UK arrested Tommy Robinson for reporting child-rape gangs that the government caters to. The UK began forbidding journalists from reporting on the child-rape gangs and now forbids them from reporting on Tommy's arrest. The judge in the case said Tommy'd be assassinated in prison, then imprisoned him for years.
(Rightpedia is not necessarily endorsing Tommy's views, only criticizing the UK government.)
Musa I of Mali • Idi Amin • Marcus Garvey • Alek Wek • Oluchi Onweagba • Ajuma Nasenyana • Usain Bolt • Shaka • Pelé
Subsaharan Africans have multiple racial groups. North Africans such as Egyptians are not south of the Sahara and so are not included in this--they are the Mediterranean race who migrated south from Europe thousands of years ago, although today with human migration there has been a lot of northward migration. Another big African migration happened a couple hundred years ago in South Africa where the native Khoisan were replaced by people native to the Congo who Jewish and white settlers brought in for cheap labor.
The main Subsaharan African groups are:
- West Africa and most of Africa -- The Congoid (aka Negroid) originated along the Gold Coast and within the Congo basin and have since spread mainly eastwards and then southwards, driving the Capoid peoples from their originally wider area of distribution in Eastern Africa, southwards and eventually leaving them only that Kalahari Dessert. The Congoids tend to be of medium height, muscular, very darkly pigmented, curly haired, and with classic Negro features; broad flat noses, projecting jaws (prognathy) with receding chins; large mouths and thick lips. This group is what most people think of as Sub-Saharan African because this group far outnumbers the other groups in Africa and its population is growing far more than any other ethnic group in the world. They speak the Niger-Congo languages. The other groups do not have square jaws like this group.
- North East Africa -- Nilotid originated in North East Africa, where they remain, where there was genetic contact with Hamitic and Semitic peoples. They are in effect a mixed racial group, often with a more European head shape. They are leaner in terms of physique and sometimes very tall (like the Masai). This group has a bit of neanderthal DNA mixed in, usually up to 1%. The Habesha peoples living around the Horn of Africa, who are perceived by many as Black Africans, have some Hamitic admixture; particularly in parts of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia.
- Southern and Eastern -- The Capoid/Khoisan/Hottentot peoples once occupied a large swathe of Eastern and Southern Africa. They are physically smaller than the Congoids and Nilotids, they have smaller jaws, more prominent cheek bones and often have epicanthic folds over the eyes like Mongoloids. They also have shovel-teeth like Mongoloids. Their skin colour is a lighter, somewhat yellowish brown; their hair often grows in curly tufts. The Capoids in their pure form, have been pushed back into the Kalahari Dessert, where they persist as the San Bushmen of the Kalahari, although they have mixed with the Capoid invaders to produce an intermediate group, the Bantus, that still inhabit much of South Africa and include tribes such as the Zulu and Xhosa. Nelson Mandela was a Xhosa and showed a mix of both Capoid and Congoid features. The Capoids are far less common than the Congoids and are dying out and mixing with them.
- Central Africa has Pygmies but these are very rare.
Blacks are typically thought of as being the West African group because those were the ones brought to the Americas as slaves. The Arab slave trade brought far more slaves than the Trans-Atlantic slave trade did, but there are no big populations descended from this because the Arabs brought slaves from North East Africa and then chopped the penises and testicles off of males (most died) and killed all children of the women (which the Arabs raped). The Arabs also captured the slaves themselves unlike the Jewish and white slavers who bought slaves from other Africans.
While the average IQ of Subsaharan Africans is very low, the average IQ of Ashkenazi Jews and East Asians is below 110 so a Subsaharan African with a high IQ can be smarter than the average "I believe the mainstream media" person. There have been occasional remarkable Black African figures such as Marcus Garvey and Ben Carson, however, the popular public figures tend be frivolous bread and circus showmen; athletes, rap and jazz "musicians". This is because the Communist Jews who control the mass media do not like blacks, they only pretend to in order to use them. The ZOG establishment of course didn't like Marcus Garvey however they liked Martin Luther King because he was a Communist. As for intelligence differences, the basic thing is that people adapted to Subsaharan Africa which favored certain traits. In the 18th century, before modern technology such as vaccines and gasoline-powered transportation, the average survival rate of a white person in Subsaharan Africa was 11 months. This was from disease mainly, but also dangerous animals. Subsaharan Africa is warm which allows diseases to survive more easily.
