2 August 1934 – 30 April 1945
|Preceded by||Paul von Hindenburg (as President)|
|Succeeded by||Karl Dönitz (as President)|
|Chancellor of Germany|
30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945
|Preceded by||Kurt von Schleicher|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Goebbels|
20 April 1889|
Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary
30 April 1945 (aged 56)|
Berlin, Germany (claimed)
German Workers' Party (1920–1921)|
|Occupation||politician, soldier, artist, writer|
|Known for||His distinctive mustache as well as first and last name which people avoided getting after WWII; being constantly brought up everywhere: films, television, comics, comparing people to him, internet memes like those "Hitler reacts" videos, old WWII Allied propaganda posters like "If you ride alone, you ride with Hitler"; fighting in WWII; his views on Jews; National Socialism, Sieg Heil (Hitler Salute); concentration camps; who white people think about when they're self-hating; why Germany pays billions a year to Israel|
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary – 30 April 1945, Berlin, Germany) was an Austrian politician who became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then Führer from 1934 to 1945. He led the National Socialist German Workers Party and created the Third Reich. Since WWII, he has been the most famous man in the world.
The mainstream narrative is that the German government while he was in power genocided at least 5.5 million Jews as well as even more gentile civilians. Officially, then also Stalin killed an estimated 20-30 million and the USSR killed close to one hundred million. The reason why you always hear about Hitler's crimes so much is because the USSR was part of the Allies from the start (when Stalin made a deal with Churchill so Germany and the USSR will both invade Poland but the UK and France will only declare war on Germany) and whenever the mainstream tells you about some terrible crime, it is to cover up an even far greater crime that those behind the mainstream did. For example, take the various wars that NATO has done in the Middle East since the fall of the USSR. If the Allies really wanted to stop leaders that mass genocide people, they would have taken out Mao Zedong, who officially is the greatest mass murderer of the 20th century and was very weak and easy to get rid of at the end of WWII.
He gained power during Germany's period of crisis after World War I. Hitler combined his in-depth political and philosophical insights with his charismatic oratory skills to emphasize the dangers the nation faced from Allied oppression, International Jewry and Communism. After restructuring the economy and rearming the military, he was given emergency powers to lead the nation.
Hitler’s Germany was defeated in WWII by forces outside of Europe: namely the military might of the United States and the Red Army of the Soviet Union which contained non-European nationalities, many from within Asia. In the final days of the war Hitler and his new wife, Eva Braun, allegedly committed suicide in his underground bunker in Berlin, as the war was lost, but a possible lack of proof, or possible proof otherwise that it didn't happen, such as that of his corpse, the dead body the USSR identified as Hitler by the skull was really later revealed by tests as a woman's skull, and FBI documents have insisted that suicide was not what Hitler did, but rather that he fled to Argentina. The Hitler Escaped To Argentina Theory is disputable, however.
Adolf Hitler remains one of the preeminent individuals in human history. In his personal life Hitler was remarkably dedicated to being healthy as shown by how he was a vegetarian and teetotaler. He highly sympathized with the poor, and did not only very much so support the welfare of people, but also famously (Nobel Peace Prize nomination 1939) supported animal welfare, and was a fine traditional artist and enjoyed classical music.
Hitler is remembered like no one else. People are constantly fascinated by him, especially Jews. Jews are always making movies about him. People often bring up Hitler and nazis; often they even compare people to them--Godwin's Law. In India, there's Hitler ice cream. Now Mao Zedong murdered the most civilians in the 20th century. There were many people in the Soviet Union behind more deaths than Hitler such as Stalin, Lenin✡, Trotsky✡, Yagoda✡ and so on. None of these other people get any of the fame his Hitler and rarely are there movies made about them, if at all.
- 1 Lineage and name
- 2 Childhood and Early Years
- 3 Early Adulthood
- 4 Action in World War I
- 5 Politics
- 6 Mein Kampf
- 7 Rebuilding the NSDAP
- 8 Rise to Power
- 9 Appointment as Chancellor
- 10 Day of Potsdam and the Enabling Act
- 11 Third Reich
- 12 World War II
- 13 The Holocaust/Shoah
- 14 Fall of the Third Reich
- 15 Disappearance
- 16 Reincarnation
- 17 Legacy
- 18 Genealogy
- 19 Videos
- 20 See also
- 21 References
- 22 External links
Lineage and name
- About his lineage see Lineage of Adolf Hitler.
Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, the fourth child of six. His father, Alois Hitler, (1837–1903), was a customs official. His mother, Klara Pölzl, (1860–1907), was Alois' third wife. Of Alois and Klara's six children, only Adolf and his sister Paula reached adulthood. Hitler's father also had a son, Alois Jr, and a daughter, Angela, by his second wife.
The name "Adolf" comes from Old High German for "noble wolf", hence, one of Hitler's self-given nicknames was Wolf or Herr Wolf — he began using this nickname in the early 1920s and was addressed by it only by intimates (as "Uncle Wolf" by the Wagners) up until the fall of the Third Reich. The names of his various headquarters scattered throughout continental Europe (Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, Wolfsschlucht in France, Werwolf in Ukraine, etc.) reflect this. By his closest family and relatives, Hitler was known as "Adi".
Childhood and Early Years
At aged 10 when Adolf tried to run away from home, his father Alois Hitler, beat him until he went into a coma. For 3 days, his family did not know if he would live or die. This was apparently the last time Adolf ever tried to run away from home.
