty for spawning Freemasonry (Sinclair, Montgomerie-Seton, Alexander, Cunningham, Murray, Drummond, etc). They are the ones whose names are to be found as leading the lodges in the early days. While this was happening, an active campaign of cultural genocide was being carried out against Highlanders, including through the School Establishment Act 1616 (which called for the "obliteration" of the Gaelic language and their faith, through "learning" and "enlightenment"). Some are more equal than others in such masonic utopias.
- Many lodges across Europe were associated with the Jacobites, including in Spain (1729), Rome (1733), Russia (1740) and elsewhere. The Jacobite masons were especially prominent in France and Sweden (allied with the Hat Party), but they ended up losing control. Pro-Hanovarian masons gained the Grand Lodge of France in 1737, upon which James Francis Edward Stuart asked Pope Clement XII to issue a bull condemning "Hanovarian freemasonry in Catholic Europe." However, partly because of Cardinal André-Hercule de Fleury, the French Chief Minister who supported peace with Robert Walpole's Britain, all freemasonry was condemned in the bull In Eminenti Apostolatus of 1738 (including Catholic Jacobite variations) so that it did not look partisan. The Pope and the Roman Curia may have been further convinced to condemn masonry because of the lodge at Florence, founded in 1733 by British agent, paedophile and member of Walpole's spy-network; Philipp von Stosch. It was headed up by Charles Sackville, Earl of Middlesex, a Protestant and close friend of Frederick Hanover, Prince of Wales. This lodge included subversive individuals such as Tommaso Crudeli, later arrested by the Roman Inquisition.
- Some controversy exists as to the exact nature of the Masonic involvement in the Revolution in France. Various different authors, from broad walks of life such as John Robison, Augustin Barruel, Nesta Webster, René Le Forestier, have payed a particular focus on Masonic involvement, particularly the alleged influence of German-based masonry and the Order of the Illuminati following the Congress of Wilhelmsbad. It is possible that the Illuminati had some level of influence over the Dantonists (they were accused of being part of a "foreign conspiracy" by Robespierre). The wealthy Duke of Orléans, as Grand Master of the Grand Orient de France, certainly funded "revolutionaries" such as Brissot, Barère, Mirabeau, Sieyès, Desmoulins, Danton, Duport, Dumouriez and Marat, but it has always proved difficult to tie Mounier, Lafayette and Robespierre to this. However, this may be similar to the situation with Bolshevism, where denialists pretend it wasn't a Jewish coup by pointing to and hiding behind figures like Stalin to distract from the mainspring of the agenda.
- Harrison 2009, p. 19.
- "Masonic Knights Templar Legends". Stephan Dafoe. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "History of Freemasonry". Jack Buta. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "The History of The Mother Lodge of Scotland - Kilwinning No.0". Lodge Mother Kilwinning. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "The Schaw Statues". The Masonic Trowel. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- Harrison 2009, p. 18.
- "Alphabetical List of Fellows of the Royal Society who were Freemasons" (PDF). Library and Museum of Freemasonry. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "The Royal Society and Freemasonry". Norman McEvoy. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "Sir Robert Moray - Soldier, scientist, spy, freemason and founder of The Royal Society". Dr. Robert Lomas. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "The Life and Times of Sir Christopher Wren". Martin I. McGregor. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
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- "Concise History of the French Regular Freemasonry". Laurent Jaunaux. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- Lachman 2008, p. 51.
- "The Jacobite Tradition". The Freemasons' Guide and Compendium. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- Berman 2013, p. 1.
- "Freemasons in the French Revolution". Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "Cagliostro and the Necklace Affair" (PDF). Pierre Beaudry. Retrieved 2013-12-01.
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- "Jews and Freemasons—a not-so-secret brotherhood". Jewish Magazine. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Jewish)
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- "Statue of Liberty". Phoenix Masonry. Retrieved 2013-12-01. (in Freemasonic)
- "Satan on Our Dollar! The Masonic Seal of America". Jesus is Savior. Retrieved 2013-12-01.
- Harrison, David (2009). The Genesis of Freemasonry. Lewis Masonic Press. ISBN 0853183228.
- Lachman, Gary (2008). Politics and the Occult: The Left, the Right, and the Radically Unseen. Quest Books. ISBN 0835608573.
- Daniel, John (1994). Scarlet and the Beast: A History of the War Between English and French Freemasonry. John Kregel. ISBN 0963507982.
- Berman, Ric (2013). Schism: The Battle That Forged Freemasonry. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 1845196066.
- Pittock, Murray G. H. (2013). Material Culture and Sedition, 1688-1760: Treacherous Objects, Secret Places. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1137278099.
- Freemasonry Watch at FreemasonryWatch.org
- Masonic Library at MasonicLibrary.com (in Freemasonic)
- eBooks at TheMasonicTrowel.com (in Freemasonic)
- Traditionalism, Freemasonry and Anti-Freemasonry at People of Shambhala
- Jews and Freemasons in Europe, 1723-1939 by Jacob Katz (in Jewish)
- The Freemasonic Destruction of Western Civilization by Brian Kennedy
- Struck Down by Occult Forces by Dr. Harrell Rhome
- What is Freemasonry? by the Serbian Orthodox Church
- Historian Brought Freemasons to Heel by Henry Makow
- Freemasonry's Secret Homosexual Agenda by Henry Makow
- The Masonic Foundations of the United States at Watch Unto Prayer
- Prayer of Release for Masons and Descendants at CatholicBooks.net
- Secret Societies by Jaap Kloosterman
- Freemasonry by Arnold Leese
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