- 1 Racial Origins
- 2 Physical Characteristics
- 3 Technology and Food
- 4 Subsaharan African Intelligence
- 5 Behavior
- 6 Gallery
- 7 Videos
- 8 See also
- 9 References
West Africans are a recent evolution
A common politically-correct myth is that all other races have evolved from modern Subsaharan Africans. While this is supposed to be a Communist way of sucking up to Subsaharan Africans, it actually tells them "you did not evolve". In reality, West Africans are in fact a recent evolution of the African Pygmy population that took place merely a few thousand years ago. This newly evolved population vastly grew in number and migrated across Africa.
Anthropologist Peter Frost (1999) explains in an email that:
"True Black Africans appear as a recent adaptive radiation in the above dendrograms, apparently branching off from an ancestral Pygmy population — a line of ancestry also indicated by osteological data (Coon 1962:651-656; Watson et al. 1996). This radiation seems to have occurred somewhere in West Africa. Before the Bantu expansion about 3,000 years ago, true Black Africans were absent from the continent's central, eastern, and southern regions (Cavalli-Sforza 1986:361-362; Oliver 1966). They were also absent from the middle Nile until about 4,000 years ago, at which time they begin to appear in paintings from Pharaonic Egypt and in skeletal remains from Nubia".
A scientist found a 13,000-year-old skull from a cave in West Africa that has extremely primitive features. Of course such people no longer live in Africa but this suggests that they did about 11,000 BC. Such a people were likely killed off by more advanced tribes. This shows a history of evolution in Subsaharan Africa where the current people are the most advanced and more primitive tribes were killed off (as is the norm in all of human history).
West Africans have higher intelligences than the native South Africans khoisan/capoid, of which they had killed almost all of them off when white settlers arrived in South Africa several hundred years ago. West Africans also have higher intelligence than the African pygmies. Their genocide of the native South Africans and more primitive tribes shows a pattern of their evolution. A small group that was the most fit to survive in Subsaharan Africa evolved and the strong survived while the weak perished. This pattern is repeated in nature. When two wolf packs arrive in the same area, they will fight until only one remains.
Genetic studies found the Y-DNA ancestry of some of the people in West Africa split from the rest of humans 338,000 years ago, making it the oldest split known at the time (2013).
The oldest proto-Negroid skull is from Nigeria (Iwo Eleru) and no older than 11200 ± 200 BP. Negroid in this article refers to West African ancestry and not Subsaharan African in general. Asselar Man is the oldest Negro in modern form, at only 6500 B.P. (Camp, 1974).
There is evidence of interbreeding between chimps and bonobos with some humans in Africa 20,000 to 50,000 years ago, long after some modern humans had walked out of Africa to colonize Asia and Europe. There also is evidence that people in African in the past mated with mystery proto-humans--not the Neanderthal, denisovian, or proto-humans in Eurasia--but proto-humans native to Africa.
Plus, when population geneticist David Reich✡ and his colleagues at the Broad Institute in Boston sequenced tens of thousands of random snippets of DNA from bonobos and chimps, then compared these to the matching sequences of the complete chimp and human genomes, they found to their surprise surprise bonobos or chimps proved to be more closely related to humans than to each other. Chimps and bonobos were separated by a large river and that is how they became different species over a million years of genetic mutations.
A recent article of interest (new findings are challenging the Out of Africa theory):
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2011; 55(4) : 295–296 Guest Editorial DO YORUBAS HAVE AN ORIGIN DIFFERENT FROM OTHER AFRICANS ?