His father, Alois Hitler, frequently beat him every day from when he was 7 until the father's death when Adolf was 13-years-old. The beating had started after Adolf's half-brother, Alois Jr., had ran away from home at age 14. Alois Jr. himself had been the victim of their father's beatings and his father had nearly strangled Alois Jr. to death. After the older half-brother had managed to escape, Alois Sr.'s anger transferred with a vengeance to Adolf and Adolf's mother, Klara. Adolf was old enough at this point to have realized he was being used as a scapegoat; he was being beaten for what he was, not necessarily for what he did.
Adolf adored his mother, who had a habit of pampering him. But she failed to stand up to Alois when he was beating her, and more importantly when he was beating their son. Adolf felt abandoned and would never completely trust a woman again in his life, not even his wife, Eva Braun.
Adolf also saw his mother getting beaten. Given Adolf's adoration of his mother, this probably disturbed him badly. The usual reactions of a boy who sees his father beating the boy's mother is fear, an impulse to intervene, and shame about failing to do so.
As an adult, Adolf reportedly had a recurring nightmare in which a Jew menaced a woman and Adolf failed to intervene, leaving Adolf feeling humiliated. Recurring dreams ordinarily come from a childhood trauma.
Adolf's mother's resignation to her situation was evident; she was not going to save herself. A boy who is close to an abused mother tends to become her champion--to have fantasies about standing up for her, rescuing her. As a child grows up, the fantasies often turn into ambition to become a champion of the people.
Adolf's moral sense was also screwed up, because his father would beat him up, no matter what. It did not matter if he was good or bad, he would still have been punished. And his mother was the opposite, she rewarded him no matter what. It could be argued that Hitler therefore developed a poor ability to determine what was right and what is wrong.
Hitler's family moved often, from Braunau am Inn to Passau, Lambach, Leonding, and Linz. The young Hitler was a good student in elementary school. But in the sixth grade, his first year of high school in Linz, he failed and had to repeat the grade. Hitler claimed his educational slump was a rebellion against his father, who wanted the boy to follow him in a career as a customs official; Hitler wanted to become a painter instead. This explanation is further supported by Hitler's later description of himself as a misunderstood artist. Even though Alois died on January 3, 1903 when Hitler was 13, Hitler's schoolwork did not improve because the childhood trauma never went away. At age 16, Hitler dropped out of high school without a diploma.
From 1905 on, Hitler lived in Vienna working as a laborer, selling his paintings. All his financial income was often not enough to supply his meager survival needs and he often went hungry. He was a fine traditional artist but as a young boy, he was rejected twice by the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (1907 – 1908) citing "unfitness for painting", and was told his abilities lay instead in the field of architecture. His memoirs reflect a fascination with the subject:
"The purpose of my trip was to study the picture gallery in the Court Museum, but I had eyes for scarcely anything but the Museum itself. From morning until late at night, I ran from one object of interest to another, but it was always the buildings which held my primary interest."
Following the school rector's recommendation, he too became convinced this was the path to pursue, yet he lacked the proper academic preparation for architecture school:
"In a few days I myself knew that I should some day become an architect. To be sure, it was an incredibly hard road; for the studies I had neglected out of spite at the Realschule were sorely needed. One could not attend the Academy's architectural school without having attended the building school at the Technic, and the latter required a high-school degree. I had none of all this. The fulfillment of my artistic dream seemed physically impossible."(Mein Kampf, Chapter II, paragraph 5 & 6).
On December 21, 1907, Hitler's mother died of breast cancer at age 47. Ordered by a court in Linz, Hitler gave his share of the orphans' benefits to his sister Paula. When he was 21, he inherited money from an aunt. He struggled as a painter in Vienna, copying scenes from postcards and selling his paintings to merchants and tourists.
After the second refusal from the Academy of Arts, Hitler ran out of money. In 1909, he sought refuge in a homeless shelter. By 1910, he had settled into a house for poor working men.
Hitler says he first became an anti-Semite in Vienna, which had a large Jewish community, including Orthodox Jews who came from Eastern Europe, especially from Russia. However, according to a childhood friend, August Kubizek, Hitler was a "confirmed anti-Semite" before he left Linz, Austria. Vienna at that time was a hotbed of traditional religious prejudice and 19th century racism. Hitler claims in Mein Kampf that his transition from opposing anti-Semitism on religious grounds to supporting it on racial grounds came from coming in contact with Orthodox Jews.
Hitler saw the Jewish race as enemies of the Aryan race. He held them responsible for Austria's crisis. He also identified Communism and Bolshevism, which had many Jewish leaders, as Jewish movements, realizing his anti-Judaism was also supposed to result in anti-Marxism. Blaming Germany's military defeat on the 1918 Revolutions, he considered Jews the culprit of Imperial Germany's downfall and subsequent economic problems as well.
Generalizing from tumultuous scenes in the parliament of the multi-national Austria monarchy, he decided that the democratic parliamentary system was unworkable. However, according to August Kubizek, his one-time roommate, he was more interested in Wagner's operas than in his politics.
Hitler received the final part of his father's estate in May 1913 and moved to Munich. He wrote in Mein Kampf that he had always longed to live in a "real" German city. In Munich, he became more interested in architecture and, he says, the writings of Houston Stewart Chamberlain.
When Germany entered World War I in August 1914, he petitioned King Ludwig III of Bavaria for permission to serve in a Bavarian regiment. This request was granted, and Adolf Hitler enlisted in the Bavarian army.
