UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK banned reporting of his arrest, denied him a lawyer, and is trying to have him assassinated in prison. Regardless of how you feel about his views, this is a totalitarian government.

Tommy Robinson isn't the first to that the UK has jailed after a secret trial. Melanie Shaw tried to expose child abuse in a Nottinghamshire kids home -- it wasn't foreigners doing the molesting, but many members of the UK's parliament. The government kidnapped her child and permanently took it away. Police from 3 forces have treated her like a terrorist and themselves broken the law. Police even constantly come by to rob her phone and money. She was tried in a case so secret the court staff had no knowledge of it. Her lawyer, like Tommy's, wasn't present. She has been held for over 2 years in Peterborough Prison. read, read

Freemasonry in France

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Freemasonry in France has been influential on the worldwide Masonic movement due to its founding of Continental Freemasonry.[1]

There are many and varied Masonic rites and obediences in France. The main male-only masonic organisations are the Grand Orient de France, the Grande Loge de France and the Grande Loge Nationale Française, the main female-only organisation is the Women's Grand Lodge Of France, and the main mixed organisation is the Le Droit Humain. Other organisations exist such as the Felicitaries.

History

Obediences

Critiques and scandals

In the 18th century, the Pope banned Freemasonry, for reasons linked to the situation in Tuscany that were more political than religious[2] The relevant bull, Eminenti Apostolatus Specula was not however registered by the parliament of Paris and was never enacted in France. At the end of the 19th century, in the struggle between the French Republic and the Catholic Church, Freemasonry and its then-powerful networks definitively backed the state, leading to the Affaire Des Fiches, and even came to be called "the church of the Republic".[3]


References

  1. Grand Orient de France
  2. (Dachez 2003, p. 52)
  3. (D. Ligou et al. 2000, p. 89-95)

Grand Orient Arabe Oecuménique[1]

Bibliography

Works used in this article

  • Dachez, Roger (2003). Histoire de la franc-maçonnerie française. Que sais-je?. PUF. ISBN 2-13-053539-9. 
  • la présente éd. a été réalisée sous la présidence de Peter. F. Baumberger (1992). article « Franc-maçonnerie ». 9. Encyclopédie Universalis. ISBN 2-85229-287-4.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Naudon, Paul (1981). Histoire générale de la franc-maçonnerie. PUF. ISBN 2-13-037281-3. 
  • Franc-maçonnerie, avenir d'une tradition. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Tours. 1997. ISBN 2-84099-061-X. 
  • sous la direction de Daniel Ligou.; et al. (2000). Histoire des Francs-Maçons en France. 1. private publisher. ISBN 2-7089-6838-6.  Unknown parameter |author-separator= ignored (help)
  • sous la direction de Daniel Ligou.; et al. (2000). Histoire des Francs-Maçons en France. 2. private publisher. ISBN 2-7089-6839-4.  Unknown parameter |author-separator= ignored (help)
  • Garibal, Gilbert (1994). Être franc-maçon aujourd'hui. 2. Marabout. ISBN 2-501-02029-4. 
  • <Please add first missing authors to populate metadata.> (1997). "Les francs-maçons". Historia. 48. ISSN 0018-2281. 
  • <Please add first missing authors to populate metadata.> (2001). "Les francs-maçons". L'Histoire. 256. ISSN 0182-2411. 

Documentaries

  • "Grand Orient les frères invisibles" - script by Alain Moreau, directed by Patrick Cabouat, produced by France 5 / Program 33.

Other authorities in this area