"When in 2002 Michael Brunet of the University of Poitiers announced his discovery of Sahelanthropus tchadensis, the oldest yet hominid fossil, the conventional theory of evolution was somewhat challenged (1). First of all, this fossil had been unearthed in the West African nation of Chad, not in the East African rift valley where the cradle of mankind had been thought to be (1). Secondly, the 7 million year old fossil showed more modern features than some much younger fossils, suggesting multiple species of hominids had existed, overlapping in time, and so human evolution might not have occurred in neat stages, each stage following the next before it (1). The idea began to gain ground among some anthropologists that the different species of men evolved independently in strains similar but totally independent of each other (1). This suggests that there are multiple species of men, just like there are multiple species of apes, penguins, dogs, bees and finches. Man was no exception to Nature’s way of creating varieties of each kind of creature (1). In a sense, this idea is not entirely new. Anthropologists have always divided and subdivided the human race. The white race has subdivisions such as the Nordic and Alpine. Even the first European explorers to Africa could tell there was a difference between the tall Masai of East Africa, the short Pygmy of Central Africa and the Khoisan of Southern Africa, who like the Chinese had an epicanthic fold over his eye. Do the Yorubas who presently live in Western Nigeria have a different origin from other Negroes ? Certain evolutionary developments have been observed in Yorubas which are not taking place in other black Africans. These developments include mutations in genes controlling mannose, and hair formation and patterning (Keratin cluster near 17q12 and FLD6). Apart from this, it had long been noticed that the Yorubas have the highest incidence of dizygotic twins among all the people of the earth (2). As if these were not enough, Yorubas suffer from a peculiar type of sickle cell trait, different from the type of sickle cell trait that affects other native Africans (3)."
Immediately recognised as uniformly dark skinned, however albinism is more common Subsaharan Africans than any other group. Black albinos often have blonde and red hair. Subsaharan Africans are also distinguishable through their crania and post crania, as well as hair texture.
Some people from subsaharan africa such as Nelson Mandela, do not have the defining features such as the jaw and they also have Mongoloid eyes--these are khoisan (aka. capoid). Mandela is half khoisan, half west african.
West Africans have strong alveolar prognathism. Prognathism or a protruding jaw mainly seen in apes; neanderthals have it as well. A prognathic jaw is needed if the teeth are large and West Africans have large teeth. Neanderthals had large teeth too. Plus, prognathism is an advantage in fighting as it permits a bigger bite. West Africans also have a very pronounced palate shape. The palate shape refers to the roof of the mouth, separating the cavities of the nose and the mouth in vertebrates. Vertebrates are animals with a backbone or spinal column, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
Modern forensic anthropologists recognise a nasal guttering or absent nasal spine as a diagnostic West African trait. The West African mandible ramus is also low and wide. Subsaharan Africans also have a distinct mandible. The West African mandible has a low, wide ramus. Camper gives the facial angle as 70° for the West African.
It has also been noted that different muscles in the West African facial pattern. Their facial muscles tend to be lithe, flexible, and their muscles excel in short, rapid bursts of muscle-induced speed. Their facial muscles however lack the ability of full use or development of the platysma, the expression-creating facial muscle.
A notch observed in the Subsaharan African sacral vertebrae, is "characteristic of pongids [apes]” but absent or far less pronounced in the other races (Baker, 1974).
West African hands are also larger and longer than all other races (Hunt, 1864). The heel bone projects more in West Africans and differs in length, breadth, shape, and position, giving West Africans a greater ability to sprint and jump (Johnston, 1910). However denser bones make Subsaharan Africans less capable swimmers and are two and a half times more like to drown.
Different parts of Africa have people better at sprinting and other parts are better at long distance running. Part of it relates to the ACTN3 gene. The alpha-actinin-3 protein is only found in certain types of fast-twitch muscle fibers. Less of this protein is helpful for sprinter while more of this protein is helpful for endurance running. The gene variant, called R577X, leads to a lack of functional alpha-actinin-3 protein which makes one a sprinter. People in Subsaharan Africa more likely have genetics toward long distance running.
Subsaharan Africans have a distinctive odor. As noted by John Baker in his book Race, Subsaharan Africans perspire more and urinate less. Samples taken from Subsaharan African skin revealed it to contain urea. This helped them to remain cool in the hot African environment since the water normally put in urine would be put in sweat. The stench while bad in modern society would likely deter the many predators in Africa.
Subsaharan Africans have narrower hips than Eurasians, which allows them to be better runners, however this makes childbirth more difficult for women. The their term of pregnancies are also shorter. Their young spend less time as babies (a longer the period is linked with higher intelligence) and are more coordinated earlier in life. Their bodies reach sexual maturity earlier. They also produce more sex hormones than the other races, which affects their behavior.