Action in World War I
Hitler served in France and Belgium as a runner for the 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment, which exposed him to enemy fire. Hitler was twice decorated for bravery, once in 1914 receiving the Iron Cross Second Class and in 1918, the Iron Cross First Class. Additionally, in 1917 he received the Wound Badge for injuries he suffered on his leg. On October 15, 1918, Hitler was admitted to a field hospital, temporarily blinded by a mustard gas attack.
His duties at regimental headquarters, while often dangerous, gave Hitler time to pursue his artwork. When he had the time he drew cartoons and instructional drawings for the army newspaper.
Hitler had long admired Germany, and during the war he had become a passionate German patriot. He was shocked by Germany's capitulation in November 1918 even while the German army still held enemy territory. Like many other nationalists, Hitler believed Germany was "stabbed in the back" by civilian leaders and Marxists back on the home front. These politicians were later dubbed the November Criminals.
After World War I, Hitler remained in the army and returned to Munich. In July 1919, Hitler was appointed a Verbindungsmann (police spy) of an Aufklärungskommando (Intelligence Commando) of the Reichswehr, both to influence other soldiers and to infiltrate political parties.
On September 12, 1919 he visited a meeting of the German Workers Party (DAP). At the meeting a member of the audience stood up and suggested that Bavaria should break away from Prussia and form a separate nation with Austria. Hitler sprang up from the audience to rebut the argument. Anton Drexler, one of the founders of the fledgling party, was impressed with Hitler’s oratorical skills and approached him thrusting a booklet into his hand. It was entitled My Political Awakening and, according to Hitler's writing in Mein Kampf, it reflected much of what he had himself decided upon. Later the same day he received a postcard telling him that he had been accepted for membership. After some internal debate, he says, he decided to join.
Here Hitler also met Dietrich Eckart, one of the early founders of the party. Eckart was a major influence on Hitler, who he later payed tribute to in the second volume of Mein Kampf.
Hitler was discharged from the army in March 1920 and began participating full time in the party's activities. About this time Hitler asked Drexler to change the name of the Party to the National Socialist German Workers Party. (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP)
By early 1921, Hitler was becoming highly effective at speaking in front of large crowds and was rapidly becoming the undisputed leader of the Party. In February, Hitler spoke before a crowd of nearly six thousand in Munich. To publicize the meeting, he sent out two truckloads of party supporters to drive around the city throwing out leaflets.
In the summer of that year, Hitler traveled to Berlin to address a meeting of German Nationalists from northern Germany. While he was away, Drexler led some members of the party committee to circulate a pamphlet that accused Hitler of seeking personal power without regard to other considerations. Hitler rushed back to Munich and countered them by tendering his resignation from the party on July 11, 1921.
When they realized the loss of Hitler would effectively mean the end of the party, he seized the moment and announced he would return on the condition that he would be given total control of the party. Infuriated committee members (including Drexler) held out at first, but eventually the committee backed down and Hitler's demands were put to a vote. Hitler received 543 votes for and only one against. At the next gathering on July 29, 1921, Adolf Hitler was introduced as Führer (leader) of the National Socialist Party, marking the first time this title was publicly used.
Hitler's speeches began attracting adherents. Early followers included Rudolf Hess, the former air force pilot Hermann Göring, and the army captain Ernst Röhm, who became head of the party's paramilitary organization, the SA (Sturmabteilung, or "Storm Division"), which protected meetings and battled political opponents. Hitler also assimilated independent groups, such as the Nuremberg-based Deutsche Werkgemeinschaft, led by Julius Streicher, who became Gauleiter of Franconia. Hitler attracted the attention of local business interests, was accepted into influential circles of Munich society, and became associated with wartime General Erich Ludendorff during this time.
Hitler’s passionate speaking style was noticed by more than a few foreign journalists. One American wrote:
- The National-Socialist party has a great many very good speakers on its roster. But only Hitler is able to hypnotize people en masse. His manner of speaking is not ranting. His gestures are not violent. He speaks with great emphasis, but he seldom shouts. And yet he casts a spell.
- Audiences follow more than his words. They follow his gestures. When he is at a climax and sways to one side or the other his listeners sway with him; when he leans forward, they, also, lean forward, and when he concludes they are either awed and silent or on their feet in a frenzy.
Encouraged by this early support, Hitler decided to use Ludendorff as a front in an attempted coup later known as the Munich Putsch. The National Socialist Party had copied Italy's fascists in appearance and also had adopted some programmatical points, and in 1923, Hitler wanted to emulate Mussolini's "March on Rome" by staging his own "Campaign in Berlin". Hitler and Ludendorff obtained the clandestine support of Gustav von Kahr, Bavaria's de facto ruler, along with leading figures in the Reichswehr and the police. As political posters show, Ludendorff, Hitler and the heads of the Bavarian police and military planned on forming a new government.
On November 8, 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting headed by Kahr in the Bürgerbräukeller, a large beer hall outside of Munich, declaring he had set up a new government with Ludendorff and demanding, at gunpoint, the support of Kahr and the local military establishment for the destruction of the Berlin government. Kahr withdrew his support and fled to join the opposition to Hitler at the first opportunity. The next day, when Hitler and his followers marched from the beer hall to the Bavarian War Ministry to overthrow the Bavarian government as a start to their "March on Berlin", the police dispersed them. Sixteen NSDAP members were killed.
Hitler fled to the home of Ernst Hanfstaengl and was soon arrested for high treason. Alfred Rosenberg became temporary leader of the party. During Hitler's trial, he was given almost unlimited time to speak, and his popularity soared as he voiced nationalistic sentiments. A Munich personality became a nationally known figure. On April 1, 1924, Hitler was sentenced to five years' imprisonment at Landsberg Prison. Hitler received favored treatment from the guards and had much fan mail from admirers. He was pardoned and released from jail in December 1924, as part of a general amnesty for political prisoners. He served nine months of his sentence, or just over a year if time on remand is included.
