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Burkina Faso

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Flag of Burkina Faso
Coat of arms of Burkina Faso
Coat of arms
Motto: "Unité-Progrès-Justice"
("Unity, Progress, Justice")
Anthem: Une Seule Nuit  (French)
One Single Night – Thomas Sankara
Location of  Burkina Faso  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Burkina Faso  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
Official languages French
Recognised regional languages Mòoré, Dioula (Bambara)
Demonym Burkinabé (also Burkinabè and Burkinabe)
Government Semi-presidential republic
Blaise Compaoré
Luc-Adolphe Tiao
• from France
5 August 1960
• Total
274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi) (74th)
• Water (%)
0.146 %
• 2010 estimate
15,730,977[1] (61st)
• 2006 census
• Density
57.4/km2 (148.7/sq mi) (145th)
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$19.992 billion[2]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
• Total
$8.781 billion[2]
• Per capita
Gini (2007) 39.5[3]
Error: Invalid Gini value
HDI (2007) Increase 0.389
Error: Invalid HDI value · 177th
Currency West African CFA franc[4] (XOF)
Time zone (UTC+0)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC)
Drives on the right
Calling code 226
ISO 3166 code BF
Internet TLD .bf
  1. The data here is an estimation for the year 2005 produced by the International Monetary Fund in April 2005.

Burkina Faso also known by its short-form name Burkina, is a landlocked nation in West Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the south west. Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, it was renamed on August 4, 1984, by President Thomas Sankara to mean "the land of upright people" in Moré and Dioula, the major native languages of the country. Literally, "Burkina" may be translated, "men of integrity," from the Moré language, and "Faso" means "father's house" in Dioula. The inhabitants of Burkina Faso are known as Burkinabé.

Burkina Faso's capital is Ouagadougou. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the country underwent many governmental changes until arriving at its current form, a semi-presidential republic. The president is Blaise Compaoré.


  1. INSD Burkina Faso (in French)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Burkina Faso". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  3. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  4. CFA Franc BCEAO. Codes: XOF / 952 ISO 4217 currency names and code elements. ISO. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burkina Faso, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.