Subsaharan Africans are also the most fertile race, beating out even the extremely fertile mestizo. Black women have the shortest menstrual cycles and often produce two eggs in a single cycle, which makes them more fertile. Black young physically mature the fastest. Blacks also are the most sexually active among married couples
|Rate of two egg twins|
|Mongoloid||less then 4 in every 1000 births|
|European||8 in every 1000 births|
|Subsaharan African||more than 16 in every 1000 births|
|Sexual activity later in life of married couples|
|Mongoloid||1-4 times per week|
|European||2-4 times per week|
|Subsaharan African||3-10 times per week|
While Subsaharan African females have large posteriors, as described in Race, Evolution and Behavior, they have narrower hips than other races. It depends on the tribe of course, as the Hottentot have the largest of all as seen in this photo.
Higher bone density and swimming
Subsaharan Africans have difficulty swimming. This is because their bone density is greater than other races. In the television series Terminator: Sarah Connor Chronicles, one episode revealed that the cyborgs known as terminators (besides the shapeshifting ones that is) cannot float because the metal that makes up their skeleton is too heavy. While the non-shape-shifting terminators were incredibly tough and able to withstand bullets, this made them too heavy to swim. As for humans swimming, the human body has what is termed buoyancy, which makes them lighter than water. Fred Lanoue, swimming coach at Georgia Institute of Technology from 1936 to 1964, did measurements of human buoyancy. He found that usually women are more buoyant than men and people become more buoyant with age. He also found that white people have some positive buoyancy, but about a third of young black males had negative buoyancy. Negative buoyancy means heavier than water. Black males have been swimmers though, even competiting in the Olympic Games as swimmers.
The hair texture of Subsaharan African is wooly (ulotrichous), and barring albinism, the color is always black. It cannot grow more than a few inches, unless it is braided or twisted. Subsaharan Africans are notorious altering their hair from its natural state. This includes artificially straighten their hair texture while wigs are also very commonly purchased. Also a common trend among Subsaharan African males is to shave their heads very short. The African American comedian Chris Rock has even made a film about the phenomenon, called “Good Hair” which revealed that his community per individual spends $5,000 to get fake straight hair and that the industry is worth $9 billion a year in America alone.
Hollywood, BBC and other Communist Jew controlled mass media like to put blacks on television and in films, even blackwashing to replace white characters with blacks (although they do it with other races too). However this Jewish-run anti-white media almost always has blacks with hair altered from their natural hair color. If they actually liked blacks, they would present them with their natural hair.
A comparison to black people often changing their hair is how white people are always tanning even though their natural paleness looks better than the tanned look. Some people even use an orange spray-tan such as Donald Trump. In both cases, it is society telling people to hate a natural feature of themselves. In the case of white people, it is other white people (not nonwhites) attacking white people who don't tan.
Technology and Food
The Subsaharan Africa had a gap of several thousand years behind Eurasia. This was due to survival factors such as disease being preventing technological development. People of Subsaharan African descent living in white countries often are more successful because of better opportunities.
Traditional black cuisine is characterized by use of starch as a focus, accompanied by stew containing meat or vegetables, or both. Cassava and yams are the main root vegetables. Blacks also use steamed greens with hot spices. Dishes of steamed or boiled green vegetables, peas, beans and cereals, starchy cassava, yams and sweet potatoes are widely consumed. In each African locality, there are numerous wild fruits and vegetables which are used as food. Watermelon, banana and plantain are some of the more familiar fruits. The watermelon is native to Africa, although the original plant was very small and seeds were big. Bananas came from breeding plantains which came from Southeast Asia.
Sub-Saharan African inventions are as follows: The Nigerian Scam, Jenkem, and Necklacing. Inventions by Sub-Saharan Africans that however occurred outside of Africa are: The Knockout Game and crack cocaine. Peanut butter was actually created by the Aztecs and the African American inventor of it simply modified the formula slightly.
Subsaharan African Intelligence
Average black IQs have been measured in the 60s and 70s in Africa, rising to 85 for black-Americans (who are 20%-white by ancestry). The average IQ in Europe is 100.