While at Landsberg he dictated Mein Kampf (My Struggle, originally entitled "Four Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice") to his deputy Rudolf Hess. The book, dedicated to Dietrich Eckart, was an autobiography and an exposition of his ideology. It was published in two volumes in 1925 and 1926, selling about 240,000 copies between 1925 and 1934. By the end of the war, about 10 million copies had been sold or distributed (newly-weds and soldiers received free copies).
In 1928, Hitler dictated a manuscript with the working title "Mein Kampf, vol. III" which was published in 1961 as "Hitler's second book".
Rebuilding the NSDAP
Though the Hitler Putsch had given Hitler some national prominence, his party's mainstay was still Munich.
Since Hitler was still banned from public speeches, he appointed Gregor Strasser, who in 1924 had been elected to the Reichstag, as Reichsorganisationsleiter, authorizing him to organize the party in northern Germany. Strasser, joined by his younger brother Otto and Joseph Goebbels, steered an increasingly independent course, emphasizing the socialist element in the party's programme. The Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Gauleiter Nord-West became an internal opposition, threatening Hitler's authority, but this faction was defeated at the Bamberg Conference in 1926, during which Goebbels joined Hitler.
After this encounter, Hitler centralized the party even more and asserted the Führerprinzip ("Leader principle") as the basic principle of party organization. Leaders were not elected by their group but were rather appointed by their superior and were answerable to them while demanding unquestioning obedience from their inferiors. Consistent with Hitler's disdain for democracy, all power and authority devolved from the top down.
A key element of Hitler's appeal was Hitler's loathing of the injustices of the Treaty of Versailles imposed on the defeated German Empire by the Western Allies. This treaty was responsible for the desperation and poverty in Germany. Germany had been robbed of about one third of its land, its colonies, and commercial fleet and was forced at gun point to agree to the false accusation of having sole responsibility for the war, and was set up to pay a huge reparations bill totaling 132 billion Marks. Most Germans bitterly resented these terms.
Having failed in overthrowing the Republic by a coup, Hitler pursued the "strategy of legality": this meant formally adhering to the rules of the Weimar Republic until he had legally gained power.
Rise to Power
The political turning point for Hitler came when the Great Depression hit Germany in 1930. The Weimar Republic had never been firmly rooted and was openly opposed by right-wing conservatives (including monarchists), Communists and National Socialists. As the parties loyal to the democratic, parliamentary republic found themselves unable to agree on counter-measures, their Grand Coalition broke up and was replaced by a minority cabinet. The new Chancellor, Heinrich Brüning of the Roman Catholic Center Party, lacking a majority in parliament, had to implement his measures through the president's emergency decrees. Tolerated by the majority of parties, the exception soon became the rule and paved the way for authoritarian forms of government.
The Reichstag's initial opposition to Brüning's measures led to premature elections in September 1930. The republican parties lost their majority and their ability to resume the Grand Coalition, while the National Socialists suddenly rose from relative obscurity to win 18.3% of the vote along with 107 seats in the Reichstag, becoming the second largest party in Germany.
Brüning's measure of budget consolidation and financial austerity brought little economic improvement and was extremely unpopular. Under these circumstances, Hitler appealed to the bulk of German farmers, war veterans and the middle class, who had been hard-hit by both the inflation of the 1920s and the unemployment of the Depression.
In 1932, Hitler intended to run against the aging President Paul von Hindenburg in the scheduled presidential elections. His campaign was called "Hitler über Deutschland" (Hitler over Germany). The name most likely referred to the fact that Hitler was campaigning by aircraft. This was a brand new political tactic that allowed Hitler to speak in two cities in one day, which was practically unheard of at the time. Hitler came in second on both rounds, attaining more than 35% of the vote during the second one in April. Although he lost to Hindenburg, the election established Hitler as a realistic alternative in German politics.
Cabinets of Papen and Schleicher
Hindenburg, influenced by the Camarilla, became increasingly estranged from Brüning and pushed his Chancellor to move the government in a decidedly authoritarian and right-wing direction. This culminated, in May 1932, with the resignation of the Brüning cabinet.
Hindenburg appointed the nobleman Franz von Papen as chancellor, heading a "Cabinet of Barons". Papen was bent on authoritarian rule and, since in the Reichstag only the conservative DNVP supported his administration, he immediately called for new elections in July. In these elections, the National Socialists achieved their biggest success yet and won 230 seats.
The NSDAP had become the largest party in the Reichstag without which no stable government could be formed. Papen tried to convince Hitler to become Vice-Chancellor and enter a new government with a parliamentary basis. Hitler, however, rejected this offer and put further pressure on Papen by entertaining parallel negotiations with the Center Party, Papen's former party, which was bent on bringing down the renegade Papen. In both negotiations, Hitler demanded that he, as leader of the strongest party, must be Chancellor, but Hindenburg refused.
After a vote of no-confidence in the Papen government, supported by 84% of the deputies, the new Reichstag was dissolved, and new elections were called in November. This time, the NSDAP lost some seats but still remained the largest party in the Reichstag.
