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Alabama

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State of Alabama
Flag of Alabama State seal of Alabama
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Yellowhammer State; Heart of Dixie; Cotton State
Motto(s): Audemus jura nostra defendere (Latin)
Map of the United States with Alabama highlighted
Official language English
Spoken languages English (96.17%)
Spanish (2.12%)
Demonym Alabamian
Capital Montgomery
Largest city Birmingham
212,237 (2010 census)
Largest metro Greater Birmingham Area
Area Ranked 30th
 • Total 52,419 sq mi
(135,765 km2)
 • Width 190 miles (305 km)
 • Length 330 miles (531 km)
 • % water 3.20
 • Latitude 30° 11′ N to 35° N
 • Longitude 84° 53′ W to 88° 28′ W
Population Ranked 23rd
 • Total 4,779,736 (2010)
4,447,100 (2000)
 • Density 84.83/sq mi  (33.84/km2)
Ranked 27th
Elevation
 • Highest point Mount Cheaha
2,413 ft (735 m)
 • Mean 499 ft  (152 m)
 • Lowest point Gulf of Mexico
sea level
Before statehood Alabama Territory
Admission to Union December 14, 1819 (22nd)
Governor Robert J. Bentley (R)
Lieutenant Governor Kay Ivey (R)
Legislature Alabama Legislature
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Richard Shelby (R)
Jeff Sessions (R)
U.S. House delegation 6 Republicans, 1 Democrat (list)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/DST-5
ISO 3166 US-AL
Abbreviations AL, Ala.
Website www.alabama.gov
Alabama State Symbols
Flag of Alabama.svg.png
The Flag of Alabama.

Animate insignia
Amphibian Red Hills salamander
Bird(s) Yellowhammer, Wild Turkey
Butterfly Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Fish Largemouth bass, Fighting tarpon
Flower(s) Camellia, Oak-leaf Hydrangea
Insect Monarch Butterfly
Mammal(s) American Black Bear, Racking horse
Reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle
Tree Longleaf Pine

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Conecuh Ridge Whiskey
Colors Red, White
Dance Square Dance
Food Pecan, Blackberry, Peach
Fossil Basilosaurus
Gemstone Star Blue Quartz
Mineral Hematite
Rock Marble
Shell Johnstone's Junonia
Slogan(s) Share The Wonder,
Alabama the beautiful,
Where America finds its voice,
Sweet Home Alabama
Soil Bama
Song(s) Alabama (song)

Route marker(s)
Alabama Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Alabama
Released in 2003

Lists of United States state insignia

The State of Alabama, is located in the southern region of the United States of America. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its inland waterways. The state ranks 23rd in population with almost 4.6 million residents in 2006.[1] Alabama ranks first alphabetically, just ahead of Alaska.

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many Southern States, suffered economic hardship, in part because of continued dependence on agriculture. In the years following the war, Alabama experienced significant recovery as the economy of the state transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy manufacturing, mineral extraction, education, and high technology. Today, the state is heavily invested in aerospace, education, health care, and banking, and various heavy industries including automobile manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel production and fabrication.

Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, which is also the name of the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie". The state tree is the Longleaf Pine, the state flower is the Camellia. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, and the largest city by population is Birmingham. The largest city by total land area is Huntsville.

  1. census.gov "Alabama Quick Facts" Check |url= value (help). State and County Quick Facts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-09-08. 
Part of this article consists of modified text from Metapedia, page http:en.metapedia.org/wiki/Alabama and/or Wikipedia, page http:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alabama, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.