Fracking or Hydraulic fracturing (also hydrofracturing, hydrofracking, fracking or fraccing), is a way to continue to get oil out of areas in the earth where oil is hard to get. Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking”, is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture shale rocks to release natural gas inside . It destroys the environment immensely, but it lowers gas prices. Fracking also causes earthquakes, such as in Kansas.. It contaminates the water supply.
There are more than 500,000 active natural gas wells in the US.
It re-opened a 300 million year old fault in Oklahoma. Oklahoma's government stayed quiet to appease the petroleum industry. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) has confirmed the earthquakes are caused by fracking. The Oklahoma Supreme Court says homeowners can sue the oil companies though. Oklahoma has about 40 earthquakes each week.
Fracking also creates boom and bust towns, such as in North Dakota where people go there for jobs. A lot of buiildings and businesses are build around it. Then the oil is sucked out and towns end up with the whole populace out of work, and the town becoming a ghost town.
When California has a drought, the oil companies are immune from water restrictions for use in fracking. Fracking also pollutes California's water, making even less clean water available. Farmers near Bakersfield, California are using the toxic water to water their crops.
A toxic chemical used in fracking, 2-Butoxyethanol or 2BE, known to have caused tumors in rodents, has shown up as a white foam in the drinking water of Pennsylvania homeowners. Texas also has contaminated water supplies.
- Texas drinking water makes pipes and plumbing radioactive