After Papen failed to secure a majority, he proposed to dissolve the parliament again along with an indefinite postponement of elections. Hindenburg at first accepted this, but after General Kurt von Schleicher and the military withdrew their support, Hindenburg instead dismissed Papen and appointed Schleicher, who promised he could secure a majority government by negotiations with both the Social Democrats, the trade unions, and dissidents from the National Socialist Party under Gregor Strasser. In January 1933, however, Schleicher had to admit failure in these efforts and asked Hindenburg for emergency powers along with the same postponement of elections that he had opposed earlier, to which the president reacted by dismissing Schleicher.
Appointment as Chancellor
Meanwhile, Papen tried to get his revenge on Schleicher by working toward the General's downfall, through forming an intrigue with the camarilla and Alfred Hugenberg, media mogul and chairman of the DNVP. Also involved were Hjalmar Schacht, Fritz Thyssen and other leading German businessmen. They financially supported the NSDAP, which had been brought to the brink of bankruptcy by the cost of heavy campaigning. The businessmen also wrote letters to Hindenburg, urging him to appoint Hitler as leader of a government "independent from parliamentary parties" which could turn into a movement that would "enrapture millions of people."
Finally, the president reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler Chancellor of a coalition government formed by the NSDAP and DNVP. Hitler and two other Party ministers (Frick, Göring) were to be contained by a framework of conservative cabinet ministers, most notably by Papen as Vice-Chancellor and by Hugenberg as Minister of the Economy. Papen wanted to use Hitler as a figure-head, but the Party had gained key positions, most notably the Ministry of the Interior. On the morning of 30 January 1933, in Hindenburg's office, Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor during what some observers later described as a brief and simple ceremony.
Reichstag Fire and the March Elections
Having become Chancellor, Hitler foiled all attempts to gain a majority in parliament and on that basis persuaded President Hindenburg to dissolve the Reichstag again. Elections were scheduled for early March, but on 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building burned. The fire was blamed on a Communist plot to which the government reacted with the Reichstag Fire Decree of 28 February which gave the new government emergency powers. Under the provisions of this decree, the German Communist Party and other groups were suppressed, and communist functionaries and deputies were arrested.
On election day, 6 March, the NSDAP increased its result to 43.9% of the vote, remaining the largest party, but its victory was marred by its failure to secure an absolute majority, necessitating maintaining a coalition with the DNVP.
Day of Potsdam and the Enabling Act
On 21 March the new Reichstag was constituted with an opening ceremony held at Potsdam's garrison church. This "Day of Potsdam" was staged to demonstrate reconciliation and union between the revolutionary Nationalist movement and "Old Prussia" with its elites and virtues. Hitler appeared in a tail coat and greeted the aged President Hindenburg.
Because of the National Socialists' failure to obtain a majority on their own, Hitler's government confronted the newly elected Reichstag with the Enabling Act that would have vested the cabinet with legislative powers for a period of four years. Though such a bill was not unprecedented, this act was different since it allowed for deviations from the constitution. Since the bill required a two-thirds majority in order to pass, the government needed the support of other parties. The position of the Catholic Center Party, the third largest party in the Reichstag, turned out to be decisive: under the leadership of Ludwig Kaas, the party decided to vote for the Enabling Act. It did so in return for the government's oral guarantees regarding the Church's liberty, the concordats signed by German states and the continued existence of the Center Party.
On 23 March the Reichstag assembled in a replacement building under extremely turbulent circumstances. Some SA men served as guards within while large groups outside the building shouted slogans and threats toward the arriving deputies. Kaas announced that the Center would support the bill amid "concerns put aside.", while Social Democrat Otto Wels denounced the act in his speech. At the end of the day, all parties except the Social Democrats voted in favor of the bill. The Enabling Act was dutifully renewed by the Reichstag every four years, even through World War II.
Having the support of the nation, Hitler began one of the greatest expansions of industrial production and civil improvement Germany had ever seen. With the construction of dozens of dams, autobahns, railroads, and other civil works the unemployment rate was cut substantially. Laborers and farmers, the traditional voters of the NSDAP, saw an increase in their standard of living.
Hitler's policies emphasized the importance of family life which allowed women to stay at home to raise children. In a September 1934 speech to the National Socialist Women's Organization, Adolf Hitler argued that for the German woman her “world is her husband, her family, her children, and her home.” This policy was reinforced by bestowing the Cross of Honor of the German Mother on women bearing four or more babies.
Rearming and Alliances
In Hitler's speech of Jan 30, 1940, he had this to say about the oppression of the Allies and those who desired the war:
"Nations were robbed of their rights, first rendered utterly defenseless and then subjected to a division which left only victors and vanquished in this world...And then there was no more talk of disarmament. To the contrary, armament went on. Nor did any efforts materialize to settle conflicts peacefully. The armed states waged wars just as before. Yet those who had been disarmed were no longer in a position to ward off the aggressions of those well armed... Naturally, this did not herald economic prosperity but, to the contrary, produced a network of lunatic reparations payments which led to increasing destitution for not only the vanquished, but also the so-called victors themselves. The consequences of this economic destitution were felt most acutely by the German Volk...It contained those 440 articles, all of which represented a burden, an obligation, an indictment, and an extortion of Germany. The League of Nations guaranteed this Versailles. It was not an association of free and equal nations. It was not even a League of Nations; its founding father refused it recognition from the start. It was a so-called League of Nations with the sole intent of guaranteeing this most vile of all Diktats. Its mission was to force us to fulfill this Diktat...Those were the days when a great nation slowly lost not only its belief in itself, but all hope for justice in this world. During this entire period, democratic Germany hoped in vain, pleaded in vain, and protested in vain. International finance remained brutal and squeezed our Volk ruthlessly...The statesmen of the allied nations closed their hearts to it. In cold blood, they declared that we were twenty million Germans too many....It was a work of purely inner, domestic reform. And nevertheless, it immediately elicited the hatred of others. These got wind of the renewed rise of the German Volk. And it was because we knew of this that we undertook to mobilize Germany’s strength.