East Africans tend to have the highest IQs, then West Africans, then native South Africans (capoid/khoisan), and then finaly the pygmies. The only major racial-grouping with a tested lower IQ is the Australoid race. Evolutionary theory, whether advocating the politically-correct "Out of Africa" theory or a Multi-Regional Origin theory, has given rise to the hypothesis that the lower intelligence of racial groups to other races is primarily due to the lack of exposure to ice ages with their cold climates, limiting adaption to a higher intellect.
Around the Later Stone Age (around 30,000 BC) Subsaharan Africans had a significantly higher cranial capacity (brain size) than they do today. This indicates that in the past, these populations were more intelligent, but the survival conditions in Subsaharan Africa selected against intelligence. The main death factor there historically has been disease and so having the most children would give the biggest advantage. Babies with larger brains and hence skulls cause a more difficult childbirth because they don't fit out as well. Before modern medicine, women of all races died in childbirth very frequently.
The mean cranial capacity of the skulls of Europeans is 87 in³ (1,425 cm³), while that of Subsaharan Africans is 78 in³ (1,278 cm³). Based on the measurement of 144 skulls of American Indians, the report figure is 82 in³ (1,344 cm³).
The thickness of the supragranular layer (the outside layer) of the Subsaharan African brain is about 15 percent thinner, and its convolutions are fewer and more simple, on average, than that of the European brain.
The frontal lobes of the Subsaharan African brain, responsible for abstract conceptional reasoning, are smaller relative to body weight, less fissured, and less complex than those of the European brain.
Prominent Scientists Speak
Professor Emeritus Tatu Vanhanen remarked in an interview with Kuukausiliite, a monthly magazine supplement of Helsingin Sanomat, that black poverty is not the fault of Europe or the USA. "Whereas the average IQ of Finns is 97, in Africa it is between 60 and 70. Differences in intelligence are the most significant factor in explaining poverty," Vanhanen said in July 2007.
Nobel Prize winning biologist James Watson sparked uproar when he said that he was "inherently gloomy about the prospect of Africa" because "all our social policies are based on the fact that their intelligence is the same as ours - whereas all the testing says not really."
Often citied by race and crime studies are black violence, lack of impulse control, and criminal behavior, but these are not the chief feature of blacks since when raised in a civilized society, at least 80% are nonviolent. The chief feature of a person of Subsaharan Africa is torturing with noise. Like with murder, any race has members of its population that do it, it just varies. However for blacks (and mestizos), 100% of their population tortures with noise guaranteed every chance they get. They do to their neighbors, even while they're all asleep by either leaving man-sized speakers going or by getting animals that make noise all night. They do it to people who hear their vehicles go by. They will amass somewhere away from home and do it to everyone near them. It is a 100% guarantee that blacks and mestizos will always torture with noise as much as they can. There is no other behavior so defining of these two races, so guaranteed of them, than this. News reports and statistical studies will focus on crime, but anyone who has lived by them will know the majority are not doing violence or crime, instead they are just making a whole lot of noise. The majority of blacks one will come across will avoid violence whenever they can, generally try to be moral, and want to avoid going to prison and their sole vice is being very noisy.
Blacks are the most likely race to commit crimes. According to the US Justice Department, one in every four black males between the ages of 20 and 29 are currently in prison, probation or parole. While consisting of only 12% of the population of the United States, blacks commit more than half of all rapes and robberies and 60% of all murders. The reasons for this are several. Firstly there is IQ. The closer an IQ is to 85, the more likely someone is to commit crimes. IQs lower than 85 decrease crime rates just like those higher. However up until the early 20th century, blacks were not doing a lot of crime. This is because Communists (especially Communist Jews) destroyed black society. They brought a certain type of welfare state that paid women to divorce their husbands. It is statistically shown that the rate of divorce is directly proportional to the rate of property crime. (While divorce through a Cultural Marxist country's crooked family courts is a property crime itself against men, this aspect was not counted in the studies.) Children of all races who are raised without a married father and mother are far more likely to to various things such as fail at life (eg. be a furry), commit crime, and have a bad marriage themselves. There is also the gangster culture and drugs that the zio-media pushes. In the early 20th century, black neighborhoods were not full of drugs, gangs, and crime. The welfare state has only hurt black people; from it 66% of black children are born out of wedlock and 46% of inner city black men between the ages of 16 and 62 are unemployed.
In South Africa alone, 30,000 babies are raped every year by black males, causing the BBC to remark; "Rape statistics from South Africa are so shocking as to be almost unbelievable - women's rights activists say one South African is raped every 26 seconds."