You know it well: in the year 1933, the year we assumed power, I was forced to declare our withdrawal from the League of Nations and from the Disarmament Conference. This forum was incapable of according us justice..."
As Germany had not received any support and justice from the Allies and instead continued to suffer from their Versailles dictate, Hitler long realized that the only way Germany would survive is if it helped itself and protected itself. For decades other European countries mobilized terrorizing countries that had no protection, while Germany was stuck in a contract of non-mobilization with increasing envy and hostility rising around Germany's economic recovery.
In March 1935, Hitler introduced conscription and began building a massive military force which included a new Navy (Kriegsmarine) and an Air Force (Luftwaffe). For the first time in 20 years, Germany's armed forces were as strong as France's.
In March 1936, Hitler reoccupied the demilitarized zone in the Rhineland. In July 1936, the Spanish Civil War began when the military, led by General Francisco Franco, rebelled against the elected Popular Front government. After receiving an appeal for help from General Franco in July 1936, Hitler sent troops to support Franco.
An alliance was formed between Germany and Italy by Count Galeazzo Ciano, foreign minister of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini on 25 October 1936. The Tripartite Treaty was then signed by Saburo Kurusu of Imperial Japan, Hitler, and Ciano on 27 September 1940. It was later expanded to include Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. They were collectively known as the Axis Powers.
World War II
On March 12, 1938, Austria was united with Germany. Two days later Hitler made a triumphal return to Vienna. Next, the question over the ethnic Germans Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia was resolved by the Munich Agreement of September 1938. The agreement allowed these Germans to be under the German Reich. As a result of the summit, Hitler was TIME magazine's Man of the Year for 1938. British prime minister Neville Chamberlain hailed this agreement as "Peace in our time." Hitler proclaimed Prague Castle the new republics of Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.
After that, Hitler claimed German grievances relating to the Free City of Danzig and the Polish Corridor, one of the many Germany territories forced away from Germany under the Versailles Treaty. Britain had not been able to reach an agreement with the Soviet Union for an alliance against Germany, and, on 23 August 1939, Hitler concluded a non-aggression pact (the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact) with Joseph Stalin on which it was agreed that the Soviet Union and National Socialist Germany would partition Poland. In response to ongoing aggressions and murder of ethnic Germans in Poland (15,000 in 1939 - 60,000 over the years), ongoing German border attacks by the Poles, unwillingness of the Poles to give a long requested access to the German landlocked city of Danzig by the means of a corridor, the Poles for the first time in their aggressions entering German territory on 1 September, 1939, Germany retaliated against Poland, and as Hitler said in his speech of 1 September 1939, "since 5:45 we are shooting back." The endless instigation of war by Poland against Germany over the years, with Germany restraining itself, was then been used in a plan to turn a local conflict into a reason for a world war by the Allies. Part of the secret plan to lure Germany into war was the Churchill-Stalin-Pact. Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3 September, 1939, but did not immediately act. Not long after this, on 17 September, Soviet forces invaded eastern Poland.
During this period, later called the Phony War, Hitler built up his forces. In April 1940, he ordered German forces into Denmark and Norway preempting a British invasion of those countries. In May 1940, Hitler ordered his forces to attack France, conquering the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium in the process. France surrendered on 22 June 1940. This series of victories convinced his main ally, Benito Mussolini of Italy, to join the war on Hitler's side in May 1940.
Britain, whose defeated forces had evacuated France from the coastal town of Dunkirk, continued to fight alongside Canadian forces in the Battle of the Atlantic. At Dunkirk Hitler let a huge amount of British military men go free as a gesture of peace. Hitler tried to make peace with Great Britain but the new British Prime Minister Winston Churchill rejected the offer. Hitler ordered bombing raids on the British Isles in retaliation to British attacks on German cities. The attacks began by pounding the Royal Air Force airbases and the radar stations protecting South-East England. However, the Luftwaffe failed to defeat the Royal Air Force by the end of October 1940.
On 22 June 1941, after remarkable Soviet military concentration on the Soviet-German Border, after numerous Soviet initiated provocations and border incidents, and after Stalin began conquering European countries one-by-one, Operation Barbarossa began. In it, German troops of 3 million soldiers attacked the Soviet Union with the intent of protecting Europe from Soviet invasion. This was at great risk to Germany both in lives and due to the power of the Soviet Union, but it had to be done to protect Europe from Communism. During the operation, German troops seized huge amounts of territory, liberating the Baltic states, Belarus, and Ukraine. It also encircled and destroyed many Soviet forces. However in December 1941 the Germans failed to capture Moscow.
On 11 December 1941, four days after the Empire of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, Hitler declared war on the United States. Even though Japan did not honor their alliance by attacking the Soviet Union, Hitler honored his alliance by declaring war on the US. The declaration of war seemed a formality since the US over the past few months had been waging war with Germany not only via her proxies: providing military aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union, but also by having attacked many German ships over several months' time in international waters as Hitler declared in his speech of Dec 11, 1941. However, the US had the problem where only Congress can declare war and so they had been holding back and having a cold war. Since Germany declared war, that meant the Zionist US president didn't have to worry about getting Congress to declare war since it was already on. With a cold war changed to a hot war, the US instituted a draft and fully dedicated their nation to war. While this may seem bad, in the end the Soviet Union was who defeated Germany and the US was able to scoop up research and scientists before they Soviets could get it, which the US then used later on to fight the Soviets. Getting the US in a hot war also improved its economy so it would not fall to Communism and would be the main force to fight it.
In late 1942, German forces were defeated in the second battle of El Alamein. In February 1943, the Battle of Stalingrad ended with the encirclement and destruction of the German 6th Army due to the provision of financial and military supplies of the United States. From Stalingrad on Germany's military and economic position deteriorated. Throughout 1943 and 1944, the Soviet Union steadily forced Hitler's armies into retreat along the Eastern Front.
During the brief time that Germany had occupied parts of the Soviet Union, Hitler put a stop to the bolsheviks mass murdering of the peasants and he also stopped their program of forced starvation of the peasants. This gave the oppressed Soviet people a better life during the brief time that Germany occupied parts of the Soviet Union.
On 6 June 1944, the Western Allied armies landed in northern France in what was the largest amphibious operation ever conducted, Operation Overlord. After the Allied invasion, some treasonous officers in the German Army plotted to remove Hitler from power and negotiate an end to the war. In July 1944, one of them, Claus von Stauffenberg, planted a bomb at Hitler's military headquarters in Rastenburg, but Hitler narrowly escaped death. The failed coup resulted in a purging of the military of disloyal individuals.
In the USA there have been a lot of government policies like: the war on drugs, the war on poverty, the war on illiteracy, the war on terrorism, and so on. Then there's the socialism of Venezuela in the early 21st century. Each policy has failed miserably and made the problem worse.
In National Socialist Germany--not "nazi", they never called themselves that; it was created as an insult--they had a government policy like that too. Zionist Jews and Communist Jews were trying to exterminate the German people. So the German government enacted government policy to deal with The Jewish Problem. And so like all other government policies, this one failed miserably as well. This particularly policy backfired too like the others and it backfired more than any other government policy out there.
Some people believe that Hitler Did Nothing Wrong and if France and the UK hadn't declared war on Germany and if Stalin hadn't tried to invade all of Europe, then National Socialist Germany could be left in peace. And there's the fact that there's heavy propaganda against National Socialist Germany and not the far greater mass civilian deaths under the Soviet Union and Communist China--Communist China which today still kidnaps Buddhist monks and harvests their organs. But what this all comes down to is National Socialist Germany had a government policy to deal with such problems. This socialist government's policy failed and backfired. The policy was tried and the test revealed it was a policy that did the opposite of what it was supposed to accomplish.
So like other failed government policies--the war on drugs, the war on poverty, the war on illiteracy, the war on terrorism--National Socialist Germany had one against Jewish supremacism. How did that work out?
- Firstly all the Jews causing harm to Germany at the time were rich and powerful. After Hitler became chancellor, he ended elections for the position. So all the Jews knew the government was permanently going to hate them as long as it lasted. All the Jews wanted to leave. However back in those days, there was no welfare state. All the mass immigration into white countries is because all the white countries have massive welfare states paying these Third World invaders to come. Second, Jews were associated with Communism, which before Hitler and Stalin had come to power, the Jews running the Soviet Union had genocided tens of millions of white gentiles. They also killed most of the Buddhist monks in Mongolia. There was even the MS St. Louis where Jews who fled Germany in 1939 were sailing all around the world and very few could find any country willing to take them. Cuba refused to take them because Cuba didn't want to fall to Communism--but well it happened anyway in the 1950s. As mentioned, all the Jews causing harm to Germany were rich and powerful. These Jews simply bribed their way into foreign countries. None of the Rothschild family were ever sent to concentration camps, for instance. So the German government's policy of putting Jews in camps had no effect on the big bads of the Jews.
- Christians used to hate Jews. Today, Christians love Jews and most are Christian Zionists who believe Christians should do all they can to help Jews.
- The German people and other white people are robbed (by taxation) hundreds of trillions of dollars/euros/etc a year and it is given to Jews, mostly Israel.
- Jews are more powerful than ever before. In Europe and other white countries, you go to prison for even criticizing Jews or Israel. Governments never punished people for antisemitism before National Socialist Germany.
- Antisemitism used to be normal and you could speak it all you wanted. Post-WWII, people who speak it are outcasts and can't even find employment.
- If someone is proud of their ancestry as English, French or has white pride in any other country that fought against National Socialist Germany in WWII, then they are considered a "nazi who wants to kill six million Jews".
Now sure, National Socialist Germany didn't directly do any of the negative ways its government policy backfired, but these effects all happened because its government policy didn't work. These are all just typical failed socialist government policies.
Today, the majority of people who want to do something about the harm that Jewish supremacists do to society think that emulating the failed policies of National Socialist Germany is the way to do it. Kicking out the Jews has historically worked for a few centuries before Jews sneak back in. Another method that has worked is getting Jews to integrate into society. According to a widely publicized study (December 2008) in the American Journal of Human Genetics, 19.8 percent of modern Spaniards (and Portuguese) have DNA reflecting Sephardic Jewish ancestry (compared to 10.6 percent having DNA reflecting North African ancestors).
Fall of the Third Reich
By late 1944, the Red Army had driven the Germans from Soviet territory and entered Central Europe. The Western Allies were also advancing into Germany. In April 1945, Soviet forces were attacking the outskirts of Berlin. Hitler's followers urged him to flee to the mountains of Bavaria to make a last stand, but Hitler was determined to either live or die in the capital. By April 21, Georgi Zhukov's 1st Belorussian Front had broken through German defenses. By the end of the day on 27 April, Berlin was completely cut off from the rest of Germany.