A Cornell University study on race and tipping has shown that blacks tip significantly less than whites. The other races tipped similarly to whites however Jews--reputed to tip the least of all races--were not included in the study.
- Boat accident at Lampedusa, 2013
- Imperial Negros
- Jewish manipulation of Black Africans
- Jews and the transatlantic slave trade
- X/A ratio
- Note that the Keita dynasty of the Malian Empire claimed to descend from Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi, a freed Ethiopian slave. Though it is likely that they interbred with Congoids.
- "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". United Nations Statistics Division. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. "The designation sub-Saharan Africa is commonly used to indicate all of Africa except northern Africa, with the Sudan included in sub-Saharan Africa."
- 'Race' by John R Baker
- The Truth About Slavery: Past, Present and Future by Stefan Molyneux
- Peter Frost on Negroid Origins
- A Dictionary of Archaeology, edited by Ian Shaw.
- Early Africans mated with mystery species of humans
- Reich is a Jewish surname https://www.houseofnames.com/reich-history/Jewish and if you see his photo, he is clearly of Jewish ancestry.
- Gill, George W. 1986. "Craniofacial Criteria in Forensic Identification." In Forensic Osteology: Advances in the identification of Human Remains. Reichs, KI(ed.). pp. 143- 159. Springfield: Charles C.
- Bass, William M. 1995. Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual. Columbia: Missouri Archaeological Society, Inc.
- Gill, George W. 1998. "Craniofacial Criteria in the Skeletal Attribution of Race. " In Forensic Osteology: Advances in the Identification of Human Remains. (2nd edition) Reichs, Kathleen l(ed.), pp.293-315.
- Ubelaker, Douglas H. 1989. Human Skeletal Remains: Excavation, Analysis and Interpretation. Washington: Taraxacum.
- Krogman, Wilton Marion and Mehmet Yascar Iscan 1986. The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine. Springfield: Charles C.Thomas.
- WM Krogman (The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine) Negroid: Rounded, projecting glabella; sagittal plateau; rounded forehead, prognathism; rounded occiput. Compared to Caucasoid: Depressed glabella; rounded or arched sagittal contour; steep forehead; orthognathism; variable occiput. S Rhine ("Non-metric skull racing") Negroid: Slight depression of nasion; vertical zygomatic arches; prognathism; receding, vertical chin; straight mandibular edge. Compared to Caucasoid: Depression of nasion; retreating zygomatic arches; orthognathism; prominent, bilobate chin; wavy mandibular edge.
- "On the Negro's Place in Nature" by James Hunt (Anthropological Society of London, 1864). 
- W. Montague Cobb. (1942). "Physical Anthropology of the Negro," American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 24. no. 2. pp. 113-93.
- Potgieter, D.J., ed. (1970). Standard Encyclopaedia of Southern Africa. 1. NASOU. pp. 460. http://books.google.ca/books?id=HTzjAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved July 7, 2012. </noinclude>
- Baker, John R. (1974). "The 'Hottentot Venus'". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2006-06-26.
- Baker, John R. (1974). Race. Oxford University Press.
- ("Black children are 2½ times more likely to drown than white kids", Park, D., Chicago Sun Times, June 22, 2007)
- Race, Evolution and Behavior stated early in Race, Evolution and Behavior - abridged Audiobook
- Race, Evolution and Behavior quoted in Race, Evolution and Behavior - abridged Audiobook at 24 minutes
- Eric Moussambani OLYMPIC 2000 SYDNEY SWIMMING (HIGH QUALITY) at 33 seconds
- (Hunt, 1864) "It [Subsaharan African hair] is rarely more than three inches long and, generally not nearly so long.", The Negro's Place in Nature: A Paper Read Before the London Anthropological Society.
- Black Invention Myths
- [http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/110503823/abstract Henneberg, M. and Steyn, M. (May 27, 2005, Online). Trends in cranial capacity and cranial index in Subsaharan Africa during the Holocene. American Journal of Human Biology, 5(4):473-479.
- Crania Americana by Samuel George Morton, based on survey of hundreds of skulls.
- These were from Stefan Molyneux's videos somewhere probably The Truth About Crime