On 29 April, Hans Krebs, Wilhelm Burgdorf, Joseph Goebbels, and Martin Bormann witnessed and signed the last will and testament of Adolf Hitler. Hitler dictated the document to his private secretary, Traudl Junge. Hitler was also informed of the murder of his allies Benito Mussolini. This Last Testament is being disputed by some sources as to its authenticity.
On April 30, 1945 Soviet troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery. The Soviet Russians were brutal occupiers, raping and murdering females at will and torturing soldiers to death or executing them. In the final days of the war Hitler and his wife since the day before, Eva Braun, disappeared from Hitler's underground bunker in Berlin, when they believed all was lost for Germany. The Allied occupiers allege to the public that they committed suicide with each other and in the Führerbunker.
On May 2, General Weidling surrendered Berlin unconditionally to the Russians. When Russian forces reached the Chancellery, they alleged to have found Hitler's body and an autopsy was performed using dental records to confirm the identification. However, there is an ongoing dispute over the authenticity of the remains, due to proof insisting that it was not Hitler's body. A possible lack of proof or possible proof otherwise that it didn't happen, such as that of his corpse, the dead body the USSR identified as Hitler by the skull was really later revealed by tests as a woman's skull, and FBI documents have insisted that suicide was not what Hitler did, but rather that he fled to Argentina. The Hitler Escaped To Argentina Theory is disputable, however.
There have been lots of speculation as to who Hitler reincarnated into. The guesses usually center around the notion that he died in 1945 and didn't escape to Argentina.
The two main suspects people claim are cats that look like Hitler and politicians.
Very few people claim to be his reincarnation. One was Emin Djinovci, a Kosovan man from Mitrovica aged 49 in 2014, who styled the hair on his head and face to look like Hitler. A more famous person though is Tila Tequila, who was born Thien Thanh Thi Nguyen and is 3/4th Vietnamese and 1/4 French. She moved to the USA and became a porn star for a while before moving onto a career in television and music. She's bisexual too. After a stroke, her personality changed. She opposed the New World Order that she once faithfully served and declared that she was the reincarnation of Adolf Hitler! She later was knocked up by some unrememberable white musician who was ten years older than her and then she became a single mother. The father's surname is Whitaker but he is unrelated to Robert Whitaker. Although in radio show she claimed she was mainly trolling, she continued claiming she was the reincarnation of Hilter years after giving birth.
Hitler continues to be a controversial figure, adored and hated. In the later literature, despite the massive Jewish orchestrated hate campaign, some have referred to Hitler's legacy in neutral or favorable terms. John F. Kennedy wrote of Hitler in Prelude to Leadership: The European Diary of John F. Kennedy that "he had in him the stuff of which legends are made." Former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat wrote favorably of Hitler in 1953. Louis Farrakhan has referred to him as a "very great man". Bal Thackeray, leader of the national Hindu Shiv Sena party in the Indian state of the Maharashtra, declared in 1995 that he was an admirer of Hitler.
Paula Hitler, the last living member of Adolf Hitler's immediate family, died in 1960.
The most prominent and longest-living direct descendants of Adolf Hitler's father, Alois, was Adolf's nephew William Patrick Hitler. With his wife Phyllis, he eventually moved to Long Island, New York, and had four sons. None of William Hitler's children have yet had any children of their own.
Over the years various investigative reporters have attempted to track down other distant relatives of the Führer; many are now alleged to be living inconspicuous lives and have long since changed their surname.
- Eva Braun, mistress and then wife
- Alois Hitler, father
- Klara Hitler, mother
- Paula Hitler, sister
- Alois Hitler, Jr., half-brother
- Bridget Dowling, sister-in-law
- William Patrick Hitler, nephew
- Heinz Hitler, nephew
- Angela Hitler Raubal, half-sister
- Maria Schicklgruber, grandmother
- Johann Georg Hiedler, presumed grandfather
- Johann Nepomuk Hiedler, maternal great-grandfather, presumed great uncle and possibly Hitler's true paternal grandfather
- Geli Raubal, niece
- Adolf Hitler and Christianity
- Adolf Hitler Timeline
- Adolf Hitler the artist
- "Hitler Did Nothing Wrong"
- Hitler Escaped To Argentina Theory
- Lineage of Adolf Hitler
- List of Adolf Hitler's speeches
- National socialism, liberalism, marxism
- Rudolf Hess
- Hitler: The Pathology of Evil (Potomac's Paperback Classics) Paperback – January 1, 2000 by Dr. George Victor Ph.D (Author)
- "The Man Who Leads Germany" The Literary Digest by Stanley High, October 21, 1933, page 42
- Adams, Susan M.; Bosch, Elena; Balaresque, Patricia L.; Ballereau, Stéphane J.; Lee, Andrew C.; Arroyo, Eduardo; López-Parra, Ana M.; Aler, Mercedes; Grifo, Marina S. Gisbert; Brion, Maria; Carracedo, Angel; Lavinha, João; Martínez-Jarreta, Begoña; Quintana-Murci, Lluis; Picornell, Antònia; Ramon, Misericordia; Skorecki, Karl; Behar, Doron M.; Calafell, Francesc; Jobling, Mark A. (2008). "The Genetic Legacy of Religious Diversity and Intolerance: Paternal Lineages of Christians, Jews, and Muslims in the Iberian Peninsula". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 83 (6): 725–36. PMC . PMID 19061982. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2008.11.007.